Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s – 1970s – 1980s 1990s 2000s Years: 1969 1970 1971 – 1972 – 1973 1974 1975 1972 by topic: Subject Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Aviation – Awards – Comics – Film – Home video – Literature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country, Metal) – Rail transport – Radio – Science – Spaceflight – Sports – Television – Video gaming By country Australia – Canada – People's Republic of China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – India – Ireland – Israel – Italy – Japan – Luxembourg – Malaysia – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Pakistan – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA Leaders Sovereign states – State leaders – Religious leaders – Law Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works and introductions categories Works – Introductions 1972 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1972
Ab urbe condita 2725 Armenian calendar 1421
Assyrian calendar 6722 Bahá'í calendar 128 – 129 Bengali calendar 1379 Berber calendar 2922 British Regnal year 20 Eliz. 2 – 21 Eliz. 2 Buddhist calendar 2516 Burmese calendar 1334 Byzantine calendar 7480 – 7481 Chinese calendar 辛亥年十一月十五日
(4608/4668-11-15)— to —壬子年十一月廿六日
Coptic calendar 1688 – 1689 Ethiopian calendar 1964 – 1965 Hebrew calendar 5732 – 5733 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 2028 – 2029 - Shaka Samvat 1894 – 1895 - Kali Yuga 5073 – 5074 Holocene calendar 11972 Iranian calendar 1350 – 1351 Islamic calendar 1391 – 1392 Japanese calendar Shōwa 47
Korean calendar 4305 Minguo calendar ROC 61
Thai solar calendar 2515 Unix time 63072000 – 94694399
Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
- January 1
- January 3
- January 4
- January 5 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
- January 7
- January 9 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor.
- January 10 – Father of The Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns Bangladesh from Pakistan
- January 13 – Prime Minister of Ghana Kofi Abrefa Busia is overthrown in a military coup.
- January 14 – Queen Margaret II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark.
- January 16 – Super Bowl VI: The Dallas Cowboys defeat the Miami Dolphins 24–3.
- January 19 – The Libertarian enclave Minerva on a platform in the South Pacific, sponsored by the Phoenix Foundation, declares independence. Soon neighboring Tonga annexes the area and dismantles the platform.
- January 20 – President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces that Pakistan will immediately begin a nuclear weapons programme.
- January 21 – A New Delhi bootlegger sells wood alcohol to a wedding party; 100 die.
- January 24 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle.
- January 25 – Shirley Chisholm, the first African American Congresswoman, announces her candidacy for President.
- January 26
- January 28 – Richard Chanfray claims he is the Count of St Germain on French television.
- January 30
- January 31 – King Birendra succeeds his father as King of Nepal.
- February 2
- A bomb explodes at the British Yacht Club in West Berlin, killing Irwin Beelitz, a German boat builder.
- The German militant group Movement 2 June announces its support of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
- Anti-British riots take place throughout Ireland. The British Embassy in Dublin is burned to the ground, as are several British-owned businesses.
- February 3–February 13 – The 1972 Winter Olympics are held in Sapporo, Japan.
- February 4 – Mariner 9 sends pictures from Mars.
- February 5
- February 9 – The British government declares a state of emergency over a miners' strike.
- February 15
- February 17 – Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model-T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced.
- February 18 – The California Supreme Court voids the state's death penalty, commuting all death sentences to life in prison.
- February 19 – Asama-Sansō incident: Five United Red Army members break into a lodge below Mount Asama, taking the wife of the lodge keeper hostage.
- February 21 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
- February 21–February 28 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon makes an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.
- February 22
- February 23 – Angela Davis is released from jail. A Caruthers, California farmer, Rodger McAfee, helps her make bail.
- February 24 – North Vietnamese negotiators walk out of the Paris Peace Talks to protest U.S. air raids.
- February 26
- February 28 – The Asama-Sanso incident ends in a standoff between 5 members of the Japanese United Red Army and the authorities, in which 2 policemen are killed and 12 injured.
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3 – Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain in the U.S. state of Georgia.
- March 4
- March 5 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves the Greek Communist Party.
- March 13
- March 16 – The first building of the Pruitt–Igoe housing development is destroyed.
- March 19 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.
- March 22 – The 92nd U.S. Congress votes to send the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.
- March 24
- March 25
- Après Toi sung by Vicky Leandros (music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas, lyric by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1972 for Luxembourg.
- Bewitched starring Elizabeth Montgomery and Dick Sargent aired its final episode, "The Truth, Nothing but the Truth, So Help Me Sam" on ABC.
- March 26
- March 30 – Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
- April 7 – Vietnam War veteran Richard McCoy, Jr. hijacks a United Airlines jet and extorts $500,000; he is later captured.
- April 10
- The U.S. and the Soviet Union join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare.
- A 7.0 Richter scale earthquake kills 5,000 people in the Iranian province of Fars.
- The 44th Annual Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles.
- April 13 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
- April 16
- April 17 – The first Boston Marathon in which women are officially allowed to compete.
- April 22 – Sylvia Cook and John Fairfax finish rowing across the Pacific.
- April 26 – The Lockheed L-1011 Tristar enters service with Eastern Airlines.
- April 27 – A no-confidence vote against German Chancellor Willy Brandt fails under obscure circumstances.
- April 29 – The fourth anniversary of the Broadway musical Hair is celebrated with a free concert at a Central Park bandshell, followed by dinner at the Four Seasons. There, 13 Black Panther protesters and the show's co-author, Jim Rado, are arrested for disturbing the peace and for using marijuana.
- The Burundian Genocide against the Hutu begins; more than 500,000 Hutus die.
- May 2 – Fire in a silver mine in Idaho kills 91.
- May 5 – An Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo, Sicily; 115 die.
- May 7 – General elections are held in Italy.
- May 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the mining of Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam.
- May 13 – Fire in a nightclub atop the Sennichi department store in Osaka, Japan, kills 115.
- May 15
- May 16 – The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opens on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
- May 18 – Four troopers of both SAS and SBS are parachuted onto the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2, 1,000 miles (1,600 km) off Britain in the Atlantic, after a bomb threat and ransom demand, which turns out to be bogus.
- May 19 – Three out of 6 bombs explode in the Springer Press building in Hamburg, Germany, injuring 17; the Red Army Faction claims responsibility.
- May 21 – In Rome, Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's "Pietà" statue with a sledgehammer, shouting that he is Jesus Christ.
- May 22
- May 23 – The Tamil United Front (now known as Tamil United Liberation Front), a pro-Tamil organization, is founded.
- May 24
- Rangers lift the Cup Winners Cup, defeating Dynamo Moscow in the final at the Nou Camp. Their supporters invade the pitch, with the team banned from defending the trophy the following season.
- A Red Army Faction bomb explodes in the Campbell Barracks of the U.S. Army Supreme European Command in Heidelberg, West Germany; 3 U.S. soldiers (Clyde Bonner, Ronald Woodard and Charles Peck) are killed.
- The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age; it goes on sale to the public in August.
- May 26
- Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
- The Watergate first break-in, the "Ameritas dinner", fails.
- Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.
- Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
- May 27 – A second Watergate break-in attempt fails.
- May 30
- June – Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company.
- June 2 – Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe, Holger Meins and some other members of Red Army Faction are arrested in Frankfurt am Main after a shootout.
- June 3 – Sally Priesand becomes the first female U.S. rabbi.
- June 4 – Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder.
- June 5–June 16 – The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment is held in Stockholm, Sweden
- June 8 – Seven men and 3 women hijack a plane from Czechoslovakia to West Germany.
- June 9 – The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota.
- June 14–June 23 – Hurricane Agnes kills 117 on the U.S. East Coast.
- June 15 – Ulrike Meinhof and Gerhard Müller of the Red Army Faction are arrested in a teacher's apartment in Langenhagen, West Germany.
- June 15–June 18 – The first U.S. Libertarian Party National Convention is held in Denver, Colorado.
- June 16 – 108 die as two passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel near Soissons, France.
- June 17
- June 18
- June 23 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
- June 26 – Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari.
- June 28 – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
- June 29 – Furman v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the death penalty is unconstitutional.
- June 30 – An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the month.
- July – U.S. actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.
- July 1
- July 2 – Following Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, both nations sign the historic Simla Agreement, agreeing to settle their disputes bilaterally.
- July 4 – The first Rainbow Gathering is held in Colorado.
- July 8 – The U.S. sells grain to the Soviet Union for $750 million.
- July 10 – India's news agency reports that at least 24 people have been killed in separate incidents, in the Chandka Forest in India, by elephants.
- July 10–July 14 – The Democratic National Convention meets in Miami Beach. Senator George McGovern, who backs the immediate and complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Vietnam, is nominated for President. He names fellow Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate.
- July 15 – The Pruitt–Igoe housing development is demolished in Saint Louis, Missouri.
- July 18 – Anwar Sadat expels 20,000 Soviet advisors from Egypt.
- July 21
- Bloody Friday: 22 bombs planted by the Provisional IRA explode in Belfast, Northern Ireland; nine people are killed and 130 seriously injured.
- Comedian George Carlin is arrested by Milwaukee police for public obscenity, for reciting his "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television" at Summerfest.
- A collision between two trains near Sevilla, Spain kills 76 people.
- July 23 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
- July 25 – U.S. health officials admit that African-Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.
- July 29 – A national dock strike begins in Britain.
- July 31 – The Troubles, Northern Ireland:
- Operation Motorman, 4:00 AM: British Army begins to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry ("Free Derry") and Newry.
- Claudy bombing (“Bloody Monday”), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill nine. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his rôle was covered up by the authorities.
- August 1 – U.S. Senator Thomas Eagleton, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee, withdraws from the race after revealing he was once treated for mental illness.
- August 4
- Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for shooting George Wallace.
- Dictator Idi Amin declares that Uganda will expel 50,000 Asians with British passports to Britain within 3 months.
- A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on August 2; an August 4 flare kicks off high levels of activity until August 10.
- August 10 – A brilliant, daytime meteor skips off the Earth's atmosphere due to an Apollo asteroid streaking over the western US into Canada.
- August 12 – The last U.S. ground troops are withdrawn from Vietnam.
- August 14 – An East German Ilyushin airliner crashes near East Berlin; all 156 onboard perish.
- August 16 – As part of a coup attempt, members of the Royal Moroccan Air Force fire upon, but fail to bring down, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
- August 21 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida renominates U.S. President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew for a second term.
- August 22 – John Wojtowicz, 27, and Sal Naturile, 18, hold several Chase Manhattan Bank employees hostage for 17 hours in Gravesend, Brooklyn, N.Y, an event later dramatized in the film Dog Day Afternoon.
- August 26 – September 11 – The 1972 Summer Olympics are held in Munich, West Germany.
- September 1 – Bobby Fischer defeats Boris Spassky in a chess match at Reykjavík, Iceland, becoming the first American to be world chess champion.
- September 4 – The first episode of The Price Is Right is hosted on CBS by Bob Barker. Gambit and The Joker's Wild also premiere.
- September 5–September 6 – Munich Massacre: Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after 8 members of the Arab terrorist group Black September invade the Olympic Village; 5 guerillas and 1 policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue.
- September 10 – The Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza and becomes the youngest Formula One World Champion.
- September 14 – West Germany and Poland renew diplomatic relations.
- September 17 – Uganda announces that there are Tanzanian troops in its territory.
- September 18 – São Paulo Metro is inaugurated in Brazil.
- September 19 – A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills 1 diplomat.
- September 21 – Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under martial law.
- September 24 – An F-86 fighter aircraft leaving an air show at Sacramento Executive Airport fails to become airborne and crashes into a Farrell's Ice Cream Parlor, killing 12 children and 11 adults.
- September 25 – Norwegian EC referendum, 1972: Norway rejects membership in the European Economic Community.
- September 27 – The Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China is signed in Beijing.
- September 28 – The Canadian national men's hockey team defeats the Soviet national ice hockey team in Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series (French: La Série du Siècle, Russian: Суперсерия СССР — Канада), 6–5, to win the series 4–3–1.
- September 29 – Sino-Japanese relations: Japan normalizes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan).
- October – The government of former President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre formally introduces the Somali alphabet as Somalia's official writing script.
- October 1
- October 2 – Denmark joins the European Community; the Faroe Islands stay out.
- October 5 – The United Reformed Church is founded out of the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches.
- October 6 – A train crash in Saltillo, Mexico kills 208 people.
- October 8 – R. Sargent Shriver is chosen to replace Thomas Eagleton as the U.S. vice-presidential nominee of the Democratic Party.
- October 12 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial riot involving more than 200 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk; nearly 50 sailors are injured.
- October 13 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571: A Fairchild FH-227D passenger aircraft transporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000' in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive December 20 but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive.
- October 16
- A plane carrying U.S. Congressman Hale Boggs of Louisiana and 3 other men vanishes in Alaska. The wreckage has never been found, despite a massive search at the time.
- Rioting Maze Prison inmates cause a fire that destroys most of the camp.
- October 17 – Elizabeth II visits Yugoslavia.
- October 25
- October 26 – Following a visit to South Vietnam, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger suggests that "peace is at hand."
- October 28 – The Airbus A300 flies for the first time.
- October 29 – The Black September group hijacks a Lufthansa Boeing 727 over Turkey, demanding the release of 3 comrades still held for the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games.
- October 30
- At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.
- The Nishitetsu Lions baseball club, part of the NPB's Pacific League, is sold to the Fukuoka Baseball Corporation, a subsidiary of Nishi-Nippon Railroad. The team is renamed the Taiheiyo Club Lions.
- November 5 – A group of Amerindians occupies the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- November 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1972: Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern in a landslide (the election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting).
- November 11 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
- November 14 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
- November 16 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopts the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 
- November 19 – Seán Mac Stíofáin, a leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTÉ.
- November 22 – Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
- November 28 – The last executions in Paris, France. Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet – the Clairvaux Mutineers – were guillotined at La Sante Prison by chief executioner Andre Obrecht (already suffering from Parkinson's Disease). Bontems had been found innocent of murder by the court, but as Buffet's accomplice was condemned to death anyway. President Georges Pompidou, in private an abolitionist, upheld both death sentences in deference to French public opinion.
- November 29
- November 30
- Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
- Cod War: British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home says that Royal Navy ships will be stationed to protect British trawlers off Iceland.
- December 2 – Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5 December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War.
- December 7
- December 8
- United Airlines Boeing 737 from Washington National to Chicago Midway crashes short of the runway, killing 43 of 61 passengers and 2 people on the ground.
- Over $10,000 cash is found in the purse of Watergate conspirator Howard Hunt's wife.
- International Human Rights Day is proclaimed by the United Nations.
- December 11 – Apollo 17 lands on the Moon.
- December 14 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th Century.
- December 15
- December 16
- December 19 – Apollo program: Apollo 17 returns to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.
- December 21
- December 22
- Two small earthquakes are felt at about 9:30 and 10:15 local time in Managua, Nicaragua.
- Australia establishes diplomatic relations with China and West Germany.
- A peace delegation that includes singer-activist Joan Baez and human rights attorney Telford Taylor visit Hanoi to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war (they will be caught in the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam).
- December 23
- A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua; President Somoza is later accused of pocketing millions of dollars worth of foreign aid intended for relief.
- The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first ever post-season NFL game, defeating the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that becomes known as The Immaculate Reception.
- December 24 – Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden.
- December 25 – The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon.
- December 26 – Former United States President Harry S. Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri.
- December 28 – The bones of Martin Bormann are identified in Berlin.
- December 29 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashes into the Everglades in Florida, killing 101 of 176 onboard.
- December 31
- The International Year of the Book is designated by UNESCO.
- The last major epidemic of smallpox in Europe breaks out in Yugoslavia.
- The United Kingdom begin to train Special Air Service for anti-terrorist duties.
- The first women are admitted to Dartmouth College.
- Colombian looters find Ciudad Perdida but keep it a secret until the government reveals it in 1975.
- The Yellow River dries up for the first time in known history.
- Worship of Norse gods is officially approved in Iceland.
- The Second Cod War breaks out between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
- The Climatic Research Unit is founded by climatologist Hubert Lamb at the University of East Anglia.
- The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia bans the cultural organization Matica hrvatska, founded in 1842.
- January 1
- January 4 – Brad Zavisha, Canadian ice hockey player
- January 10 – Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
- January 11 – Amanda Peet, American actress
- January 12 – Espen Knutsen, Norwegian hockey player
- January 13
- January 15
- January 16
- Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
- Ang Christou, Australian rules footballer
- Yuri Drozdov, Russian footballer
- Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer
- Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner
- Joe Horn, American football player
- Greg Page, Australian musician and actor
- Alen Peternac, Croatian footballer
- January 17 – Ken Hirai, Japanese singer and songwriter
- January 18 – Mike Lieberthal, American baseball player
- January 19 – Angham, Egyptian singer, record producer and actress
- January 21 – Billel Dziri, Algerian footballer
- January 22 – Romi Park, Japanese voice actress
- January 23
- January 27
- February 2
- February 4 – Giovanni Silva De Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
- February 5
- February 8 – Big Show, American professional wrestler
- February 9 – Norbert Rózsa, Hungarian swimmer
- February 11
- February 14
- February 15 – Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
- February 16 – Jerome Bettis, American football player
- February 17
- February 19 – Malky Mackay, Scottish footballer
- February 21 – Seo Taiji, Korean musician
- February 22
- February 24 – Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (d. 2001)
- February 25 – Jaak Mae, Estonian cross-country skier
- February 29 – Antonio Sabato Jr., Italian actor
- March 3 – Darren Anderton, English footballer
- March 4
- March 6 – Shaquille O'Neal, American basketball player
- March 9
- March 10
- March 17
- March 18 – Dane Cook, American comedian
- March 21
- March 22
- March 23
- March 27
- March 28 – Eby J. Jose, Indian journalist and human rights activist
- March 29 – Junichi Suwabe Japanese voice actor
- March 30 – Karel Poborsky, Czech Republic football player
- April 3 – Jennie Garth, American actress
- April 4 – Tag Adams, American gay pornographic film actor
- April 5 – Junko Takeuchi, Japanese voice actress
- April 8
- Sung Kang, Korean actor
- Ariel Hernandez, Cuban boxer
- April 9 – Bernard Ackah, Ivorian mixed martial artist and comedian
- April 11 – Jason Varitek, American baseball player
- April 12 – Şebnem Ferah, Turkish singer and song-writer
- April 13 – Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
- April 15 – Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer (d. 2009)
- April 16 – Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player
- April 17
- April 19 – Rivaldo, Brazilian footballer
- April 20
- Carmen Electra, American actress and singer
- Le Huynh Đuc, Vietnamese footballer
- April 23 – Choky Ice, Hungarian porn actor
- April 24
- April 26 – Avi Nimni, Israeli footballer
- May 1 – Julie Benz, American actress
- May 2
- May 4 – Mike Dirnt, American rock musician and bassist (Green Day)
- May 5 – James Cracknell, British Olympic winning rower
- May 6
- May 8 – Darren Hayes, Australian musician
- May 10
- May 16 – Derek Mears, American actor/stuntman
- May 17 – Tyson Cane, American gay pornographic actor
- May 19
- May 20
- May 21 – The Notorious B.I.G., American musician (d. 1997)
- May 23 – Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian race car driver
- May 25 – Jules Jordan, American pornographic movie director, actor, and producer
- May 28 – Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
- May 29 – Stanislas Renoult, French singer
- May 30
- May 31
- June 2 – Wayne Brady, American comedian
- June 4
- June 5
- June 6 – Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer
- June 7 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
- June 8 – Chapman To, Hong Kong actor
- June 10 – Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
- June 14 – Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist
- June 15 – Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
- June 17 – Iztok Čop, Slovenian rower
- June 18 – Roger "Infernus" Tiegs, Norwegian black metal musician, original member of Gorgoroth
- June 19 – Poppy Montgomery, Australian actress
- June 21 – Irene van Dyk, South African–born netball player
- June 22 – Miguel Del Toro, Mexican baseball player
- June 23 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
- June 24
- June 25 – Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
- June 28 – John Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
- June 29
- July 3 – Asha Gill, British-born television host
- July 4
- July 6 – Mark Gasser, British concert pianist
- July 7
- July 8 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
- July 10 – Sofía Vergara, Columbian-American actress and former TV personality/model
- July 13 – Sean Waltman, American professional wrestler
- July 21 – Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan long-distance runner
- July 22 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
- July 23 – Marlon Wayans, American actor, comedian and producer
- July 26 – Nathan Buckley, Australian rules footballer
- July 27
- July 28 – Elizabeth Berkley, American actress
- July 29 – Wil Wheaton, American actor
- July 31 – Tami Stronach, Iranian-born dancer and former actress
- August 1
- August 2 – Kelly Richardson, Canadian contemporary artist
- August 3 – Patrik Isaksson, Swedish singer and songwriter
- August 6 – Geri Halliwell, British pop singer
- August 7
- August 9 – A-Mei, Taiwanese singer
- August 10 – Angie Harmon, American actress
- August 11 – Jonathon Prandi, American model and actor
- August 12 – Demir Demirkan, Turkish rock musician and songwriter
- August 13 – Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
- August 14 – Ed O'Bannon, American basketball player
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – Ken Ryker, American pornographic actor
- August 18 – Leo Ku, Hong Kong actor and singer
- August 19 – Sammi Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actress
- August 20 – Chaney Kley, American actor (d. 2007)
- August 22 – Jonathan Coachman, American World Wrestling Entertainment announcer
- August 25 – Marvin Harrison, American football player
- August 27 – Mike Smith, Canadian actor
- August 29 – Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
- August 30
- August 31 – Chris Tucker, American actor
- September 2 – Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (d. 2004)
- September 3 – Kim Joo-hyuk, South Korean actor
- September 4 – Françoise Yip, Chinese-Canadian actress
- September 6 – Anika Noni Rose, American actress
- September 7 – Sean Daley, American Hip-Hop Musician (Atmosphere)
- September 8
- September 9 – Natasha Kaplinsky, English newsreader
- September 10
- September 12 – Budi Putra, Indonesian journalist, writer and blogger
- September 13 – Kelly Chen, Hong Kong actress and singer
- September 15 – Jimmy Carr, British comedian
- September 16 – Sprent Dabwido, Nauruan politician
- September 17 – Bobby Lee, American comedian
- September 19
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23 – Karl Pilkington, English radio producer
- September 24 – Karyn Bosnak, American author
- September 27
- September 28 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
- September 30
- October 1 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
- October 2 – Konstantinos Papadakis, Greek pianist
- October 4 – Van Darkholme, Vietnamese-American gay pornographic actor, director, and photographer
- October 5
- Grant Hill, American basketball player
- Aaron Guiel, Canadian baseball player
- October 6
- Ko So-young, South Korean actress
- Anders Iwers, Swedish musician
- October 9 – Etan Patz, American missing schoolboy
- October 10 – Jun Lana, Filipino playwright and screenwriter
- October 11 – Claudia Black, Australian actress
- October 12 – Mechele Linehan, American murderer
- October 17
- October 21
- October 22 – D'Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
- October 24
- October 27
- October 28
- October 29
- October 31 – Matt Dawson, English rugby player and TV personality
- November 1
- November 2
- Vladimir Vorobiev, Russian ice hockey player
- Samantha Womack, British actress
- November 4 – Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
- November 6
- November 7 – Danny Grewcock, British rugby player
- November 8 – Gretchen Mol, American actress
- November 9
- November 10 – Shawn Green, American baseball player
- November 11 – Ben Richards, British actor (The Bill)
- November 13 – Takuya Kimura, Japanese actor
- November 14
- November 23 – Alf-Inge Haaland, Norwegian footballer
- November 28 – Jesper Strömblad, Swedish musician
- November 29 – Andreas Goldberger, Austrian ski jumper
- November 30 – Christopher Fitzgerald, American stage actor
- December 5 – Cole Youngblood, American pornographic actor
- December 6 – Mónica Santa María, Peruvian model and TV host (d. 1994)
- December 7
- December 9 – Tré Cool, American rock musician and drummer (Green Day)
- December 10 – Brian Molko, American musician (Placebo)
- December 11 – Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish NHL hockey player
- December 12
- December 13 – Chris Grant, Australian footballer
- December 15 – Rodney Harrison, American football player
- December 16 – Angela Bloomfield, New Zealand actress
- December 19
- December 22 – Vanessa Paradis, French singer and actress
- December 24 – Klaus Schnellenkamp, German-Chilean author
- December 25 – Qu Yunxia, Chinese middle-distance runner
- December 27 – Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby player
- December 28 – Patrick Rafter, Australian tennis player
- December 29 – Jude Law, British actor
- December 30 – Kerry Collins, American football player
- December 31 – Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer
- January 1 – Maurice Chevalier, French entertainer (b. 1888)
- January 6 – Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (b. 1901)
- January 7 – John Berryman, American poet and scholar (b. 1914)
- January 8
- January 9 – Ted Shawn, American dancer (b. 1891)
- January 10 – Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
- January 14 – King Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1899)
- January 16 – Ross Bagdasarian, Sr., American record producer (Alvin and the Chipmunks) (b. 1919)
- January 17
- January 18 – Clarence Earl Gideon, Defendant during civil rights court case (Gideon v. Wainwright) (b. 1910)
- January 24 – Jerome Cowan, American actor (b. 1897)
- January 26 – Mahalia Jackson, African-American gospel singer (b. 1911)
- February 2 – Jessie Royce Landis, American actress (b. 1896)
- February 3 – John Litel, American actor (b. 1892)
- February 5 – Marianne Moore, American poet (b. 1887)
- February 7 – Walter Lang, American film director (b. 1896)
- February 11 – Jan Wils, Dutch architect (b. 1891)
- February 19 – John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
- February 20
- February 21 – Zhang Guohua, Chinese general and politician (b. 1914)
- February 22 – Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906)
- February 27 – Pat Brady, American actor (b. 1914)
- March 13 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
- March 20 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
- March 21 – David McCallum, Sr., British violinist and father of actor David McCallum (b. 1897)
- March 24 – Cristobal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (b. 1895)
- March 27
- March 29 – J. Arthur Rank, British industrialist and film producer (b. 1888)
- April 2 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player (b. 1924)
- April 3 – Ferde Grofé, American composer (b. 1882)
- April 4
- April 5
- April 7
- April 8 – Andrea Feldman, American actress (b. 1948)
- April 9 – James F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State and Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1879)
- April 11 – George H. Plympton, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
- April 13 – Dorothy Dalton, American actress (b. 1893)
- April 16 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- April 25 – George Sanders, British actor (b. 1906)
- April 26 – Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
- April 27 – Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian politician (b. 1909)
- April 30 – Gia Scala, English actress (b. 1934)
- May 2 – J. Edgar Hoover, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (b. 1895)
- May 3 – Bruce Cabot, American actor (b. 1904)
- May 4 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
- May 5
- May 6 – Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish revolutionary (b. 1947)
- May 13 – Dan Blocker, American actor (Bonanza) (b. 1928)
- May 18 – Sidney Franklin, American film director (b. 1893)
- May 22
- May 23 – Richard Day, Canadian art director (b. 1896)
- May 24
- May 28 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)
- May 31 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)
- June 12
- June 13
- June 22 – Vladimir Durković, Serbian footballer (b. 1937)
- June 25 – Jan Matulka, American painter, (b. 1890)
- July 2 – Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
- July 6 – Brandon De Wilde, American actor (b. 1942)
- July 7 – King Talal, King of Jordan (b. 1909)
- July 21 – Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
- July 24 – Lance Reventlow, American playboy and race car driver (b. 1936)
- July 28 – Helen Traubel, American soprano (b. 1903)
- August 7
- August 11 – Max Theiler, South African virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- August 14 – Oscar Levant, American pianist and actor (b. 1906)
- August 16 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
- August 19 – James Patterson, American actor (b. 1932)
- August 26 – Francis Chichester, British sailor and aviator (b. 1901)
- August 28 – Prince William of Gloucester (b. 1941)
- September 5 (Munich massacre):
- September 6 (Munich massacre):
- Luttif Afif and four other Palestinian terrorists
- David Mark Berger, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
- Ze'ev Friedman, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
- Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestling referee (b. 1932)
- Eliezer Halfin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1948)
- Amitzur Shapira, Israeli athletics coach (b. 1932)
- Kehat Shorr, Israeli shooting coach (b. 1919)
- Mark Slavin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1954)
- Andre Spitzer, Israeli fencing coach (b. 1945)
- Yakov Springer, Israeli weightlifting judge (b. c. 1921)
- September 8 – Warren Kealoha, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1904)
- September 11 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
- September 12 – William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
- September 14 – Lane Chandler, American actor (b. 1899)
- September 15 – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
- September 17 – Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (b. 1899)
- September 19 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
- September 21 – Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
- September 26
- October 1 – Louis Leakey, British paleontologist (b. 1903)
- October 5 – Ivan Yefremov, Soviet paleontologist and science fiction author (b. 1907)
- October 9 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
- October 16 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1886)
- October 20 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (b. 1885)
- October 24
- October 26 – Igor Sikorsky, Russian aviation engineer (b. 1889)
- October 28 – Mitchell Leisen, American film director (b. 1898)
- October 29 – Victor Milner, American cinematographer (b. 1893)
- November 1 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
- November 5 – Reginald Owen, English actor (b. 1887)
- November 12 – Rudolf Friml, Czech composer (b. 1879)
- November 13 – Margaret Webster, American actress (b. 1905)
- November 14 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (b. 1900)
- November 18 – Danny Whitten, American musician (b. 1943)
- November 23 – Marie Wilson, American actress (b. 1916)
- November 25 – Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886)
- November 28 – Havergal Brian, English composer (b. 1876)
- November 29 – Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1891)
- November 30 – Hans Erich Apostel, Austrian composer (b. 1901)
- December 2
- December 3 – Bill Johnson, American musician (b. 1872)
- December 6 – Janet Munro, British actress (b. 1934)
- December 9
- December 15 – Edward Earle, Canadian actor (b. 1882)
- December 21 – Paul Hausser, German Waffen SS general (b. 1880)
- December 22 – Jimmy Wallington, American radio personality (b. 1907)
- December 24
- December 25 – C. Rajagopalachari, Indian politician and freedom-fighter. Last Governor-General of India (1948–50) (b. 1878)
- December 26 – Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States (b. 1884)
- December 27 – Lester B. Pearson, 14th Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1897)
- December 31 – Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (b. 1934)
- Physics – John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer
- Chemistry – Christian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William H. Stein
- Physiology or Medicine – Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
- Literature – Heinrich Böll
- Peace – not awarded
- Economics – John Hicks, Kenneth Arrow
- ^ a b CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict – 1972
- ^ "Claudy bomb: conspiracy allowed IRA priest to go free". BBC News Northern Ireland. 2010-08-24. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-11061296. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- ^ Observation of Meteoroid Impacts by Space-Based Sensors astrosociety.org, 1998, 'Apollo asteroid about ten meters in diameter'
- ^ Full Text – Proclamation 1081
- ^ "Crash at Farrell's". http://www.check-six.com/Crash_Sites/Sabrejet_crash_site.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- ^ Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Middle East annual review, (1975), p.229
- ^ Jackson, David A.; Symons, Robert H.; and Berg, Paul. (1972). Biochemical Method for Inserting New Genetic Information into DNA of Simian Virus 40: Circular SV40 DNA Molecules Containing Lambda Phage Genes and the Galactose Operon of Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) 69(10), 2904–2909.
- ^ http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=182
- ^ http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/book/nov29.html
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