Prince William of Gloucester


Prince William of Gloucester

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Prince William
title =Prince William of Gloucester
full name =William Henry Andrew Frederick
titles ="HRH" Prince William of Gloucester
royal house =House of Windsor
father =Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
mother =Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
date of birth =birth date|1941|12|18|df=y
place of birth =Barnet, Hertfordshire
date of christening =22 February 1942
place of christening =



imgw =150
caption =Prince William's coat of arms|

Prince William of Gloucester (William Henry Andrew Frederick; 18 December 1941 - 28 August 1972) was a member of the British royal family, a grandson of George V.

Early life

Prince William was born at Hadley Common [Royal Children by Charles Kidd & Patrick Montague-Smith] , Hertfordshire. His father was Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1900-1974), the third eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. His mother was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901-2004), the third daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch. As a grandson of the British Monarch in the male line, he was styled Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with the style "His Royal Highness".

He was baptised in the Private Chapel at Windsor Castle and on 22 February 1942 by Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury. His godparents were: The King, Queen Mary, The Viscount Gort, Lord William Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein and Lady Margaret Hawkins. Because of the war, newspapers did not identify the actual location of the christening, and said instead that it took place at "a private chapel in the country".The Times, 23 February 1942]

In 1947, Prince William was a page boy for his cousin The Princess Elizabeth at her wedding to Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. [http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/page6118.asp Royal.gov.uk – 60 Facts, Fact 9] ] The other page boy was Prince Michael of Kent.

Prince William spent his early childhood at Barnwell Manor in Northamptonshire and later in Australia, where his father served as Governor-General from 1945 to 1947. He received his education at Wellesley House Preparatory School, Broadstairs, Kent, and at Eton College. After leaving Eton in 1960, he went to Magdalene College, Cambridge to read history, earning himself a BA degree. Subsequently, he was awarded an MA (Cantab.) degree in 1968.

In 1953, Prince William attended the coronation of his cousin, Elizabeth II.

Career

After graduating in 1963, he spent a post-baccalaureate year at Stanford University studying political science, American history, and business. Upon returning to Britain, he took a position with Lazards, a merchant bank.

Prince William was the second member of the British Royal Family to work in the civil service or the diplomatic service (the first was his late uncle, Prince George, Duke of Kent in the 1920s). He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1965 and was posted to Lagos as the third secretary to the British High Commission. In 1968, he transferred to Tokyo to accept the post of second secretary (commercial) in the British Embassy. In 1970, the Duke of Gloucester's health began to fail and Prince William was diagnosed as suffering from porphyria. Prince William resigned from the diplomatic service and returned to Britain. For the next two years, he managed Barnwell Manor and began to carry out public duties as a member of the royal family.

Prince William served on some occasions as Counsellor of State in the absence of his cousin, the Queen.

Later life

A certified pilot, he owned several aircraft and competed in several air shows. He died when the plane he was piloting crashed at Halfpenny Green, near Wolverhampton. ["BBC News", 1972. " [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/28/newsid_2536000/2536275.stm Prince William killed in plane crash] ."] He was buried at Frogmore Royal Burial Ground. The comprehensive school in Oundle, which he opened in 1971, was renamed Prince William School in his memory.

Prince William was the heir-apparent of his father's peerages, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, and Baron Culloden. Upon his death, his younger brother Prince Richard of Gloucester became heir-apparent and succeeded to these peerages in 1974.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*18 December 194128 August 1972: "His Royal Highness" Prince William of Gloucester

Honours

*Counsellor of State, "1962-1971"

Arms

For his twenty-first birthday, in 1962, Prince William was granted the use of the Royal Arms, differenced with a label argent of five points, the outer pair and central point bearing lions gules, the inner pair crosses gules. [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Heraldica – British Royal Cadency] ]

Ancestry

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1= 1. Prince William of Gloucester
2= 2. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
3= 3. Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott
4= 4. George V of the United Kingdom
5= 5. Princess Mary of Teck
6= 6. John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch
7= 7. Margaret Bridgeman
8= 8. Edward VII of the United Kingdom
9= 9. Princess Alexandra of Denmark
10= 10. Francis, Duke of Teck
11= 11. Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
12= 12. William Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch
13= 13. Louisa Jane Hamilton
14= 14. George Bridgeman, 4th Earl of Bradford
15= 15. Ida Frances Annabella Lumley
16= 16. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
17= 17. Victoria of the United Kingdom
18= 18. Christian IX of Denmark
19= 19. Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
20= 20. Duke Alexander of Württemberg
21= 21. Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde
22= 22. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
23= 23. Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
24= 24. Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch
25= 25. Charlotte Anne Thynne
26= 26. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn
27= 27. Louisa Jane Russell
28= 28. Orlando Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford
29= 29. Selina Louisa Forester
30= 30. Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough
31= 31. Frederica Mary Adeliza Drummond

References


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