January 8


January 8

Events

* 871 - Battle of Ashdown - Ethelred of Wessex defeats a Danish invasion army.
*1297 - Monaco gains its independence.
*1499 - Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany.
*1734 - Premiere of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
*1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
*1790 - George Washington delivers the first State of the Union Address address in New York City.
*1806 - Cape Colony becomes a British colony.
*1811 - An unsuccessful slave revolt was led by Charles Deslandes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
*1815 - War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans - Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British.
*1835 - The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
*1838 - Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).
*1863 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
*1867 - African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
*1877 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).
*1900 - President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
*1906 - A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
*1912 - The African National Congress is founded.
*1916 - World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.
*1918 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I.
*1926 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes the King of Hejaz and renames it Saudi Arabia.
*1940 - World War II: Britain introduces food rationing.
*1956 - Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
*1959 - Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution is completed with the take over of Santiago de Cuba.
*1961 - In France, a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies in Algeria.
*1962 - Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" is exhibited in the United States for the first time at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
* 1962 - The Harmelen train disaster kills 93 people in The Netherlands.
*1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a "War on Poverty" in the United States.
*1973 - Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched.
* 1973 - Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins.
*1975 - Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States who did not succeed her husband.
*1979 - The tanker "Betelgeuse" explodes in Bantry Bay, Ireland (The Betelgeuse incident).
*1982 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.
*1989 - The Kegworth air disaster. British Midland flight 92 crashes into the M1 motorway killing 47 people out of 127 onboard.
* 1989 - Beginning of Japanese Heisei era.
*1994 - Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.
*1996 - An Antonov 32 cargo turboprop powered plane crashes into the central market in Kinshasa, Zaire killing more than 350 people.
*2002 - President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.
*2004 - The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
*2006 - A magnitude 6.9 earthquake with its epicenter just off the Greek island of Kythira hits much of the country and is felt throughout the entire eastern Mediterranean Sea.
*2008 - New Jersey officially apologizes for slavery, becoming the first Northern state to do so.

Births

*1556 - Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
*1583 - Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (d. 1643)
*1587 - Johannes Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1616)
*1601 - Baltasar Gracián y Morales, Spanish writer (d. 1658)
*1628 - François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxembourg, French general (d. 1695)
*1632 - Samuel Pufendorf, German jurist (d. 1694)
*1635 - Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop (d. 1709)
*1735 - John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
*1763 - Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat (d. 1834)
*1786 - Nicholas Biddle, American banking executive (d. 1844)
*1788 - Archduke Rudolph of Austria (d. 1831)
* 1788 - Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (d. 1874)
*1792 - Lowell Mason, American composer (d. 1872)
*1805 - John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
* 1805 - Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
*1812 - Sigismond Thalberg, French pianist and composer (d. 1871)
*1817 - Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman (d. 1893)
*1821 - James Longstreet, American Confederate general (d. 1904)
* 1821 - W.H.L. Wallace, American Union general (d. 1862)
*1823 - Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (d. 1913)
*1824 - Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (d. 1861)
* 1824 - Wilkie Collins, British novelist (d. 1889)
*1830 - Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
*1836 - Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch artist (d. 1912)
*1843 - Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
* 1843 - John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
*1852 - James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
*1860 - Emma Booth, daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1903)
*1862 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (d. 1934)
*1864 - Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
*1866 - William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
*1867 - Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1961)
*1870 - Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1930)
*1871 - James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
*1873 - Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
* 1873 - Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
*1881 - Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
*1883 - Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
* 1883 - Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
*1885 - John Curtin, Australian politician (d. 1945)
* 1885 - A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)
*1888 - Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
* 1888 - Matthew Moore, Irish-American actor (d. 1960)
*1891 - Walther Bothe, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (d. 1957)
* 1891 - Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
* 1891 - Bronislava Nijinska, Russian choreographer (d. 1972)
*1894 - St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
*1896 - Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
* 1896 - Jaromir Weinberger, Czech-American composer (d. 1967)
*1897 - Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
*1899 - Solomon Bandaranaike, Ceylonese Prime Minister (d. 1959)
*1900 - Dame Merlyn Myer, Australian philanthropist (d. 1982)
*1902 - Georgy Malenkov, Soviet politician (d. 1988)
* 1902 - Carl Rogers, American psychologist (d. 1987)
*1903 - Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist (d. 1960)
*1904 - Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
*1905 - Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer (d. 1988)
* 1905 - Franjo Cardinal Seper, Croatian Catholic cardinal (d. 1981)
*1908 - William Hartnell, British actor (d. 1975)
*1909 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)
* 1909 - Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999)
* 1909 - Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
*1910 - Galina Sergeyevna Ulanova, Russian ballerina (d. 1988)
*1911 - Tom Delaney, British racing driver (d. 2006)
*1915 - Walker Cooper, American baseball player (d. 1991)
*1921 - Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard
*1922 - Abbey Simon, U.S. pianist
*1923 - Larry Storch, American actor
* 1923 - Giorgio Tozzi, American bass
* 1923 - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
* 1923 - Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American author and computer scientist (d. 2008)
*1924 - Benjamin Lees, American composer
* 1924 - Ron Moody, English actor
*1925 - Helmuth Hubener, German activist (d. 1942)
*1926 - Evelyn Lear, American soprano
* 1926 - Kelucharan Mohapatra, Indian Odissi dancer (d. 2004)
* 1926 - Hanae Mori, Japanese fashion designer
* 1926 - Soupy Sales, American comedian
*1927 - Charles Tomlinson, British poet and translator
*1928 - Gaston Miron, Quebec poet and editor (d. 1996)
* 1928 - Slade Gorton, former American politician
*1929 - Saeed Jaffrey, Indian actor
*1931 - Bill Graham, German-born American music promoter (d. 1991)
*1933 - Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator
* 1933 - Jean-Marie Straub, French film director
* 1933 - Ko Un, Korean poet
*1934 - Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (d. 1987)
* 1934 - Gene Freese, American baseball player
* 1934 - Roy Kinnear, English actor (d. 1988)
* 1934 - Alexandra Ripley, American writer (d. 2004)
*1935 - Elvis Presley, American singer and guitarist (d. 1977)
*1936 - Zdeněk Mácal, Czech conductor
* 1936 - Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist
*1937 - Dame Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
*1938 - Bob Eubanks, American game show host
* 1938 - Yevgeny Nesterenko, Russian bass-baritone
*1941 - Graham Chapman, British comedian (d. 1989)
* 1941 - Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator
*1942 - Valya Balkanska, Bulgarian folk singer
* 1942 - Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist and author
* 1942 - Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician
* 1942 - Yvette Mimieux, American actress
*1944 - Terry Brooks, American writer
*1945 - Jeannie Lewis, Australian actress and singer
* 1945 - Kojo Nnamdi, Guyanese-born American radio host
* 1945 - Kathleen Noone, American actress
*1946 - Robby Krieger, American musician
*1947 - Don Bendell, American author & karate master
* 1947 - David Bowie, English musician
* 1947 - Samuel Schmid, Swiss politician
* 1947 - Terry Sylvester, British singer and musician
*1948 - Gillies MacKinnon, Scottish film director
*1951 - Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician
* 1951 - John McTiernan, American film director
*1952 - Vladimir Feltsman, Russian-American pianist
*1953 - Bruce Sutter, American baseball player
*1955 - Spiros Livathinos, Greek footballer
* 1955 - Mike Reno, Canadian musician
*1957 - Nacho Duato, Spanish classical dancer and choreographer
*1958 - Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican wrestler
*1959 - Paul Hester, Australian drummer (d. 2005)
*1961 - Calvin Smith, American athlete
* 1961 - Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh
*1962 - Chris Marion, American musician
*1965 - Michelle Forbes, American actress
*1966 - Igor Vyazmikin, Russian ice hockey player
* 1966 - Andrew Wood, American musician (d. 1990)
*1967 - R. Kelly, American singer
*1968 - Keith Mullings, American boxer
*1969 - Jeff Abercrombie, American musician
* 1969 - Ami Dolenz, American actress
*1970 - Rachel Friend, Australian actress
*1971 - Jason Giambi, American baseball player
* 1971 - Pascal Zuberbühler, Swiss footballer
*1973 - Mark Knight, English sound designer
* 1973 - Sean Paul, Jamaican singer
* 1973 - Jason Stevens, Australian rugby league footballer
*1975 - DJ Clue, American DJ and producer
* 1975 - Harris Jayaraj, Indian music composer
*1976 - Jenny Lewis, American actress and musician
* 1976 - Josh Meyers, American actor
* 1976 - Carl Pavano, American baseball player
* 1976 - Brad Snyder, Canadian shot putter
*1977 - Amber Benson, American actress
* 1977 - Ron Pederson, Canadian actor
* 1977 - Lee Yoo-jin, Korean actress
*1978 - Boris Avrukh, Israeli chess grandmaster
* 1978 - Marco Fu, Hong Kong snooker player
*1979 - Seol Ki-Hyeon, South Korean footballer
* 1979 - Adrian Mutu, Romanian footballer
* 1979 - Sarah Polley, Canadian actress
* 1979 - Stipe Pletikosa, Croatian footballer
*1980 - Rachel Nichols, American actress
*1981 - Jeff Francis, Canadian baseball player
* 1981 - Xie Xingfang, Chinese badminton player
*1982 - Emanuele Calaiò, Italian footballer
* 1982 - wiL Francis, American singer
* 1982 - Gaby Hoffmann, American actress
* 1982 - John Utaka, Nigerian footballer
*1983 - Chris Mordetzky, American wrestler
* 1983 - Felipe Colombo, Argentine-Mexican actor and singer
*1984 - Jeff Francoeur, American baseball player
*1985 - Rachael Lampa, American singer
*1986 - Jaclyn Linetsky, Canadian actress (d. 2003)
* 1986 - David Silva, Spanish footballer
*1988 - Adam T. Siska, American musician
*1990 - Maci Wainwright, American singer
*1991 - Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer

Deaths

* 482 - Saint Severinus of Noricum
*1100 - Antipope Clement III (bc. 1029)
*1107 - Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
*1198 - Pope Celestine III (bc. 1106)
*1324 - Marco Polo, Italian explorer (b. 1254)
*1337 - Giotto di Bondone, Italian artist (b. 1267)
*1456 - St Lawrence Justinian, Italian bishop and first Patriarch of Venice (b. 1381)
*1464 - Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
*1557 - Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (b. 1522)
*1570 - Philibert de l'Orme, French architect (bc. 1510)
*1598 - John George, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1525)
*1642 - Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and scientist (b. 1564)
*1707 - John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
*1713 - Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (b. 1653)
*1775 - John Baskerville, English printer (b. 1706)
*1789 - Jack Broughton, English boxer (bc. 1703)
*1794 - Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
*1815 - Edward Pakenham, British general (b. 1778)
*1825 - Eli Whitney, American inventor (b. 1765)
*1854 - William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)
*1865 - Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)
*1874 - Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
*1878 - Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
*1880 - Joshua A. Norton, American eccentric (b. 1811)
*1896 - William Rainey Marshall, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
* 1896 - Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
*1901 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
*1916 - Ada Rehan, Irish-born American actress (b. 1860)
* 1916 - Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
*1918 - Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
*1932 - Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (b. 1866)
*1934 - Andrei Bely, Russian writer (b. 1880)
* 1934 - Serge Stavisky, French financier and embezzler (b. 1886)
*1938 - Johnny Gruelle, Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
*1941 - Robert Baden-Powell, English founder of scouting (b. 1857)
*1942 - Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
*1943 - Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)
*1944 - William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
*1945 - Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
*1948 - Kurt Schwitters, German painter (b. 1887)
* 1948 - Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
*1950 - Joseph Schumpeter, Austrian economist (b. 1883)
*1953 - Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
*1956 - Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary (b. 1928)
*1958 - Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
*1963 - Kay Sage, American artist and poet (b. 1898)
*1967 - Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor (b. 1927)
*1969 - Albert Hill, British athlete (b. 1889)
*1970 - Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)
*1972 - Kenneth Patchen, American poet (b. 1911)
*1975 - John Gregson, English actor (b. 1919)
* 1975 - Richard Tucker, American tenor (b. 1913)
*1976 - Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
* 1976 - Robert Forgan, British fascist (b. 1891)
*1979 - Sara Carter, American country musician (b. 1898)
*1980 - John Mauchly, American physicist (b. 1907)
*1981 - Matthew "Stymie" Beard, American actor (b. 1925)
*1982 - Grégoire Aslan, Armenian actor (b. 1908)
*1983 - Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
* 1983 - Ron Frazer, Australian actor (b. 1924)
* 1983 - Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
*1986 - Pierre Fournier, French cellist (b. 1906)
*1990 - Terry-Thomas, British actor, comedian (b. 1911)
*1991 - Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (b. 1960)
*1994 - Pat Buttram, American actor (b. 1915)
* 1994 - Harvey Haddix, American baseball player (b. 1925)
*1995 - Carlos Monzon, Argentinian boxer (b. 1942)
*1996 - John Hargreaves, Australian actor (b. 1945)
* 1996 - François Mitterrand, President of France (b. 1916)
* 1996 - Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (b. 1907)
*1997 - Melvin Calvin, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
*1998 - Michael Tippett, English composer (b. 1905)
*2000 - Derrick Thomas, American football player (b. 1967)
* 2000 - Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrianist (b. 1918)
*2002 - Alexander Prochorow, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (b. 1916)
* 2002 - Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1932)
*2003 - Ron Goodwin, British composer and conductor (b. 1925)
*2004 - John A. Gambling, American radio talk-show host (b. 1930)
*2005 - Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (b. 1952)
* 2005 - Warren Spears, American choreographer and dancer
* 2005 - Michel Thomas, Polish linguist (b. 1914)
*2006 - Tony Banks, British politician (b. 1943)
*2007 - Jane Bolin, first African American female judge (b. 1908)
* 2007 - Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (b. 1922)
* 2007 - Francis Cockfield, British politician (b. 1916)
* 2007 - David Ervine, Northern Irish politician (b. 1953)
* 2007 - Iwao Takamoto, American animator (b. 1925)
*2008 - George Moore, Australian champion jockey (b. 1923)
* 2008 - Clyde Otis, American song writer and music producer (b. c. 1924)

Holidays and observances

* Commonwealth Day is celebrated in the Northern Mariana Islands.
*The feast day of Our Lady of Prompt Succor in the Roman Catholic Church.
*January 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
*St. Abo of Tiflis
*St. Apollinaris, Bishop of Hierapolis, 2nd Century.
*St. Gudula
*St. Lucian of Beauvais
*St. Pega
*St. Severinus
*St. Thorfinn

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/8 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jan&day=08 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • January — is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the coolest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of… …   Wikipedia

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