1944


1944
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years: 1941 1942 194319441945 1946 1947
1944 by topic:
Subject
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtAviation – Awards – ComicsFilmLiterature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transportRadioScienceSpaceflightSportsTelevision
By country
AustraliaCanada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – IndiaIreland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA
Leaders
Sovereign statesState leadersReligious leaders – Law
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
Works and introductions categories
Works – Introductions
v · d · e
1944 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1944
MCMXLIV
Ab urbe condita 2697
Armenian calendar 1393
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԳ
Assyrian calendar 6694
Bahá'í calendar 100 – 101
Bengali calendar 1351
Berber calendar 2894
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 9 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2488
Burmese calendar 1306
Byzantine calendar 7452 – 7453
Chinese calendar 癸未年十二月初六日
(4580/4640-12-6)
— to —
甲申年十一月十七日
(4581/4641-11-17)
Coptic calendar 1660 – 1661
Ethiopian calendar 1936 – 1937
Hebrew calendar 5704 – 5705
Hindu calendars
 - Bikram Samwat 2000 – 2001
 - Shaka Samvat 1866 – 1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045 – 5046
Holocene calendar 11944
Iranian calendar 1322 – 1323
Islamic calendar 1363 – 1364
Japanese calendar Shōwa 19
(昭和19年)
Korean calendar 4277
Minguo calendar ROC 33
民國33年
Thai solar calendar 2487
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Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944.

February

The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944.

March

The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

April

May

The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, 1 May 1944.

June

Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.
LVTs heading for shore on 15 June 1944 during the Battle of Saipan.
  • June – German V-2 rockets on test from Peenemünde become the first man-made objects to enter space.
  • June 1 – WWII: The BBC transmits a coded message (the first line of the poem "Chanson d'automne" by Paul Verlaine) to underground resistance fighters in France, warning that the invasion of Europe is imminent.
  • June 2 – WWII: The provisional French government is established.
  • June 4 – WWII:
    • A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505, marking the first time a U.S. Navy vessel has captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
    • Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.
  • June 5 – WWII:
    • More than 1,000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
    • At 10:15 p.m. local time, the BBC transmits the second line of the Paul Verlaine poem to the underground resistance, indicating that the invasion of Europe is about to begin.
    • The German navy's Enigma messages are decoded almost in real time.
    • US and British paratrooper divisions jump over Normandy, in preparation for D-Day. All including 82nd and 101st Airborne divisions of the United States.
  • June 6 – WWII – Battle of Normandy: Operation Overlord, commonly known as D-Day, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The Allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland, in the largest amphibious military operation in history. This operation helps liberate France from Germany, and also weakens the Nazi hold on Europe.
  • June 7 – WWII:
    • The steamer Danae (Greek: Δανάη) carrying 350 Cretan Jews and 250 Cretans on the first leg of their way to Auschwitz was sunk without survivors off the shore of Santorini.
    • Bayeux is liberated by British troops.
  • June 9 – WWII: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin launches the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive against Finland, with the intent of defeating Finland before pushing for Berlin.
  • June 10 – WWII: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
  • June 13 – WWII: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England.
  • June 15 – WWII:
  • June 17Iceland declares full independence from Denmark.
  • June 19 – A severe storm badly damages the Mulberry harbours on the Normandy coast.
  • June 22 – WWII:
  • June 25 – WWII: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala (the largest battle ever in the Nordic countries) begins between Finnish and Soviet troops. Finland is able to resist the attack and thus manages to stay as an independent nation.
  • June 26 – WWII: American troops enter Cherbourg.
  • June 29The Holocaust – The deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz and other Nazi concentration camps begins.

July

The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler.

August

Szare Szeregi Scouts also fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka liberated by Polish soldiers from Batalion Zośka, 5 August 1944
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the Liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944.

September

Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

October

The light aircraft carrier Princeton afire, east of Luzon, 24 October 1944.
The Volkssturm were founded in October 1944.
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, 20 October 1944.

November

December

Victims of the Malmedy massacre.
George Marshall becomes the first Five-Star General on December 16, 1944.

Date unknown

Henry Larsen became the first person to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage in 1944.

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal dsc06171.png

References

  1. ^ a b "Year by Year 1944" – History Channel International
  2. ^ Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996) (in German). Me 262. Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 3-925505-21-0. 
  3. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  4. ^ Van der Zee, Henri A. (1982). The Hunger Winter: Occupied Holland 1944–5. London: Norman & Hobhouse. ISBN 978-0-906908-71-6. 
  5. ^ Gile, Chester A. (February 1963). "The Mount Hood Explosion". Proceedings (United States Naval Institute). 
  6. ^ Reed, John (1977). "Largest Wartime Explosions: 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, Staffs. November 27, 1944". After the Battle 18: 35–40. ISSN 0306-154X. 
  7. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  8. ^ "The Sinking of SS Leopoldville". uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/history/leopoldville.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 

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