Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s – 1940s – 1950s 1960s 1970s Years: 1941 1942 1943 – 1944 – 1945 1946 1947 1944 by topic: Subject Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Aviation – Awards – Comics – Film – Literature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transport – Radio – Science – Spaceflight – Sports – Television By country Australia – Canada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – India – Ireland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA Leaders Sovereign states – State leaders – Religious leaders – Law Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works and introductions categories Works – Introductions 1944 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1944
Ab urbe condita 2697 Armenian calendar 1393
Assyrian calendar 6694 Bahá'í calendar 100 – 101 Bengali calendar 1351 Berber calendar 2894 British Regnal year 8 Geo. 6 – 9 Geo. 6 Buddhist calendar 2488 Burmese calendar 1306 Byzantine calendar 7452 – 7453 Chinese calendar 癸未年十二月初六日
(4580/4640-12-6)— to —甲申年十一月十七日
Coptic calendar 1660 – 1661 Ethiopian calendar 1936 – 1937 Hebrew calendar 5704 – 5705 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 2000 – 2001 - Shaka Samvat 1866 – 1867 - Kali Yuga 5045 – 5046 Holocene calendar 11944 Iranian calendar 1322 – 1323 Islamic calendar 1363 – 1364 Japanese calendar Shōwa 19
Korean calendar 4277 Minguo calendar ROC 33
Thai solar calendar 2487
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
- January 4 – WWII: The Battle of Monte Cassino begins.
- January 5 – The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
- January 8 – WWII: Philippine Commonwealth troops enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese forces.
- January 11 – US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes a Second Bill of Rights for social and economic security in his State of the Union address
- January 14 – WWII: Soviet troops start the offensive at Leningrad and Novgorod.
- January 15
- January 17 – WWII:
- January 20 – WWII:
- January 22 – WWII – Operation Shingle: The Allies begin the assault on Anzio, Italy. The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division stands their ground at Anzio against violent assaults for 4 months.
- January 27 – WWII: The 2-year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
- January 29 – WWII: The Battle of Cisterna takes place.
- January 30 – WWII: United States troops invade Majuro, Marshall Islands.
- January 31 – WWII: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
- February 1 – WWII: United States troops land in the Marshall Islands.
- February 2 – The first issue of Human Events is published.
- February 3 – WWII: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
- February 7 – WWII: In Anzio, Italian forces launch a counteroffensive.
- February 8 – WWII: The British claim Hong Kong, there "Force to be reckoned with..."
- February 14 – WWII:
- SHAEF headquarters is established in Britain by General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
- An anti-Japanese revolt breaks out on Java.
- February 15 – WWII – Battle of Monte Cassino: The monastery atop Monte Cassino is destroyed by Allied bombing.
- February 17 – WWII: The Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; it ends in an American victory on February 22.
- February 20 – WWII:
- The "Big Week" begins with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
- The United States takes Eniwetok Island.
- February 22 – United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe organized from the Eighth Air Force's strategic planning staff; subsuming strategic planning for all US Army Air Forces in Europe and Africa.
- February 23 – WWII: The Chechens and Ingush are forcibly deported to Central Asia.
- February 26 – Shooting begins on the Nazi propaganda film, "The Fuehrer Gives a Village to the Jews" in Theresienstadt.
- February 29 – WWII – Battle of Los Negros and Operation Brewer: The Admiralty Islands are invaded by U.S. forces.
- March 1 – WWII:
- March 2
- March 3 – WWII: The Order of Nakhimov and the Order of Ushakov are instituted in the USSR.
- March 4 – In Ossining, New York, Louis Buchalter, the leader of 1930s crime syndicate Murder, Inc., is executed at Sing Sing, along with Emanuel "Mendy" Weiss, and Louis Capone.
- March 6 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Narva, Estonia, destroying almost the entire old town.
- March 9 – WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.
- March 10 – WWII: In Britain the Education Act lifts the ban on women teachers marrying.
- March 12 – WWII: The Political Committee of National Liberation is created in Greece.
- March 15
- March 17 – WWII: The Nazis execute almost 400 prisoners, Soviet citizens and anti-fascist Romanians at Rîbniţa.
- March 19 – WWII: German forces Operation occupy Hungary.
- March 18 – The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
- March 20 – WWII: RAF Flight Sergeant Nicholas Alkemade's bomber is hit over Germany, and he has to bail out without a parachute from a height of over 4,000 meters. Tree branches interrupt his fall and he lands safely on deep snow.
- March 23 – WWII: Members of the Italian Resistance attack Nazis marching in Via Rasella, killing 33.
- March 24 – WWII:
- Fosse Ardeatine massacre: 335 Italians are killed, including 75 Jews and over 200 members of the Italian Resistance from various groups, in Rome.
- In the Polish village of Markowa, German police kill Józef and Wiktoria Ulm, their six children and eight Jews they were hiding.
- The "Great Escape" – 76 Royal Air Force prisoners escape by tunnel "Harry" from Stalag Luft III this night. Only three return to the UK; of those recaptured, fifty are executed.
- April 5 – Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz-Birkenhau.
- April 25 – The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
- April 28 – WWII: 749 American troops are killed in Exercise Tiger at Start Bay, Devon, England.
- May – No Exit published by Jean-Paul Sartre.
- May 5 – WWII: Mohandas Gandhi is released in India.
- May 9 – WWII: In the Ukrainian city of Sevastopol, Soviet troops completely drive out German forces, who had been ordered by Hitler to “fight to the last man.”
- May 12 – WWII: Soviet troops finalize the liberation of the Crimea.
- May 18 – WWII:
- May 24 – WWII: Six LSTs are accidentally destroyed and 163 men killed in Pearl Harbor's West Loch Disaster.
- May 30 – Princess Charlotte Louise Juliette Louvet Grimaldi of Monaco, heir to the throne, resigns from her rights in favor of her son Prince Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi, later reigning Prince Rainier III of Monaco.
- May 31 – WWII: Destroyer escort England sinks the 6th Japanese submarine in two weeks. This anti-submarine warfare performance remained unmatched through the twentieth century.
- June – German V-2 rockets on test from Peenemünde become the first man-made objects to enter space.
- June 1 – WWII: The BBC transmits a coded message (the first line of the poem "Chanson d'automne" by Paul Verlaine) to underground resistance fighters in France, warning that the invasion of Europe is imminent.
- June 2 – WWII: The provisional French government is established.
- June 4 – WWII:
- June 5 – WWII:
- More than 1,000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
- At 10:15 p.m. local time, the BBC transmits the second line of the Paul Verlaine poem to the underground resistance, indicating that the invasion of Europe is about to begin.
- The German navy's Enigma messages are decoded almost in real time.
- US and British paratrooper divisions jump over Normandy, in preparation for D-Day. All including 82nd and 101st Airborne divisions of the United States.
- June 6 – WWII – Battle of Normandy: Operation Overlord, commonly known as D-Day, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The Allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland, in the largest amphibious military operation in history. This operation helps liberate France from Germany, and also weakens the Nazi hold on Europe.
- June 7 – WWII:
- June 9 – WWII: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin launches the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive against Finland, with the intent of defeating Finland before pushing for Berlin.
- June 10 – WWII: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
- June 13 – WWII: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England.
- June 15 – WWII:
- June 17 – Iceland declares full independence from Denmark.
- June 19 – A severe storm badly damages the Mulberry harbours on the Normandy coast.
- June 22 – WWII:
- June 25 – WWII: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala (the largest battle ever in the Nordic countries) begins between Finnish and Soviet troops. Finland is able to resist the attack and thus manages to stay as an independent nation.
- June 26 – WWII: American troops enter Cherbourg.
- June 29 – The Holocaust – The deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz and other Nazi concentration camps begins.
- July 1 – The United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference begins at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.
- July 3 – WWII:
- July 6
- Hartford circus fire: More than 100 children die in one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States.
- WWII: At Camp Hood, Texas, future baseball star and 1st Lt. Jackie Robinson is arrested and later court-martialed for refusing to move to the back of a segregated U.S. Army bus. He is eventually acquitted.
- July 9 – WWII: British and Canadian forces capture Caen.
- July 10 – WWII: Soviet troops begin operations to occupy the Baltic countries.
- July 12 – Laurence Olivier's film Henry V, based on Shakespeare's play, opens in London. It is the most acclaimed and the most successful movie version of a Shakespeare play made up to that time, and the first in Technicolor. Olivier both stars and directs, as Kenneth Branagh was to do over forty years later in his successful remake.
- July 13 – WWII: Vilnius is occupied by USSR.
- July 16 – WWII: The first contingent of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force arrives in Italy.
- July 17 – WWII:
- July 18 – WWII: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
- July 20 – WWII: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt by Claus von Stauffenberg.
- July 21 – WWII:
- July 22 – The Bretton Woods Conference ends with various agreements signed.
- July 25 – WWII – Operation Spring: One of the bloodiest days for Canadians during the war results in 1,550 casualties, including 450 killed.
- July 26 – WWII: A Messerschmitt Me 262 becomes the first jet fighter aircraft to have an operational victory.
- August 1 – WWII: The Warsaw Uprising begins.
- August 2 – WWII:
- August 4 – The Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse, where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
- August 5
- August 7 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
- August 9 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
- August 12 – WWII:
- August 15 – WWII: Operation Dragoon lands Allies in southern France. The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division participates in its fourth assault landing at St. Maxime, spearheading the drive for the Belfort Gap.
- August 18 – WWII: Submarine Rasher sinks Teia Maru, Eishin Maru, Teiyu Maru, and carrier Taiyō from Japanese convoy HI71 in one of the most effective American "wolfpack" attacks of the war.
- August 19 – WWII: An insurrection starts in Paris.
- August 20 – WWII:
- August 22 – WWII: Tsushima Maru, a Japanese unmarked passenger/cargo ship, is sunk by torpedoes launched by the submarine USS Bowfin off Akuseki-jima, killing 1,484 civilians including 767 schoolchildren.
- August 23 – WWII: Ion Antonescu, prime minister of Romania, is arrested and a new government established. Romania exits the war against Soviet Union, joining the Allies.
- August 24 – WWII:
- August 25 – WWII:
- German surrender of Paris: General Dietrich von Choltitz surrenders Paris to the Allies in defiance of Hitler’s orders to destroy it.
- Maillé massacre: Massacre of 129 civilians (70% women and children) by the Gestapo at Maillé, Indre-et-Loire.
- Hungary decides to continue the war together with Germany.
- August 29 – WWII: The Slovak National Uprising against the Axis powers begins.
- August 31 – The Mad Gasser of Mattoon resumes his mysterious attacks in Mattoon, Illinois.
- September 1 – WWII: In Bulgaria, the Bagryanov government resigns.
- September 2
- September 3 – WWII: The Allies liberate Brussels.
- September 4 – WWII:
- The British 11th Armored Division liberates the city of Antwerp in Belgium.
- Finland breaks off relations with Germany.
- September 5 – WWII: The Soviets declare war on Bulgaria.
- September 7 – WWII: The Belgian government in exile returns to Brussels from London.
- September 8 – WWII:
- London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
- The French town of Menton is liberated from Germany.
- September 9 – WWII: An insurrection breaks out in Sofia.
- September 12 – WWII: Northern and Southern France invasion forces link up near Dijon.
- September 14 – The Great Atlantic Hurricane makes landfall in the New York City area
- September 15 – WWII: The Battle of Peleliu begins.
- September 17 – WWII: Operation Market Garden begins.
- September 19 – WWII: An armistice between Finland and the Soviet Union is signed, ending the Continuation War.
- September 20 – WWII: Jüri Uluots, prime minister in capacity of president of Estonia, escapes to Sweden; 2 days later, Tallinn is taken by the Red Army.
- September 24 – WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division takes the strongly defended city of Epinal before crossing the Moselle River and entering the western foothills of the Vosges.
- September 26 – WWII:
- September – Start of Dutch famine ("Hongerwinter") in the occupied northern part of the Netherlands.
- October 2 – Holocaust: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
- October 5 – WWII: Royal Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German jet fighter over Holland.
- October 6 – WWII: The Battle of Debrecen starts on the Eastern Front (it lasts until October 29).
- October 8 – The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet radio show debuts in the United States.
- October 9 – WWII: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin begin a 9-day conference in Moscow to discuss the future of Europe.
- October 10 – The Holocaust/Porajmos: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at the Auschwitz death camp.
- October 12 – WWII: The Allies land in Athens.
- October 13 – WWII: Riga, the capital of Latvia, is taken by the Red Army.
- October 14 – WWII: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
- October 18 – WWII: The Volkssturm is founded on Hitler's orders.
- October 20 – WWII:
- Belgrade is liberated by Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army.
- American forces land in Red Beach in Palo, Leyte as General Douglas MacArthur returns to the Philippines with Philippine Commonwealth president Sergio Osmeña, and Armed Forces of the Philippines Generals Basilio J. Valdes and Carlos P. Romulo.
- United States and Filipino troops with Filipino guerillas begin the Battle of Leyte.
- American forces land on the beaches in Dulag, Leyte, the Philippines, accompanied by Filipino troops entering the town, and fiercely opposed by the Japanese occupation forces.
- The combined American and Filipino soldiers was liberated in Tacloban, Leyte was fought the Japanese Imperial forces.
- October 20 – LNG explosion destroys a square mile (2.6 km²) of Cleveland, Ohio.
- October 21 – WWII: Aachen, the first German city to fall, is captured by American troops.
- October 23 – WWII: The Naval Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines begins (lasts until October 26).
- October 25
- October 30
- October 31 – Mass murderer Marcel Petiot is apprehended in Paris Métro station.
- November 1–December 7 – Delegates of 52 nations meet at the International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago to plan for postwar international cooperation, framing the constitution of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
- November 3 – WWII: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest, are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
- November 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1944: Franklin D. Roosevelt wins reelection over Republican challenger Thomas E. Dewey, becoming the only U.S. president elected to a fourth term.
- November 7 – A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, due to excessive speed on a declining hill; 16 are killed, 50 injured.
- November 10 – WWII: Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood disintegrates from accidental detonation of 3800 tons of cargo in the Seeadler Harbor fleet anchorage at Manus Island. Twenty-two small boats are destroyed, 36 nearby ships damaged, 432 men are killed and 371 more are injured.
- November 22 – William Mackenzie King introduces conscription in Canada (see Conscription Crisis of 1944).
- November 27 – RAF Fauld explosion: Between 3,450 and 3,930 tons (3,500 and 4,000 tonnes) of ordnance explodes at an underground storage depot in Staffordshire, England, leaving about 75 dead and a crater 120 metres (400 ft) deep and 1,200 metres (0.75 miles) across. The blast is one of the largest non-nuclear explosions in history and the largest on UK soil.
- November 29 – WWII: Submarine USS Archer-Fish sinks Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano. Shinano is the largest carrier built to this date, and will remain through the twentieth century the largest ship sunk by a submarine.
- December 3 – WWII: Fighting breaks out between Communists and royalists in newly liberated Greece, eventually leading to a full-scale Greek Civil War.
- December 7 – Chicago Convention signed to create the ICAO.
- December 10 – Legendary Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini leads a concert performance of the first half of Beethoven's Fidelio (minus its spoken dialogue) on NBC Radio, starring Rose Bampton. He chooses this opera for its political message – a statement against tyranny and dictatorship. Conducting it in German, Toscanini intends it as a tribute to the German people who are being oppressed by Hitler. The second half is broadcast a week later. The performance is later released on LP and CD, the first of 7 operas that Toscanini conducts on radio.
- December 12–December 13 – WWII: British units attempt to take the hilltop town of Tossignano, but are repulsed.
- December 13 – Battle of Mindoro: United States, Australian and Philippine Commonwealth troops land in Mindoro Island, the Philippines.
- December 14
- December 15 – A private airplane carrying bandleader Glenn Miller disappears in heavy fog over the English Channel while flying to Paris.
- December 16 – WWII:
- December 17 – WWII: German troops carry out the Malmedy massacre.
- December 19 – The entire territory of Estonia is taken by the Red Army.
- December 20 – WASPs are disbanded.
- December 22 – WWII: Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, commander of the U.S. forces defending Bastogne, refuses to accept demands for surrender by sending a one-word reply, "Nuts!", to the German command.
- December 24
- WWII: The Bulge reaches its deepest point at Celles.
- WWII: Troopship Leopoldville is sunk in the English Channel by German submarine U-486. The ship was carrying reinforcements to the battle of the bulge and 763 soldiers of the 66th Infantry Division (United States) drown.
- The first complete U.S. production of Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker is presented in San Francisco, choreographed by William Christensen. It will become an annual tradition there, and for the next ten years, the San Francisco Ballet will be the only ballet company in the United States performing the complete work, until George Balanchine premieres his version in New York in 1954.
- December 26
- December 30 – WWII:
- December 31
- Olympic Games are suspended due to WWII.
- Swedish children's author Astrid Lindgren publishes her first book, Pippi Longstocking.
- In Sweden, Erik Wallenberg and Ruben Rausing invent a way to package milk in paper and start the company Tetra Pak.
- Hans Asperger publishes his paper on Asperger syndrome.
- The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence is established.
- Canadian Arctic explorer Henry Larsen becomes the first person to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions in a schooner. He chronicles the event in his autobiography, The Big Ship. (ASIN B000ETAS4K).
- January 1
- Bob Minor, American actor and stunt performer
- Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, President of the Sudan
- January 2 – Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
- January 3 – Chris von Saltza, American swimmer
- January 6
- January 9
- January 12 – Joe Frazier, American boxer (d. 2011)
- January 17 – Françoise Hardy, French singer
- January 18 – Paul Keating, 24th Prime Minister of Australia
- January 19 – Shelley Fabares, American actress and singer
- January 23 – Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor
- January 24 – Klaus Nomi, German singer (died 1983)
- January 25 – Anita Pallenberg, Italian model and actress
- January 26 – Angela Davis, American feminist and activist
- January 27
- January 28
- January 29 – Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
- January 31
- February 2 – Geoffrey Hughes, English actor
- February 3
- February 5 – Al Kooper, American rock musician (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
- February 9 – Alice Walker, American writer
- February 10 – Vernor Vinge, American writer
- February 11 – Michael G. Oxley, American politician
- February 12 – Moe Bandy, American country music singer
- February 13
- February 14
- February 16
- February 17 – Karl Jenkins, Welsh composer
- February 20 – Willem van Hanegem, Dutch football player and coach
- February 22
- February 23 – Johnny Winter, American rock musician
- February 27 – Ken Grimwood, American writer (d. 2003)
- February 28 – Sepp Maier, German footballer
- February 29 – Dennis Farina, American actor
- March 1
- March 2 – Uschi Glas, German actress
- March 4
- March 5 – Peter Brandes, Danish artist
- March 6
- March 8 – Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
- March 11 – Don Maclean, English comedian
- March 17 – John Sebastian, American singer and songwriter (The Lovin' Spoonful) Pattie Boyd Model and George Harrison's first wife.
- March 19
- March 21 – Hilary Minster, English actor (d. 1999)
- March 24 – R. Lee Ermey, U.S. Marine and actor
- March 26 – Diana Ross, American singer (The Supremes)
- March 27 – Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (d. 2008)
- March 28
- March 29 – Denny McLain, American baseball player
- April 3 – Tony Orlando, American musician
- April 4 – Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
- April 5 – Peter T. King, U.S. Representative for New York's 3rd congressional district
- April 6
- April 7 – Gerhard Schröder, former Chancellor of Germany
- April 8
- April 11 – John Milius, American film director, producer and screenwriter
- April 13 – Jack Casady, American rock musician (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna)
- April 15 – Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechen leader, first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, an unrecognized breakaway state in the North Caucasus (d. 1996)
- April 18 – Charlie Tuna, American disc jockey and game show announcer
- April 19 – James Heckman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 22 – Steve Fossett, American aviator, sailor and millionaire adventurer (d. 2007)
- April 24 – Tony Visconti, American record producer, musician and singer
- April 25 – Len Goodman, British ballroom dancer and television personality
- April 26 – Larry H. Miller, American sports owner (Utah Jazz) (d. 2009)
- April 27
- April 28 – Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
- April 29 – Richard Kline, American actor and television director
- April 30 – Jill Clayburgh, American actress (d. 2010)
- May 1 – Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
- May 5 – John Rhys-Davies, Welsh actor
- May 8 – Gary Glitter, English singer
- May 9
- May 10 – Jim Abrahams, American film director
- May 12 – Sara Kestelman, English actress
- May 13 – Armistead Maupin, American author
- May 14 – George Lucas, American film director and producer
- May 20
- May 21 – Mary Robinson, President of Ireland
- May 23
- May 24 – Patti LaBelle, American singer
- May 25 – Frank Oz, English puppeteer and film director
- May 27 – Chris Dodd, American politician
- May 28
- May 30 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
- June 1 – Robert Powell, English actor
- June 3 – Edith McGuire, American sprinter
- June 4 – Michelle Phillips, American singer and actress (The Mamas & the Papas)
- June 5
- June 6 – Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- June 8
- June 13 – Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and Secretary-General of the United Nations
- June 16 – Henri Richelet, French painter
- June 17 – Bill Rafferty, American comedian and impressionist
- June 24
- June 29 – Gary Busey, American actor
- June 30
- July 3 – Michel Polnareff, French singer
- July 8 – Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
- July 13 – Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor
- July 14 – Aad Mansveld, Dutch footballer
- July 15 – Jan-Michael Vincent, American actor
- July 17 – Mark Burgess, New Zealand cricket captain
- July 21 – Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator from Minnesota (d. 2002)
- July 23 – Alex Buzo, of Sydney, Australian playwright and author (d. 2006)
- July 31
- August 1 – Yuri Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut
- August 2 – Jim Capaldi, British drummer, singer, and songwriter (Traffic) (d. 2005)
- August 4
- August 7 – John Glover, American actor
- August 8 – Brooke Bundy, American actress
- August 9 – Sam Elliott, American actor
- August 11 – Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
- August 12 – Larry Troutman, American musician (d. 1999)
- August 13 – Kevin Tighe, American actor
- August 15 – Sylvie Vartan, French singer
- August 18 – Robert Hitchcock, Australian Sculptor
- August 19 – Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
- August 20 – Linda Clifford, American R&B and dance singer
- August 21
- August 23 – Saira Banu, Indian actress
- August 25 – Christine Chubbuck, American television reporter (d. 1974)
- August 26 – Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
- August 31 – Jos LeDuc, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
- September 1 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
- September 2 – Gilles Marchal, French musician
- September 3 – Tim Donnelly, American actor (Emergency!)
- September 6 – Christian Boltanski, French artist
- September 7
- September 12
- September 13
- September 16 – Betty Kelley, American singer (Martha and the Vandellas)
- September 17 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountaineer
- September 18 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress
- September 19 – Ismet Özel, Turkish poet
- September 21 – Hamilton Jordan, Jimmy Carter's first White House Chief of Staff (d. 2008)
- September 22 – Frazer Hines, British actor
- September 25 – Michael Douglas, American actor
- September 26
- September 30 – Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (d. 2006)
- October 4 – Tony La Russa, American baseball player and manager
- October 6 – Mylon LeFevre, American singer and evangelist
- October 9
- October 15
- October 20 – Clive Hornby, English actor (Emmerdale's Jack Sugden 1980-2008) (d. 2008)
- October 24 – Ray Downs, American author and country music musician
- October 28 – Dennis Franz, American actor
- November 1
- November 6 – Wild Man Fischer, Outsider musician
- November 7 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (d. 2006)
- November 10
- November 11 – Kemal Sunal, Turkish comedian
- November 12
- November 17
- November 18 – Wolfgang Joop, German artist, fashion designer and art collector
- November 21 – Richard Durbin, American politician
- November 24 – Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar and diplomat
- November 25 – Ben Stein, American law professor, actor and author
- November 30 – George Graham, Scottish football player and manager
- December 2
- December 5 – Jeroen Krabbe, Dutch actor and film director
- December 6
- December 7
- December 9
- December 11
- December 12 – Kenneth Cranham, Scottish born actor
- December 17 – Bernard Hill, English actor
- December 19 – Tim Reid, American actor and comedian
- December 21
- December 22 – Steve Carlton, American baseball player
- December 23
- December 24 – Erhard Keller, German speed skater
- December 25 – Jairzinho, Brazilian football player
- December 26
- Eli Cohen, Israeli spy
- Aleksey Mikhalyov, Russian translator
- December 28 – Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- December 31 – Jan Widströmer, Swedish artist
- January 1
- January 5 – Kaj Munk, Danish playwright, priest and martyr (b. 1898) (executed)
- January 6 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
- January 7 – Lou Henry Hoover, Wife of President Herbert Hoover (b. 1874)
- January 10 – William Emerson Ritter, American biologist (b. 1856)
- January 11
- January 20 – James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
- January 23 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
- January 31
- February 1 – Piet Mondriaan, Dutch painter (b. 1872)
- February 4 – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
- February 11 – Carl Meinhof, German linguist (b. 1857)
- February 12
- February 13 – Edgar Selwyn, American screenwriter (b. 1875)
- February 16 – Henri Nathansen, Danish writer and stage director (b. 1868)
- February 21 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)
- February 29 – Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, Finnish politician (b. 1861)
- March 4 – Louis Buchalter, Jewish-American mobster, head of Murder, Inc. (b. 1897)
- March 5 – Max Jacob, French poet (b. 1876)
- March 11 – Irvin S. Cobb, American writer (b. 1876)
- March 22 – Pierre Brossolette, journalist and French Resistance fighter (b. 1903)
- March 23 – Myron Selznick, American film producer (b. 1898)
- March 24 – Orde Wingate, British soldier (b. 1903)
- April 9 – Evgeniya Rudneva, Soviet WWII heroine (b. 1920)
- April 17 – J.T. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1867)
- April 21 – Hans-Valentin Hube, German army general (b. 1890)
- April 25 – George Herriman, American cartoonist (b. 1880)
- April 28
- April 29
- May 12
- May 16 – George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
- May 20
- May 24 – Harold Bell Wright, American writer (b. 1872)
- May 25 – Clark Daniel Stearns, 9th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1870)
- May 30 – Jessie Ralph, American actress (b. 1864)
- June – Joseph Campbell, Northern Irish poet and lyricist (b. 1879)
- June 27 – Milan Hodža, Slovak politician, champion of regional integration in Europe (b. 1878)
- July 1 – Carl Mayer, Austrian screenwriter (b. 1894)
- July 6
- July 7 – Georges Mandel, French politician and WWII hero (executed) (b. 1885)
- July 8 – George B. Seitz, American director (b. 1888)
- July 12 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American political and business leader (b. 1887)
- July 14 – Asmahan a Syrian-born Egyptian singer (b.1918?).
- July 18 – Rex Whistler, English artist (b. 1905)
- July 20 – Mildred Harris, American actress (b. 1901)
- July 21 – Claus von Stauffenberg, German military and resistance fighter (b. 1907)
- July 25 – Jakob von Uexküll, Baltic German biologist (b. 1864)
- July 26 – Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (b. 1877)
- July 30 – Lee Powell, American actor (b. 1908)
- July 31 – Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (b. 1900)
- August 1 – Manuel L. Quezon, Philippine president (b. 1878)
- August 4 – Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński, Polish poet (Warsaw Uprising) (b. 1921)
- August 12
- August 19 – Henry Wood, British conductor (b. 1869)
- August 23 – Abdul Mejid II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1868)
- August 26
- August 27 – Princess Mafalda of Savoy (executed) (b. 1902)
- September 6
- September 9 – Robert Benoist, French race car driver and war hero (executed) (b. 1895)
- September 11
- September 13 – Heath Robinson, British cartoonist and illustrator (b. 1872)
- September 14
- September 16 – Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
- September 25 – Eugeniusz Lokajski, Polish athlete, gymnast and photographer (Warsaw Uprising) (b. 1909)
- September 27 – Aristide Maillol, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
- October 4 – Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
- October 8 – Wendell Willkie, American politician (b. 1892)
- October 14 – Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (b. 1891)
- October 21 – Alois Kayser, German missionary (b. 1877)
- October 22 – Richard Bennett, American actor (b. 1870)
- October 23 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- October 24 – Shoji Nishimura, Japanese Vice admiral (b. 1889)
- October 26
- November 2 – Thomas Midgley, Jr., American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
- November 5 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
- November 7 – Hannah Szenes, Hungarian WWII heroine (executed) (b. 1921)
- November 10 – Wang Jingwei, Nanjing Nationalist regime in northern China (died of pneumonia) (b. 1883)
- November 12 – George F. Houston, American actor (b. 1896)
- December 2 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist (b. 1874)
- December 4 – Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player (b. 1879)
- December 9 – Laird Cregar, American actor (b. 1916)
- December 13
- December 15 – Glenn Miller, American band leader (b. 1904)
- December 22 – Harry Langdon, American comedian (b. 1884)
- December 30 – Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- December 31 – Vicente Lim, Filipino general of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (b. 1889)
- Physics – Isidor Isaac Rabi
- Chemistry – Otto Hahn
- Medicine – Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
- Literature – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen
- Peace – International Committee of the Red Cross
- ^ a b "Year by Year 1944" – History Channel International
- ^ Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996) (in German). Me 262. Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 3-925505-21-0.
- ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3.
- ^ Van der Zee, Henri A. (1982). The Hunger Winter: Occupied Holland 1944–5. London: Norman & Hobhouse. ISBN 978-0-906908-71-6.
- ^ Gile, Chester A. (February 1963). "The Mount Hood Explosion". Proceedings (United States Naval Institute).
- ^ Reed, John (1977). "Largest Wartime Explosions: 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, Staffs. November 27, 1944". After the Battle 18: 35–40. ISSN 0306-154X.
- ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3.
- ^ "The Sinking of SS Leopoldville". uboat.net. http://www.uboat.net/history/leopoldville.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
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