January 22


January 22

Events

*565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.
*1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
*1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
*1771 - Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
*1824 - Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
*1840 - British colonists reach New Zealand.
*1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation of Russia.
*1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
*1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana - Zulu troops defeat British troops.
* 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift - 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
*1889 - Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
*1890 - The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
*1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
*1901 - Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.
*1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
*1906 - SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
*1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
*1919 - Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
*1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.
*1927 - First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, bewtween Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
*1931 - Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
*1941 - World War II: The United Kingdom captures Tobruk from Nazi forces.
*1944 - World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle which was an assault on Anzio, Italy.
*1946 - Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
* 1946 - Creation of the "Central Intelligence Group", forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
*1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
*1952 - The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
*1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
* 1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber," George P. Metesky, was arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and was charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
*1962 - The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
*1963 - The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany was signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
*1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade, allowing abortion
* 1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
*1980 - Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow.
*1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
*1987 - Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
*1990 - Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.
*1991 - Gulf War. Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
*1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
* 1992 - Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission - Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
*1995 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
*1999 - Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
*2002 - Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
* 2003 - Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.
*2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
*2007 - The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada's worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

Births

*1263 - Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
*1440 - Ivan III of Russia (d. 1505)
*1553 - Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
*1561 - Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher (d. 1626)
*1570 - Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician (d. 1631)
*1592 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (d. 1655)
*1654 - Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
*1690 - Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
*1729 - Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (d. 1781)
*1733 - Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer
*1781 - François Antoine Habeneck, French violinist (d. 1849)
*1788 - George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (Lord Byron), English poet (d. 1824)
*1796 - Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
*1797 - Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
*1799 - Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
*1820 - Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
*1840 - Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
*1849 - August Strindberg, Swedish writer (d. 1912)
*1858 - Beatrice Webb, English economist (d. 1943)
*1869 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (d. 1916)
*1874 - Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
*1875 - D. W. Griffith, American film director (d. 1948)
*1882 - Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1956)
*1886 - Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1921)
*1887 - Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
*1889 - Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. 1935)
*1890 - Fred M. Vinson, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
* 1890 - Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (d. 1976)
*1892 - Marcel Dassault, French industrialist (d. 1986)
*1893 - Conrad Veidt, German actor (d. 1943)
*1897 - Rosa Ponselle, American soprano (d. 1981)
*1900 - Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (d. 1980)
*1902 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (d. 1970)
*1903 - Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
*1904 - George Balanchine, Russian choreographer (d. 1983)
* 1904 - Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
*1906 - Joe Gladwin, English actor (d. 1987)
* 1906 - Robert E. Howard, American author (d. 1936)
*1907 - Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (d. 1995)
* 1907 - Dixie Dean, English footballer (d. 1980)
* 1907 - Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (d. 2004)
*1908 - Lev Landau, Soviet physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1968)
*1909 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
* 1909 - Ann Sothern, American actress (d. 2001)
* 1909 - U Thant, Burmese 3rd United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)
*1911 - Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (d. 1990)
*1913 - William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
* 1913 - Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
*1914 - Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek composer (d. 2001)
*1915 - Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician (d. 1993)
* 1916 - Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1972)
*1916 - Henri Dutilleux, French composer
*1916 - Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
*1918 - Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player
*1920 - Sir Alf Ramsey, English football manager (d. 1999)
*1922 - Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (d. 1987)
*1924 - J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
*1927 - Lou Creekmur, American football player
*1928 - Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
*1931 - Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
*1932 - Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
* 1932 - Piper Laurie, American actress
*1934 - Bill Bixby, American actor (d. 1993)
* 1934 - Graham Kerr, British-born chef
*1935 - Seymour Cassel, American actor
*1936 - Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
* 1936 - Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
*1937 - Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
* 1937 - Joseph Wambaugh, American author
*1938 - Altair, Brazilian footballer
*1939 - Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
* 1939 - J.C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1994)
*1940 - Addie "Micki" Harris, singer (Shirelles) (d. 1982)
* 1940 - John Hurt, English actor
* 1940 - George Seifert, American football coach
*1942 - Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
*1943 - Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress
*1945 - Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach
*1946 - Malcolm McLaren, English impresario, musician and self-publicist
* 1946 - Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
*1948 - Gilbert Levine, American conductor
* 1948 - Northern Calloway, American actor (d. 1990)
*1949 - Mike Caldwell, American baseball player
* 1949 - Phil Miller, English guitarist (National Health, In Cahoots, Matching Mole)
* 1949 - Steve Perry, American singer and musician (Journey)
*1951 - Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
*1952 - Teddy Gentry, American musician (Alabama)
* 1952 - Ace Vergel, Filipino actor (d. 2007)
*1953 - Jim Jarmusch, American director
*1953 - Myung-Whun Chung,South Korean Conductor and pianist
*1954 - Tully Blanchard, American professional wrestler
* 1954 - Chris Lemmon, American actor
* 1954 - Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
*1955 - Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
*1956 - Steve Riley, American drummer
*1956 - John Wesley Shipp, American actor
*1957 - Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1957 - Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
* 1957 - Rene Requiestas, Filipino comedian (d. 1993)
*1958 - Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek football player and manager
*1959 - Linda Blair, American actress
*1960 - Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (d. 1997)
*1961 - Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter and artist
*1962 - Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
* 1962 - Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
*1963 - Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist
*1965 - Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N' Roses)
* 1965 - DJ Jazzy Jeff, American rapper and actor
* 1965 - Diane Lane, American actress
* 1965 - Brian McCardie, Scottish actor
* 1965 - Andrew Roachford, English singer and songwriter
* 1965 - Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
*1967 - Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast
*1967 - Eleanor McEvoy, Irish singer-songwriter
*1967 - Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese professional wrestler
*1968 - Heath, Japanese bass guitarist (X Japan)
* 1968 - Frank Lebœuf, French footballer
* 1968 - Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
*1969 - Olivia d'Abo, English actress
* 1969 - John Linton Roberson, American cartoonist
*1970 - Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
* 1970 - Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
*1971 - Stan Collymore, English footballer
*1972 - Gabriel Macht, American actor
* 1972 - Romi Paku, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
* 1972 - Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)
*1973 - Rogerio Ceni, Brazilian footballer
*1974 - Cameron McConville, Australian racing driver
*1975 - Balthazar Getty, American actor
* 1975 - Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
* 1975 - ZP Theart, South African singer
* 1975 - David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
*1976 - James Dearth, American football player
* 1976 - Mikko Luoma, Finnish ice hockey player
*1977 - Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby union footballer
* 1977 - Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
*1978 - Chone Figgins, American baseball player
*1980 - Jake Grove, American football player
* 1980 - Christopher Masterson, American actor
* 1980 - Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)
* 1980 - Jonathan Woodgate, English footballer
* 1980 - Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese Writer
*1981 - Willa Ford, American singer
* 1981 - Beverley Mitchell, American actress
* 1981 - Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
*1982 - Fabricio Coloccini, Argentine footballer
* 1982 - Jason Peters, American football player
*1983 - Shaun Cody, American football player
* 1983 - Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
*1984 - Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1984 - Raica Oliveira, Brazilian supermodel
* 1984 - Leon Powe, American basketball player
* 1984 - Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
*1985 - Mohamed Sissoko, Malian footballer
*1986 - Lee Pa-ni, South Korean model
* 1986 - Daniel Wayne Smith, American actor, reality television personality (d. 2006)
*1987 - Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier
*1988 - Greg Oden, American basketball player

Deaths

*1536 - Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
*1599 - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
*1666 - Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1592)
*1750 - Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
*1763 - John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (b. 1690)
*1767 - Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)
*1779 - Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
* 1779 - Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
*1840 - Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
*1892 - Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)
*1900 - David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
*1901 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
*1921 - Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
*1922 - Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1837)
* 1922 - Pope Benedict XV (b. 1854)
* 1922 - Camille Jordan, French mathematician (b. 1838)
*1931 - Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
*1945 - Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
*1949 - William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
*1950 - Corinne Luchaire, French actress (b. 1921)
* 1950 - Alan Hale, Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
*1951 - Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
*1959 - Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1929)
*1966 - Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
*1967 - Robert Henriques, English writer (b. 1905)
*1968 - Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890)
*1973 - Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
*1975 - Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)
*1978 - Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)
* 1978 - Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (b. 1894)
*1981 - Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (b. 1903)
*1982 - Tommy Tucker, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
*1985 - Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (b. 1899)
*1987 - Budd Dwyer, American politician (b. 1939)
*1988 - Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891)
*1991 - Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
*1993 - Abe Kobo, Japanese writer (b. 1924)
*1994 - Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. 1910)
* 1994 - Rhett Forrester, American singer (Riot) (b. 1956)
* 1994 - Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
*1995 - Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (b. 1949)
* 1995 - Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, matriarch of the Kennedy family (b. 1890)
*1997 - Ron Holden, American singer (b. 1939)
* 1997 - Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (b. 1957)
* 1997 - Wally Whyton, English musician (b. 1929)
*1999 - Graham Staines, Australian missionary (b. 1941)
*2000 - Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)
* 2000 - Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska) (b. 1916)
*2001 - Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
* 2001 - Roy Brown, American clown (b. 1932)
*2002 - Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)
*2003 - Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)
*2004 - Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)
* 2004 - Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (b. 1918)
* 2004 - Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
*2005 - César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1943)
* 2005 - Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
* 2005 - Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (b. 1924)
* 2005 - Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)
*2007 - Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer
* 2007 - Ngô Quang Trưởng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
* 2007 - Abbé Pierre, French priest (b. 1912)
*2008 - Roberto Gari, American actor (b. 1920)
* 2008 - Heath Ledger, Australian actor (b. 1979)
* 2008 - Miles Lerman, Polish-American activist (b. 1920)

Holidays and observances

* Christianity - Feast day of St. Vincent, Anastasius of Persia.
* January 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/22 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jan&day=22 On this day in Canada] ----


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