- Frank Knox
Infobox US Cabinet official
name=William Franklin Knox
United States Secretary of the Navy
July 11, 1940
April 28, 1944
Franklin D. Roosevelt
successor=James V. Forrestal
January 1, 1874
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
death_date=death date and age|1944|4|28|1874|1|1
Washington, D.C., USA
spouse=Annie Reed Knox
William Franklin "Frank" Knox (
January 1, 1874– April 28, 1944) was the Secretary of the Navyunder Franklin D. Rooseveltduring most of World War II. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936.
William Franklin Knox was born in
Boston, Massachusetts. He attended Alma College, in Michigan, where he was a member of the Zeta Sigma Fraternity.
He served in
Cubawith the Rough Ridersduring the Spanish-American War."Who is Frank Knox?", Harvard University.]
Following that conflict, Knox became a newspaper reporter in
Grand Rapids, Michigan, the beginning of a career that grew to include the ownership of several papers.
He changed his first name to Frank around 1900. In 1912 as founding editor of New Hampshire's "Manchester Leader", forerunner to the "
New Hampshire Union Leader", he supported Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive ticket. During World War I, Knox was an advocate of preparedness and United Statesparticipation. He served as an artillery officer with the rank of Major in France after America entered the hostilities.
In 1930, Frank Knox became publisher and part owner of the "
Chicago Daily News". An active Republican, he was that party's nominee for vice president in the 1936 election, under Alf Landon. Landon and Knox were the only supporters of Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 to be later named to a Republican ticket. They lost by a landslide, winning just Maineand Vermont.
Knox, who was an internationalist and supporter of aid to Britain, became Secretary of the Navy in July 1940, as President Roosevelt strived to create bi-partisan appeal for his foreign and defense policies following the defeat of France.
As Secretary, Frank Knox followed Roosevelt's directive to expand the US Navy into a force capable of fighting in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Chief of Naval Operations
Ernest J. Kinghad full control of naval operations during the war, and often kept Knox in the dark about plans. Knox was able to block King's efforts to control procurement of war supplies, but on the whole the civilian side of naval affairs was run by Assistant Secretary James Forrestal, who was closer to Roosevelt than Knox. Secretary Knox had so much free time that after hours he ran the business affairs of his Chicago newspaper.
Following a brief series of heart attacks, Secretary Knox died in
Washington, D.C.on April 28, 1944while still in office. He was buried on May 1, 1944in Arlington National Cemeterywith full military honors. "William Franklin 'Frank' Knox", Arlington National Cemetery.]
Posthumous honors and memorials
The Gearing-class destroyer USS "Frank Knox" (DD-742), commissioned in December 1944, was named in his honor."Frank Knox (1874-1944)", "Online Library of Selected Images", NHC.] "USS "Frank Knox", "USN Ships", NHC.] Following his death, his wife, Annie Reid Knox, established the
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowships, which enable students from various countries in the Commonwealth to attend Harvard Universityfor graduate study.
Knox was married to Annie Reid Knox. They were not the parents of actress/model
Elyse Knox, the mother of actor Mark Harmon, and grandmother of musicians Matthew and Gunnar Nelsonas is often reported.
Knox is well known for his public comments on the German massacre of civilians in the Czech village of
Lidicein June 1942 following the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich: "If future generations ask us what we are fighting for [in World War Two] , we shall tell them the story of Lidice." "William Franklin 'Frank' Knox", Arlington National Cemetery.]
List of U.S. political appointments that crossed party lines
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowships
:"This article incorporates text in the
public domainfrom the United States Department of the Navy."
title=Frank Knox (1874-1944) — 46th Secretary of the Navy, 11 July 1940 - 28 April 1944
work=Online Library of Selected Images
publisher=Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy
title=USS Frank Knox (DD-742, later DDR-742 and DD-742), 1944-1971
publisher=Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy
title=Who was Frank Knox?
work=The Frank Knox Memorial Fellowships
title=William Franklin "Frank" Knox — Major, United States Army; Secretary of the Navy; Newspaper Publisher
publisher=Arlington National Cemetery website
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2464 Frank Knox] at
Find A Grave
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Frank Knox — William Franklin „Frank“ Knox (* 1. Januar 1874 in Boston, Massachusetts; † 28. April 1944 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Republikaner und Zeitungsverleger; er war während eines Großteils des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Frank Knox — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Knox. Frank Knox (1874 1944) William Franklin Frank Knox (1874–1944) fut le candidat républicain à la vice présidenc … Wikipédia en Français
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship — The Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship program is a scholarship program which funds students from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom to undertake graduate study at Harvard University. The program is named after the businessman,… … Wikipedia
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowships — The Frank Knox Memorial Fellowships program is a scholarship program which funds students from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom to undertake graduate study at Harvard University. The program is named after the businessman,… … Wikipedia
USS Frank Knox (DD-742) — Career (United States) … Wikipedia
Knox — is a Scottish surname that comes from the Scots Gaelic, Knock , meaning hillock or hump.Arguably, the most famous Knoxes are Presbyterian reformer John Knox, and United States Army post Fort Knox, but the name has come to be identified with many… … Wikipedia
Knox (Name) — Knox ist ein Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Familienname 2.2 Vorname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Knox — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Knox est un nom d origine écossaise dérivé du mot knock signifiant butte ou bosse en écossais. Ce nom peut faire référence à : Sommaire 1 Toponymes … Wikipédia en Français
Knox, Frank (William Franklin) — (1874 1944) Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Frank Knox attended Alma College in Michigan from 1893 until 1898, when he joined Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders in the Spanish American War. After working as a reporter in Grand Rapids, Michigan,… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Frank B. Kellogg — Frank Billings Kellog 1912 Frank Billings Kellogg (* 22. Dezember 1856 in Potsdam, N.Y.; † 21. Dezember 1937, St. Paul, Minnesota) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist und Diplomat. Als Verhandlungspartner des … Deutsch Wikipedia