Leyte


Leyte

Infobox Philippine province
name = Leyte
sealfile = Ph_seal_leyte.png region = Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
capital = Tacloban City
founded = 1543 and March 10, 1917
pop2000 = 1,592,336
pop2000rank = 14th largest
popden2000 = 279
popden2000rank = 24th highest
areakm2 = 5,712.8
arearank = 12th largest
hucities = 0
componentcities = 3
municipalities = 41
barangays = 1,641
districts = 5
languages = Cebuano, Waray-Waray
governor = Carlos Jericho Petilla (Lakas-CMD)
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_leyte.png

Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Tacloban City and occupies the northern three-quarters of the island of Leyte. Leyte is located west of Samar province, north of Southern Leyte and south of Biliran. To the west of Leyte across the Camotes Sea is the province of Cebu.

History

The explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, first came to the island in 1543 and named it Las Islas Felipinas.

The Battle of Leyte Gulf took place in the seas surrounding this island from 23 October to 26 October 1944. It was the largest naval battle in modern history, when at least 212 Allied ships with the Filipino pilots clashed with the remnants of the Imperial Japanese Navy, some 60 ships, including the super battleships "Yamato" and Musashi.

The Battle of Leyte occurred on 20 October, 1944. A successful Allied invasion of the island was the crucial element to the eventual Filipino and American victory in the Philippines.

People and culture

The people of Leyte are divided into two main groups, primarily by language. In the west and south are the Cebuanos, while in the north and east are the Waray-waray.

The Cebuanos have ties with Cebu, the most populous province in the Visayas; the Warays are more tied to Leyte and Samar.

Economy

The economy of Leyte depends on agriculture. Rice is farmed in the lower flatter areas specifically those around Tacloban, while coconut farming, for coconut oil is the main cash crop of the more mountainous areas. Fishing is also a major source of livelihood among residents.

Although economically backward, the province is the site of the largest geothermal plant in Asia, making it one of the resource-rich provinces of the Philippines.

Geography

Political

Leyte is subdivided into 40 municipalities and 3 cities.

Ormoc City is an independent component city of Leyte. The city governs itself independent of the province and the residents do not vote for elective provincial officials, as stated in the city's charter.

Cities

*Ormoc City
*Tacloban City
*Baybay City

Municipalities


*Abuyog
*Alangalang
*Albuera
*Babatngon
*Barugo
*Bato
*Burauen
*Calubian
*Capoocan
*Carigara
*Dagami
*Dulag
*Hilongos
*Hindang
*Inopacan
*Isabel
*Jaro
*Javier (Bugho)
*Julita
*Kananga

*La Paz
*Leyte
*MacArthur
*Mahaplag
*Matag-ob
*Matalom
*Mayorga
*Merida
*Palo
*Palompon
*Pastrana
*San Isidro
*San Miguel
*Santa Fe
*Tabango
*Tabontabon
*Tanauan
*Tolosa
*Tunga
*Villaba

Official Provincial Seal

"The Official Seal of the Province of Leyte."

The upper portion is a perspective of the national Freedom Park commemorating the landing of Gen. Douglas MacArthur and the American Liberation Forces in Leyte during World War II. The white cross represents the 2nd phase of Leyte's development when Magellan stopped here on his way to Cebu. The alphabet on the cross argent is the ancient visayan paleographic syllabary of the letter L which stands for Leyte. The stars around the inner circle symbolize the forty one (41) towns of Leyte and the everlasting flame symbolizes the soldiers who died during World War II.

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ee also

* Manuel Artigas
* Juan Ponce Sumuroy

External links

* [http://www.leyte.org.ph/index.html Official Website of Leyte Province]
* [http://www.leytenews.com News source on Leyte]
* [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/regions/view/20080121-113685/Poor-town-has-modern-library Inquirer.net, Poor town has modern library]
* [http://luap777.wordpress.com/category/photos/philippines/leyte/ Leyte Photo Gallery]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEYTE — Île de l’archipel des Visayas (Philippines), dans la région de Visayas Est, située au nord de l’île de Mindanao, Leyte est par sa superficie (7 215 km2) la huitième île des Philippines. Ses côtes sont indentées de profondes baies au nord, à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Leyte — prop. n. The name of an island in the Pacific Ocean and of a battle in World War II, at which the American forces experienced the first use of Kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese. The return of U. S. troops to the Philippines after their expulsion… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leyte — Leyte, batalla del golfo de ► Isla de Filipinas, en el grupo de las Visayas, entre las de Samar (NE), Cebú (O) y Bohol (SO); 7 213 km2 y 1 362 051 h. Forma las prov. de Leyte (con las islas de Biliran y Maripipi; 6 268 km2 y 1 302 648 h; cap.,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leyte —   [ lɛi̯tə], im östlichen Teil des Visayas Archipels, Philippinen, gelegene Insel, 7 214 km2, rd. 1,5 Mio. Einwohner. Ein zentrales bewaldetes Gebirge (bis 1 350 m über dem Meeresspiegel) durchzieht Leyte von Südsüdosten nach Nordnordwesten. Die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Leyte — Leyte, Insel, aus der Gruppe der Bissayer (s.d. g) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leyte — Leyte, Insel der Visayasgruppe der Philippinen, unter 11° nördl. Br., von Mindanao durch die Surigaostraße getrennt, hat mit den Nebeninseln 7923 (nach andrer Messung 9976) qkm mit (1899) 270,491 Einw. (malaiische Visayas, im Innern Negrito). Die …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leyte — [lāt′ē; ] Sp [ lā′tā] island of EC Philippines, between Luzon & Mindanao: 2,785 sq mi (7,213 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Leyte — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Leyte Lage der Insel Leyte Gewässer Pazifischer Ozea …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leyte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leyte (homonymie). Leyte Carte de localisation de Leyte au sein des Philippines …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leyte — /lay tee/; Sp. /lay te/, n. an island in the E central Philippines: focal point of the U.S. invasion of the Philippines 1944. 1,302,648; 3085 sq. mi. (7990 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 1,952,496) of the Visayan group, eastern Philippines.… …   Universalium


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