Bayeux


Bayeux

French commune
nomcommune=Bayeux
région=Basse-Normandie
département=Calvados
arrondissement=Bayeux
canton=Bayeux
insee=14047
cp=14400
maire=
mandat=
intercomm=Bayeux Intercom
longitude=-0.702778
latitude=49.279445
alt moy=
alt mini=
alt maxi=
hectares=711
km²=7.11
sans=14,961
date-sans=1999
dens=
date-dens=1999

Bayeux (pronounced|bajø) is a commune in the Calvados "département", in Normandy in northwestern France.

Bayeux is the home of the Bayeux Tapestry, one of the oldest surviving complete tapestries in the world. [ [http://www.bayeuxtapestry.org.uk/BayeuxContents.htm Bayeux Tapestry description] ]

Administration

Bayeux is a sub-préfecture of Calvados. It is the seat of the arrondissement of Bayeux and of the canton of Bayeux.

Location

Bayeux is located just a few kilometres from the coast of the English Channel, and between the city of Caen to the east and the base of the Cotentin Peninsula to the west. The River Aure runs through the town of Bayeux.

History

The area around Bayeux is called the Bessin which was a province of France until the French Revolution. The name of the town and of its region come from the Celtic tribe of Bajocasses who inhabited the area.During the Second World War Bayeux was one of the first French towns to be liberated during the Battle of Normandy, and on 16 June 1944 General Charles de Gaulle made his first important speech on liberated French soil in Bayeux. The buildings in Bayeux were virtually untouched during the Battle of Normandy as the German forces defending the town were pulled away to help defend Caen. The town hosts the largest British war cemetery in France from the Second World War. [ [http://www.normandie44lamemoire.com/versionanglaise/fichesvillesus/bayeuxus2.html The Battle of Normandy:The Memory] ]

Natural features

The River Aure flows through Bayeux and affords scenic views from a number of locations. The Aure river has relatively high turbidity and its brownish water is moderate in velocity due to the slight gradient of the watercourse, although the narrow channel in locations like Bayeux centre engenders higher surface velocities; pH levels have been measured at 8.35 in the centre of Bayeux near the Bayeux Tapestry Museum [Hogan, C. Michael, "Water quality of freshwater bodies in France", Lumina Technologies Press, Aberdeen, Scotland (2006)] and electrical conductivity of the waters have tested at 37 micro-siemens per centimetre. Turbidity has been measured at 13 centimetres by the Secchi disc method. At this reference location of Bayeux centre, summer flows are typically in the range of 50 cubic feet per second.

ights

Bayeux is a major tourist attraction, best known to British and French visitors for the Bayeux tapestry, made to commemorate the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The tapestry is believed to have been woven in England. [World Book Encyclopedia, p. 177, World book Inc.] It is displayed in a museum in the town centre. The large Norman-Romanesque Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Bayeux, [ [http://france-for-visitors.com/normandy/bayeux/index.html Cathedral of Bayeux: France Tourism Summaries] ] consecrated in 1077, was the original home of the tapestry.

The Jardin botanique de Bayeux is a botanical garden dating from 1864.

Bishops

Bishops of Bayeux include:
* Odo of Bayeux

Births

Bayeux was the birthplace of:
* Saint Marcouf
* Berengar of Rennes
* Alain Chartier (c. 1392-c. 1430), poet and political writer

Miscellaneous

*The inhabitants of Bayeux are called "Bayeusains" IPA|/bajøˑsɛ̃/ or "Bajocasses" IPA|/bajokas/.
*The communauté de communes Bayeux Intercom has a population (2004) of 28,366.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.westfordconnection.com/Photos/France/bayeux/index.htm Minosh Photography]
* [http://www.mairie-bayeux.fr/ City council website]
* [http://www.bayeux-tourism.com/ Tourist office website]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=49.279861,-0.704842&spn=0.041096,0.059197&t=k&hl=en Satellite photo, via Google Maps]
* Panoramic photos and Quicktime movies of the British War Cemetery [http://www.flickr.com/photos/d4rr3ll/11607358/in/set-311646/ here]
* [http://www.adgame-wonderland.de/type/bayeux.php Bayeux Tapestry Generator]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayeux — Bayeux …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bayeux — • Coextensive with the Department of Calvados, is suffragan to the Archbishopric of Rouen Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bayeux     Bayeux      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bayeux FC — Bayeux football club Bayeux FC Généralités Nom complet Bayeux Football …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayeux —   [ba jø], Sltadt in der Normandie, im Département Calvados, Frankreich, 8 km vom Meer entfernt an der Aure, 14 700 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz;   Wirtschaft:   Zentrum eines intensiv genutzten agrarischen Umlands, v. a …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — v. de France, ch. l. d arr. du Calvados, sur l Aure; 15 106 hab. Cath. goth. (XIIIe s.). La bibliothèque abrite la tapisserie de Bayeux (70,34 m de long) représentant la conquête de l Angleterre par les Normands …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bayeux — BAYEUX, Le pays à l entour de Bayeux, Bellocassij, nunc Baiocenses, ville episcopale en Normandie …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Bayeux — (spr. Bajöh), 1) Bezirk im französischen Departement Calvados, 82,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin in einem fruchtbaren Thale, unweit der Mündung der Aure in den Kanal, Sitz des Suffraganbischofs von Rouen; Handelsgericht, Börse, schöne Kathedrale,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (spr. bajö), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Calvados, an der Aure, 8 km vom Meer an der Westbahn gelegen, hat eine gotische Kathedrale (13. Jahrh.) mit drei hohen Türmen, von denen einer mit einer Kuppel gekrönt ist, einen alten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (spr. bajöh), das alte Augustomagus, Stadt in der Normandie (Dep. Calvados), an der Aure, (1901) 7806 E., Kathedrale. In der Bibliothek die Tapisserie de B. (70 m lg.) aus dem 11. Jahrh., Wilhelms des Eroberers Taten in England darstellend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (frz. Bajöh), Hauptstadt des franz. Departements Calvados, in der Nähe der Küste, 10000 E., Bischofssitz, Handelskammer, Porzellan und Spitzenfabriken, lebhafter Handel. Im Stadthause ist die berühmte Tapete von B., eine Schlacht Wilhelms des… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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