Robert Benoist


Robert Benoist

Robert Marcel Charles Benoist, (March 20, 1895 – September 9, 1944) was a French Grand Prix motor racing driver and war hero.

Early life

Born near Rambouillet, Île-de-France, France, Robert Benoist was the son of Baron Henri de Rothschild's gamekeeper. As a young man, Benoist served during World War I in the French infantry, then as a fighter pilot in the new "Armée de l'Air" and ultimately as a flying instructor.

Grand Prix Driver

Looking for excitement in the post-war world, Benoist joined the "de Marçay" car company as a test driver. He then moved on to Salmson and was very successful in cyclecar races before being signed to drive for Delage in 1924. The next year, teamed with Albert Divo, he won the French Grand Prix in the race that claimed the life of Italian racing star Antonio Ascari.

In 1927, driving a Delage 15-S-8, he won the French, Spanish, Italian and British Grand Prix races, earning the season championship title for the French manufacturer. He is the only driver ever to win these major Grand Prix races in the same year and his accomplishment earned him the Legion of Honor from the French government.

When the Delage company dropped out of racing, Robert Benoist was without a job and was appointed manager of the Banville Garage in Paris. He did occasional races for the Bugatti team, finishing second in the 1928 San Sebastián Grand Prix in Spain. The following year he teamed up with Attilio Marinoni to win the Spa 24 Hours race in Belgium, driving an Alfa Romeo. At the end of the season he retired until 1934, when he made a comeback with the Bugatti team. He was soon made head of the competition department and masterminded the company's Le Mans programme. In 1937 he partnered with Jean-Pierre Wimille to win the 24 hours of Le Mans [cite web
url= http://www.grandprix.com/ft/ftjs016.html
title= "Jean-Pierre Wimille"
publisher= Grandprix.com
accessdate=2007-03-17
] endurance race. Following that victory, Benoist retired permanently, but continued to run Bugatti's racing department until called up into the French Air Force.

World War II

In addition to Jean-Pierre Wimille, Robert Benoist became good friends with another Grand Prix driver, William Grover-Williams. [cite web
url=http://www.forix.com/8w/rb-w-jpw.html
title="A different danger - three champions at war"
publisher="8W"
author=Richard Armstrong
accessdate=2007-03-18
] When World War II broke out and France was occupied, these three race drivers all escaped to England where they joined the Special Operations Executive as secret agentscite web
url= http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/may22/soe.htm
title= "Special Operations Executive (SOE) files"
publisher= The National Archives UK
accessdate=2007-03-17
] to return to France to assist the French Resistance. Parachuted into France, Benoist helped organize sabotage cells and with William Grover-Williams moved weapons from air-drops in the Rambouillet forest to his home at Auffargis for storage and distribution.

In June of 1943, the "Prosper" network in Paris collapsed as a result of an informant and its leaders, Francis Suttill and Andrée Borrel, were arrested by the Gestapo. In August, Benoist's home was raided by the Gestapo and Grover-Williams was captured and executed at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Capture and escape

Three days later, Robert Benoist was apprehended in Paris. While being driven to Gestapo headquarters, Benoist leaped from the moving vehicle and escaped,cite web
url= http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/may22/soe.htm
title= "Special Operations Executive (SOE) files"
publisher= The National Archives UK
accessdate=2007-03-17
] eventually being smuggled back to England via the underground.

New missions

Benoist would later return to France on a second mission, lasting from October 1943 to February 1944, after which he returned to London for a short time before going back to France in March to work in the Nantes area with fellow SOE agent Denise Bloch.

Robert Benoist was arrested on June 18, 1944 and shipped to Buchenwald concentration camp where he was executed three months later, on September 11.

Testimony

Following Germany's surrender, on September 9, 1945 (the date of the first anniversary of his death) the "Coupe Robert Benoist" automobile race was held in Paris in his memory.

Captain Robert Benoist is recorded on the Brookwood Memorial in Surrey, England and as one of the SOE agents who died for the liberation of France, he is listed on the "Roll of Honor" on the Valençay SOE Memorial in the town of Valençay, in the Indre _fr. departement of France.

In his honor, the village of Auffargis named a street after him and it is there in the churchyard cemetery on "Allée Robert Benoist" that fellow pioneer race driver, Ferenc Szisz is buried.

Bibliography

*"Au volant: Cours pratique de conduite automobile", Bernard-Précy, Robert Benoist, Paris, Ed. Tallandier 1933
* Foot, MRD: "SOE in France" (HMSO, London 1966)
* Ryan Robert: "Early One Morning" , Headline 2002 ISBN 074726872X
* Pernod Alain: "Grand Prix de France, un si�cle en histoires" , ed. ETAI, 2006, ISBN 2-7268-8657-4
* Saward, Joe: "The Grand Prix Saboteurs", Morienval Press, London, 2006, ISBN 978-0-9554868-0-7

References


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