February 4


February 4

Events

* 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.
*960 - The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that would last more than three centuries.
*1454 - In the Thirteen Years' War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.
*1703 - In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-Seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death.
*1789 - George Washington is unanimously elected to be the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
*1792 - George Washington is unanimously elected to a second term as President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
*1794 - The French legislature abolishes slavery throughout all territories of the French Republic.
*1801 - John Marshall is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.
*1810 - Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.
*1825 - The Ohio Legislature authorizes the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the Miami and Erie Canal.
*1859 - The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
*1861 - American Civil War: In Montgomery, Alabama, Delegates from six break-away U.S. states meet and form The Confederate States of America.
*1899 - The Philippine-American War begins.
*1932 - World War II: Japan occupies Harbin, China.
*1936 - Radium E becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
*1941 - World War II: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.
*1943 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad ends.
*1945 - World War II: The Yalta Conference begins.
*1948 - Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth.
*1957 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS|Nautilus|SSN-571, logs its 60,000th nautical mile, matching the endurance of the fictional "Nautilus" described in Jules Verne's novel ""20,000 Leagues Under the Sea"".
*1966 - All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 jet plunges into Tokyo Bay, killing 133.
*1969 - Yasser Arafat takes over as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
*1974 - The Symbionese Liberation Army kidnaps Patty Hearst in Berkeley, California.
*1975 - Haicheng earthquake, M 7.3, occurred in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.
*1976 - In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 22,000.
*1980 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran.
*1992 - A Coup d'état is led by Hugo Chávez Frías, against Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
*1996 - Major snowstorm paralyzes Midwestern United States, Milwaukee, Wisconsin ties all-time record low temperature at -26°F (-32.2°C)
*1997 - En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.
*1997 - After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Milošević recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.
*1998 - An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.
*1999 - Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot dead by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race-relations in the city.
*1999 - The "New Carissa" runs aground near Coos Bay, Oregon.
*2000 - German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.
*2003 - The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed to Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.
*2006 - A stampede occurs in the ULTRA Stadium near Manila killing 71.

Births

*1524 - Luis de Camões, Portugal's greatest poet. (d. 1580)
*1575 - Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1629)
*1620 - Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (d. 1667)
*1646 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. 1699)
*1677 - Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
*1688 - Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (d. 1763)
*1725 - Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)
*1746 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian national hero (d. 1817)
*1778 - A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
*1799 - Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (d. 1854)
*1808 - Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
*1831 - Oliver Ames, 35th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
*1841 - Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
*1846 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (d. 1915)
*1848 - Jean Aicard, French poet (d. 1921)
*1849 - Jean Richepin, French poet (d. 1926)
*1859 - Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
*1871 - Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
*1872 - Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
*1873 - Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (d. 1905)
*1875 - Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (d. 1953)
*1881 - Fernand Léger, French painter (d. 1955)
*1891 - Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, Speaker of Lok Sabha (d: 1978).
*1892 - Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
* 1892 - E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
*1895 - Nigel Bruce, English actor (d. 1953)
*1896 - Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (d. 1938)
* 1896 - Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)
*1897 - Ludwig Erhard, 2nd Bundeskanzler of Germany (d. 1977)
*1900 - Jacques Prévert, French poet and lyricist (d. 1977)
*1901 - Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
*1902 - Charles Lindbergh, American pilot (d. 1974)
* 1902 - Hartley Shawcross, British lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
*1904 - MacKinlay Kantor, American writer (d. 1977)
*1905 - Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (d. 1986)
*1906 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian (d. 1945)
* 1906 - Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer (d. 1997)
*1908 - Julian Bell, British poet (d. 1937)
*1912 - Ola Skjåk Bræk, Norwegian politician (d. 1999)
* 1912 - Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (d. 1993)
* 1912 - Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
* 1912 - Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, archbishop of Quebec (d. 2006)
*1913 - Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (d. 2005)
*1914 - Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
*1915 - Ray Evans, American songwriter with Jay Livingston (d. 2007)
* 1915 - William Talman, American actor (d. 1968)
* 1915 - Norman Wisdom, English actor and comedian
*1916 - Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi Sufi Order (d. 1980)
*1917 - Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1980)
*1918 - Ida Lupino, English film actress and director (d. 1995)
* 1918 - Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)
* 1918 - Janet Waldo, American actress
*1921 - Betty Friedan, American feminist (d. 2006)
*1922 - Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Indian Classical Singer
*1923 - Conrad Bain, Canadian-born actor
*1925 - Russell Hoban, American writer
*1929 - Jerry Adler, American actor
*1931 - Isabel Martínez de Perón, third wife of Argentine president Juan Perón
*1935 - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (d. 1989)
*1936 - David Brenner, American comedian
* 1936 - Gary Conway, American actor
*1937 - David Newman, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
*1940 - George Romero, American director, screenwriter and producer
* 1940 - John Schuck, American actor
*1941 - John Steel, British musician (The Animals)
*1943 - Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese president of the regional government of Madeira
* 1943 - Ken Thompson, American computer scientist
*1944 - Florence LaRue, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
*1947 - Dan Quayle, 44th Vice President of the United States
*1948 - Alice Cooper, American musician
*1949 - Michael Beck, American actor
*1950 - Pamela Franklin, British actress
*1951 - Patrick Bergin, Irish actor
* 1951 - Phil Ehart, American musician (Kansas)
* 1951 - Dariush Eghbali, Iranian singer and musician
* 1951 - Stan Papi, American baseball player
*1952 - Lisa Eichhorn, American actress
* 1952 - Jerry Shirley, drummer of rock band Humble Pie.
* 1952 - Li Yinhe, Chinese sexologist
*1953 - Kitaro, Japanese composer
*1955 - Mikuláš Dzurinda, Slovak Prime minister
*1957 - Don Davis, American composer
* 1957 - Evan Wolfson, American attorney and activist
*1958 - Tomasz Pacyński, Polish writer
*1959 - Pamelyn Ferdin, American actress
* 1959 - Lawrence Taylor, American football player.
*1960 - Tim Booth, British singer ("James")
* 1960 - Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)
* 1960 - Jenette Goldstein, American actress
* 1960 - Jonathan Larson, American composer (d. 1996)
*1961 - Stewart O'Nan, American author
* 1961 - Denis Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
*1962 - Clint Black, American musician
* 1962 - Michael Riley, Canadian actor
* 1962 - Alfred Twardecki, Polish historian
*1963 - Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss skier
*1964 - Noodles, American guitarist (The Offspring)
*1965 - Jerome Brown, American football player (d. 1992)
*1966 - Viatcheslav Ekimov, Russian cyclist
* 1966 - Kyoko Koizumi, Japanese actress and singer
*1967 - Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater (d. 1995)
*1968 - Marko Matvere, Estonian actor
*1969 - Duncan Coutts, Canadian bassist (Our Lady Peace)
* 1969 - Dallas Drake, ice hockey player
* 1969 - Brandy Ledford, American actress and model
*1970 - Gabrielle Anwar, English actress
*1971 - Rob Corddry, American actor and comedian
* 1971 - Michael A. Goorjian, American actor
*1972 - Giovanni Silva De Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
*1973 - Oscar de la Hoya, Mexican-born boxer
*1974 - Eric Townsend, American musician and record producer
* 1974 - Mijntje Donners, Dutch hockey international
*1975 - Natalie Imbruglia, Australian musician and actress
* 1975 - Konstantinos Nebegleras, Greek footballer
*1976 - Cam'ron, American rapper
*1977 - Gavin DeGraw, American musician
*1978 - Danna Garcia, Colombian actress
*1979 - Andrei Arlovski, Russian mixed martial artist
*1979 - Giorgio Pantano, Italian racing car driver
*1981 - Ben Hendrickson, American baseball player
* 1981 - Jason Kapono, America professional basketball player
* 1981 - Tom Mastny, Indonesian baseball player
* 1981 - Johan Van Summeren, Belgian cyclist
*1982 - Chris Sabin, American professional wrestler
* 1982 - Tomas Vaitkus, Lithuanian professional road racing cyclist
* 1982 - Kimberly Wyatt, American singer and dancer (Pussycat Dolls)
*1984 - Mauricio Pinilla, Chilean footballer
*1985 - Bug Hall, American actor
*1986 - Mohammad Mahmudullah, Bangladeshi cricketer
*1987 - Lucie Šafářová, Czech tennis player
*1988 - Eoin McDowell, Irish rugby player
* 1988 - Alexandros Pagalis, Greek footballer
* 1988 - Carly Patterson, American gymnast
*1990 - Haruka Tomatsu, Japanese Seiyū

Deaths

* 211 - Septimius Severus, Emperor of Rome (b. 146)
* 708 - Pope Sisinnius
* 856 - Rabanus Maurus, Bishop of Mainz (b. circa 780)
* 869 - Saint Cyril, Greek missionary to the Slavs (b. 827)
*1508 - Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)
*1590 - Gioseffo Zarlino, Italian composer (b. 1517)
*1615 - Dom Justo Takayama, Japanese warlord (b. 1552)
*1615 - Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian scholar, polymath and child prodogy (b. 1535)
*1617 - Louis Elsevier, Dutch publisher (b. 1546)
*1694 - Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
*1713 - Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (b. 1671)
*1774 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
*1799 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
*1781 - Josef Mysliveček, Czech composer (b. 1737)
*1894 - Adolphe Sax, Belgian instrument maker (b. 1814)
*1905 - Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (b. 1841)
*1928 - Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1853)
*1933 - Archibald Sayce, English educator (b. 1846)
*1936 - Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party (b. 1895)
*1940 - Nikolai Yezhov, Head of Soviet NKVD (b. 1895)
*1943 - Frank Calder, the first NHL President (b. 1877)
*1944 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
* 1944 - Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
*1958 - Henry Kuttner, American author (b. 1915)
*1959 - Una O'Connor, Irish actress (b. 1880)
*1966 - Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American president of the National Geographic Society (b. 1875)
*1967 - Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1886)
*1968 - Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926)
*1974 - Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1894)
*1975 - Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
* 1975 - Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)
*1977 - Brett Halliday, American writer (b. 1904)
*1982 - Alex Harvey, Scottish musician (b. 1935)
* 1982 - Georg Konrad Morgen, German judge (b. 1909)
*1983 - Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters) (b. 1950)
*1987 - Liberace, American musician (b. 1919)
* 1987 - Carl Rogers, American psychologist (b. 1902)
*1990 - Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1917)
*1992 - Lisa Fonssagrives, Swedish model (b. 1911)
*1994 - Fred De Bruyne, Belgian cyclist (b. 1930)
*1995 - Godfrey Brown, British athlete and teacher (b. 1915)
* 1995 - Patricia Highsmith, American author (b. 1921)
*2000 - Carl Albert, American politician, 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1908)
* 2000 - Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)
* 2000 - Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
*2001 - J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (b. 1924)
* 2001 - Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer and architect (b. 1922)
*2002 - George Nader, American film and television actor (b. 1921)
*2003 - Charlie Biddle, Canadian jazz bassist (b. 1926)
* 2003 - Benyoucef Ben Khedda, Algerian politician (b. 1920)
* 2003 - André Noyelle, Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)
*2006 - Betty Friedan, American feminist (b. 1921)
* 2006 - Myron Waldman, American animator (b. 1908)
*2007 - Steve Barber, American baseball pitcher (b. 1938)
* 2007 - José Carlos Bauer, Brazilian World Cup footballer (b. 1925)
* 2007 - Ilya Kormiltsev, Russian poet and translator (b. 1959)
* 2007 - Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (b. 1934)
* 2007 - Jules Olitski, Ukrainian-born American abstract painter and sculptor (b. 1922)
*2008 - Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister (b. 1942)

Holidays and observances

*Ancient Latvia - Biezputras Diena observed.
*Independence Day in Sri Lanka (1948).
*Angolan Anniversary of the Outbreak of Armed Struggle against Portuguese Colonialism.
*World Cancer Day
*Across the Universe DayIn the Roman Catholic Church:
*Andrew Corsini
*Saint Gilbert (d. 1189)
*Saint John de Britto
*Saint Rembert of Torhout
*Saint Veronica
February 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/4 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Feb&day=04 On this day in Canada] ----


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