January 28


January 28

Events

*1077 - Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
*1521 - The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
*1547 - Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England.
*1573 - Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
*1754 - Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word "serendipity".
*1624 - Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.
*1724 - The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
*1760 - Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.
*1813 - Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
*1820 - Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
*1846 - Battle of Aliwal, India won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
*1855 - The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
*1871 - Franco-Prussian War: Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
*1878 - "Yale Daily News" becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
*1887 - In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
*1902 - The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, D.C. with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
*1909 - United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American War.
*1915 - An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard.
*1916 - Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
*1917 - Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
*1918 - Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
*1921 - A symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is installed beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to honor the unknown dead of World War I.
*1922 - Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.
*1932 - Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
*1933 - The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
*1934 - The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont.
*1935 - Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
*1938 - The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195.
*1941 - French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
*1945 - World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
*1958 - The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
*1980 - USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
*1981 - Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
*1982 - US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity under the Red Brigades.
*1986 - Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission (Space Shuttle Challenger disaster) - Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts onboard.
*2002 - TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.

Births

*1225 - Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)
*1312 - Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
*1457 - King Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
*1540 - Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
*1582 - John Barclay, Scottish writer (d. 1621)
*1600 - Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
*1608 - Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
*1611 - Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (d. 1687)
*1622 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
*1701 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
*1706 - John Baskerville, English printer (d. 1775)
*1712 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
*1717 - Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774)
*1719 - Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
*1755 - Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (d. 1830)
*1784 - George Hamilton Gordon Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1860)
*1818 - George S. Boutwell, 20th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
*1822 - Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
*1833 - Charles George 'Chinese' Gordon, British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
*1841 - Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh-born explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
*1853 - José Martí, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1895)
*1855 - William Seward Burroughs I, American inventor (d. 1898)
*1863 - Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
*1864 - Charles W. Nash, co-founder of Nash Motors, which would become American Motors as well as co-founder of Buick (d. 1948)
* 1864 - Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
*1865 - Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
* 1865 - Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
*1873 - Colette, French writer (d. 1954)
*1874 - Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatre director (d. 1940)
*1879 - Francis Picabia, French-born painter and poet (d. 1953)
*1880 - Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (d. 1970)
*1884 - Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist (d. 1962)
*1886 - Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
* 1886 - Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
*1887 - Arthur Rubinstein, Polish pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
*1890 - Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
*1891 - Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)
*1892 - Ernst Lubitsch, German-born film director (d. 1947)
*1897 - Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (d. 1986)
*1899 - Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
*1900 - Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
*1903 - Aleksander Kamiński, Polish writer (d. 1978)
*1904 - Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (d. 1979)
*1908 - Paul Misraki, French composer and songwriter (d. 1998)
*1909 - John Thomson, Scottish footballer (d. 1931)
*1910 - John Banner, Austrian actor (d. 1973)
* 1910 - Arnold Moss, American actor (d. 1989)
* 1910 - Verda Bryant, American author
*1912 - Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
*1918 - Harry Corbett, English puppeteer (Sooty) (d. 1989)
* 1918 - Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (d. 2004)
*1919 - Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (d. 2002)
*1922 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
*1927 - Ronnie Scott, British jazz tenor saxophonist and jazz club owner (d. 1996)
* 1927 - Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (d. 2001)
*1929 - Acker Bilk, English jazz clarinetist
* 1929 - Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-born artist
*1933 - Jack Hill, American film director
*1934 - Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (d. 1990)
* 1934 - Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
*1935 - David Lodge, English author
*1936 - Ismail Kadare, Albanian writer
* 1936 - Alan Alda, American actor, writer, and director
*1938 - Leonid Zhabotynsky, Ukrainian weightlifter
*1940 - Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman
*1941 - Joel Crothers, American actor (d. 1985)
*1943 - Paul Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player
*1943 - Dick Taylor, English musician (The Rolling Stones and The Pretty Things)
*1944 - Susan Howard, American actress
* 1944 - John Tavener, English composer
*1945 - Robert Wyatt, English musician
*1948 - Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
* 1948 - Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
*1949 - Gregg Popovich, NBA Basketball Coach
*1950 - Barbi Benton, American actress
* 1950 - Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah, King of Bahrain
*1950 - Bob Hay, American songwriter and musician
*1951 - Brian Bilbray, American politician
* 1951 - Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian cosmonaut
*1953 - Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
* 1953 - Chris Carter, English musician (Throbbing Gristle, Chris & Cosey)
*1954 - Rick Warren, American pastor and author
*1955 - Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France
* 1957 - Mark Napier, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1957 - Frank Skinner English comedian
*1959 - Frank Darabont, American filmmaker
* 1959 - Burkhard Dallwitz, German-born composer
* 1959 - Randi Rhodes, Nova M Radio personality
* 1959 - Dave Sharp, Welsh guitarist (The Alarm)
*1960 - Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer, and producer
*1961 - Normand Rochefort, Canadian ice hockey player
*1962 - Keith Hamilton Cobb, American actor
* 1962 - Sam Phillips, American singer
*1963 - Dan Spitz, American musician, guitarist for Anthrax
*1965 - Lynda Boyd, American actress
*1967 - Jan Lamb, Hong Kong disc jockey & stand-up comedian
*1968 - Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer and songwriter
* 1968 - DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)
* 1968 - Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper
*1969 - Kathryn Morris, American actress
* 1969 - Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian
* 1969 - Linda Sanchez, American politician
*1971 - Anthony Hamilton, American soul singer
*1972 - Nicky Southall, English footballer
*1974 - Tony Delk, American basketball player
* 1974 - Jermaine Dye, American baseball player
* 1974 - Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player
*1975 - David Zingler, American writer
* 1975 - Anne Montminy, Canadian Olympic diver
* 1975 - Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer
* 1975 - Junior Spivey, American baseball player
* 1975 - Terri Colombino, American Actress
*1976 - Mark Madsen, American basketball player
* 1976 - Jarrod Montague, American drummer (Taproot)
* 1976 - Lee Ingleby, British actor
* 1976 - Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek footballer
* 1976 - Emiko Kado, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
*1977 - Daunte Culpepper, American football player
* 1977 - Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)
* 1977 - Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)
* 1977 - Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver
* 1977 - Lyle Overbay, American baseball player
*1978 - Gianluigi Buffon, Italian footballer
* 1978 - Jamie Carragher, English footballer
* 1978 - Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer
*1979 - Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder
*1980 - Nick Carter, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
* 1980 - Jesse James Hollywood, American drug dealer and fugitive
*1981 - Rick Razzano, American football player
* 1981 - Elijah Wood, American actor
*1984 - Andre Iguodala, American basketball player
*1985 - Arnold Mvuemba, French footballer
*1986 - Jessica Ennis, English heptathlete
* 1986 - Shruti Haasan, Indian actress
* 1986 - Alexis Texas, porn star
*1988 - Henry Mortensen, American actor

Deaths

* 814 - Charlemagne (b. 742)
*1061 - Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)
*1271 - Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)
*1443 - Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France
*1547 - King Henry VIII of England (b. 1491)
*1596 - Sir Francis Drake, English explorer and soldier
*1599 - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
*1613 - Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
*1621 - Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
*1681 - Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
*1672 - Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France (b. 1588)
*1687 - Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer (b. 1611)
*1697 - John Fenwick, English conspirator
*1754 - Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (b. 1684)
*1832 - Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
*1859 - Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
*1864 - Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
*1903 - Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
*1912 - Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
*1915 - Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)
*1918 - John McCrae, Canadian poet (b. 1872)
*1935 - Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (b. 1859)
*1937 - Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)
*1938 - Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (b. 1909)
*1939 - William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1865)
*1947 - Reynaldo Hahn, French composer (b. 1875)
*1949 - Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
*1950 - Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)
*1951 - Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, president of Finland (b.1867)
*1953 - James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
* 1953 - Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)
*1959 - Walter Beall, American baseball player (b. 1899)
*1960 - Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)
*1963 - Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)
*1965 - Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
* 1965 - Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
*1971 - Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
*1979 - Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (b. 1901)
*1973 - John Banner, Austrian actor (b. 1910)
*1975 - Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
*1983 - Billy Fury, British singer (b. 1940)
* 1983 - Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1890)
*1986 - Greg Jarvis - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1944)
* 1986 - Christa McAuliffe - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1948)
* 1986 - Ronald McNair - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1950)
* 1986 - Ellison Onizuka - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1946)
* 1986 - Judith Resnik - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1949)
* 1986 - Francis R. Scobee - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1939)
* 1986 - Michael J. Smith - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1945)
*1988 - Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)
*1994 - Hal Smith, American actor (b. 1916)
*1996 - Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Laureate (b. 1940)
* 1996 - Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
* 1996 - Burne Hogarth, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
*1999 - Markey Robinson, Irish painter (b. 1918)
* 1999 - , Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
*2001 - Curt Blefary, American baseball player (b. 1943)
*2002 - Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)
*2004 - Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)
* 2004 - Don Cholito, Puerto Rican radio host (b. 1923)
* 2004 - Elroy Hirsch, American football player (b. 1923)
* 2004 - Don Stansauk, American professional wrestler (b. 1936)
* 2004 - Joe Viterelli, American actor (b. 1937)
*2005 - Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
* 2005 - Karen Lancaume, French actress (suicide) (b. 1973)
* 2005 - Jacques Villeret, French actor (b. 1951)
*2006 - Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b. around 1900)
* 2006 - Henry McGee, English comedian (b. 1929)
*2007 - Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)
* 2007 - Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
* 2007 - Karel Svoboda, Czech composer of popular music (b. 1938)
* 2007 - Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
* 2007 - Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (b. 1963)
* 2007 - Emma Tillman, the world's oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
*2008 - Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (b. 1939)
* 2008 - Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (b. 1925)

Holidays and observances

* Catholicism - Feast day of St. Thomas Aquinas
* World Leprosy Day
* January 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/28 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jan&day=28 On This Day in Canada] ----


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