Max Jacob

Max Jacob
Max Jacob

Max Jacob, photographed by Carl van Vechten
Born 12 July 1876 (1876-07-12)
Quimper, Finistère, Brittany
Died 5 March 1944 (1944-03-06)
Drancy Deportation Camp
Pen name Léon David and Morven le Gaëlique
Nationality French

Max Jacob (July 12, 1876 – March 5, 1944) was a French poet, painter, writer, and critic.


Life and career

After spending his childhood in Quimper, Brittany, France, he enrolled in the Paris Colonial School, which he left in 1897 for an artistic career. On the Boulevard Voltaire, he shared a room with Pablo Picasso, who introduced him to Guillaume Apollinaire, who in turn introduced him to Georges Braque. He would become close friends with Jean Cocteau, Jean Hugo, Christopher Wood and Amedeo Modigliani, who painted his portrait in 1916. He also befriended and encouraged the artist Romanin, otherwise known as French politician and future Resistance leader Jean Moulin. Moulin's famous nom de guerre Max is presumed to be selected in honor of Jacob.

Jacob, who had Jewish origins, claimed to have had a vision of Christ in 1909, and converted to Catholicism.

Max Jacob is regarded as an important link between the symbolists and the surrealists, as can be seen in his prose poems Le cornet à dés (The Dice Box, 1917 - the 1948 Gallimard edition was illustrated by Jean Hugo) and in his paintings, exhibitions of which were held in New York City in 1930 and 1938.

His writings include the novel Saint Matorel (1911), the verses Le laboratoire central (1921), and Le défense de Tartuffe (1919), which expounds his philosophical and religious attitudes.


Eventually he would be forced to move to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, Loiret, where he was hiding during the German occupation of World War II. Jewish by birth, Jacob’s brother was deported to Auschwitz and then his sister Mirthé-Léa and her husband were deported where they were murdered by the Nazis. On February 24, 1944 Max Jacob too was arrested by the Gestapo and put into Orléans prison. He was then transferred to Drancy internment camp from which he was to be transported to a concentration camp in Germany. However, said to be suffering from bronchial pneumonia, Max Jacob died in Drancy[1] on March 5.[2]

First interred in Ivry, after the war ended in 1949 his remains were transferred by his artist friends Jean Cassou, Pablo Picasso and René Iché (who sculpted the tomb of the poet) to the cemetery at Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire in the Loiret département.


As well as his nom d'état civil, or regular name, Jacob worked under at least two pseudonyms, Léon David and Morven le Gaëlique.

See also

  • Furniture music: Erik Satie's second set of furniture music was composed and performed in 1920 as Entr'acte music for one of Jacob's comedies (Ruffian toujours, truand jamais - text of this play is lost)
  • The Selected Poems of Max Jacob, trans. William Kulik (Oberlin College Press, 1999), ISBN 0-932440-86-X
  • Monsieur Max (2007), French TV movie starring Jean-Claude Brialy as Jacob, in Brialy's last film role


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Max Jacob — en 1934, photographie de Carl van Vechten (Library of Congress) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Jacob — im Jahre 1934 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Max Jacob (auch: Jakob; * 12. Juli 1876 in Quimper; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Jacob — Para otros usos de este término, véase Jacob (desambiguación). Retrato de Max Jacob por Amedeo Modigliani. Max Jacob. (Quimper, Bretaña, 11 de julio de 1876 † Campo de concentración de Drancy, 5 de marzo de 1944). Escrito …   Wikipedia Español

  • Max Jacob (Puppenspieler) — Max Jacob (* 10. August 1888 in Ems; † 8. Dezember 1967 in Hamburg), international bisweilen auch als Makkusu Yakopu bekannt, war ein deutscher Puppenspieler und der Begründer der Hohnsteiner Puppenspiele. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Werdegang 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Jacob Friedländer — Max Jakob Friedländer (* 5. Juli 1867 in Berlin; † 11. Oktober 1958 in Amsterdam) war ein deutscher Kunstwissenschaftler und Kunsthistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Kunsthistorischer Stellenwert 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Jacob (puppeteer) — This article is about Max Jacob the German puppeteer. For the French writer, see Max Jacob. Max Jacob (* 10. August 1888 in Bad Ems; † 8. December 1967 in Hamburg) was a German puppeteer and the developer of the Hohnsteiner Kasper Theatre in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Prix Max-Jacob — Littérature Par catégories …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rue Max-Jacob — 13e arrt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dialogues Avec Max Jacob — est un essai du poète et romancier Louis Émié, paru pour la première fois en 1954 aux éditions Corrêa/Buchet Chastel. S il n a rencontré que deux fois le poète Max Jacob, Émié a entretenu avec celui ci une amitié durable, entretenue par des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dialogues avec max jacob — est un essai du poète et romancier Louis Émié, paru pour la première fois en 1954 aux éditions Corrêa/Buchet Chastel. S il n a rencontré que deux fois le poète Max Jacob, Émié a entretenu avec celui ci une amitié durable, entretenue par des… …   Wikipédia en Français

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