June 27


June 27

Events

*1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded
*1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
*1743 - War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: on the battlefield in Bavaria, George II personally leads troops into battle. The last time that a British monarch would command troops in the field.
*1759 - General James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.
*1806 - The British capture Buenos Aires during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
*1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are murdered by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail.
*1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
*1867 - The Bank of California is created.
*1893 - Crash of the New York Stock Exchange.
*1898 - The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.
*1905 - (June 14 according to the Julian calendar): Battleship Potemkin uprising: sailors start a mutiny aboard the Battleship "Potemkin", denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war.
*1923 - Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
*1941 - German troops capture the city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa.
*1950 - The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.
*1954 - The world's first nuclear power station opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.
*1957 - Hurricane Audrey kills 500 people in Louisiana and Texas.
*1966 - The first broadcast of "Dark Shadows" is aired on ABC-TV.
*1967 - The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London.
*1969 - The Stonewall riots that mark the beginning of the gay liberation movement begin in Greenwich Village in Manhattan.
*1973 - The President of Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup d'état.
*1974 - U.S president Richard Nixon visits the U.S.S.R..
*1976 - Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) is hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.
*1977 - France grants independence to Djibouti.
*1980 - A commercial DC-9 (Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870) crashes near Ustica, Italy, killing 81.
*1984 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau wins the Albert Einstein Peace Prize.
*1985 - U.S. Route 66 ceases to be an official U.S. highway.
*1986 - The International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in "Nicaragua v. United States".
*1987 - A commercial HS 748 (Philippine Airlines Flight 206) crashes near Baguio City, Philippines, killing 50.
*1991 - Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before, is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.
*1998 - Opening of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Malaysia.
*2001 - The International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in the LaGrand Case.
* 2001 - Pope John Paul II beatifies 28 Ukrainian Greek Catholics, including 27 martyrs most of whom were killed by the Soviet secret police. Beatification takes place at the service in Lviv, western Ukraine during his first visit to this country.
*2003 - The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolls almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day.
*2005 - AMD files broad antitrust complaints against Intel Corporation in U.S. Federal District Court, alleging abuse of monopoly powers and antitrust violations.
*2007 - The Brazilian Military Police invades the "favelas" of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.
*2008 - Bill Gates steps down as Chairman of Microsoft Corporation to work full time for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Births

*1040 - King Ladislaus I of Hungary (d. 1095)
*1350 - Manuel II Palaiologos, Eastern Roman Emperor
*1462 - King Louis XII of France (d. 1515)
*1550 - King Charles IX of France (d. 1574)
*1696 - William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier (d. 1759)
*1717 - Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (d. 1799)
*1838 - Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)
*1846 - Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish independence fighter (d. 1891)
*1850 - Lafcadio Hearn, Greek-born author (d. 1904)
* 1850 - Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
*1869 - Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
* 1869 - Emma Goldman, Lithuanian/American anarchist and feminist (d. 1940)
* 1869 - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
*1880 - Helen Keller, American deaf and blind activist (d. 1968)
*1882 - Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and educator (d. 1963)
*1884 - Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher and poet (d. 1962)
*1888 - Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
* 1888 - Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
*1892 - Paul Colin, French poster designer (d. 1985)
*1899 - Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)
*1905 - Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
*1907 - John McIntire, American actor (d. 1991)
*1908 - João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (d. 1967)
*1913 - Willie Mosconi, American billiards player (d. 1993)
*1914 - Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981)
* 1914 - Giorgio Almirante, Italian politician (d. 1988)
*1921 - Muriel Pavlow, British actress
*1923 - Jacques Berthier, French composer (d. 1994)
*1924 - Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (d. 2003)
* 1924 - Bob Appleyard, English cricketer
*1925 - Doc Pomus, American blues singer/songwriter (d. 1991)
*1927 - Bob Keeshan, American actor (d. 2004)
*1928 - Rudy Perpich, American politician (d. 1995)
*1929 - William Afflis, American wrestler (d. 1991)
*1930 - Ross Perot, American businessman and politician
*1931 - Charles Bronfman, Canadian industrialist
* 1931 - Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
*1932 - Anna Moffo, American soprano (d. 2006)
* 1932 - Eddie Kasko, baseball player
* 1932 - Magali Noël, French actress
*1935 - Laurent Terzieff, French actor
* 1935 - Ramon Zamora, Filipino martial arts actor (d. 2007)
*1936 - Lucille Clifton, American poet
*1938 - Tommy Cannon, British comedian
* 1938 - Shirley Anne Field, British actress
* 1938 - Kathryn Beaumont, British voice actress
*1939 - Rahul Dev Burman, Indian composer and actor (d. 1994)
*1941 - Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (d. 1996)
* 1941 - Bill Baxley, American politician
* 1941 - James P. Hogan, British science fiction author
* 1941 - Avi Lerner, Israeli-born American film producer
*1942 - Bruce Johnston, American musician (The Beach Boys)
* 1942 - Frank Mills, Canadian pianist and composer
*1943 - Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
* 1943 - Kjersti Døvigen, Norwegian actress
*1944 - Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist
*1948 - Camile Baudoin, American musician
*1949 - Vera Wang, American fashion designer
*1951 - Mary McAleese, President of Ireland
*1951 - Julia Duffy, American actress
*1952 - Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (d. 1993)
*1955 - Isabelle Adjani, French actress
*1956 - Heiner Dopp, German field hockey player
* 1956 - Brad Childress, American football coach
* 1956 - Ted Haggard, American evangelical preacher
*1958 - Lisa Germano, American singer, songwriter and musician
*1958 - Brian Helicopter, Musician, bass guitarist (The Shapes, HellsBelles, Rogue Male)
* 1958 - Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
* 1958 - Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (The Gun Club) (d. 1996)
*1959 - Dan Jurgens, American comic book writer
* 1959 - Lorrie Morgan, American country music singer
*1961 - Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress
* 1961 - Margo Timmins, Canadian folk-rock singer (Cowboy Junkies)
*1962 - Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Hong Kong actor
*1963 - Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer
*1963 - Johnny Benson, American NASCAR driver
*1964 - Stephan Brenninkmeijer, Dutch film producer and director
* 1964 - Chuck Person, American basketball player
*1966 - J. J. Abrams, American television writer and producer
*1967 - Sylvie Fréchette, French-Canadian synchronized swimmer
*1968 - Pascale Bussières, French-Canadian actress
*1970 - John Eales , Australian Rugby Player
* 1970 - Jim Edmonds, American baseball player
*1971 - Yancey Arias, American actor
* 1971 - Jo Frost, English nanny and television host
*1974 - Big Moe, American musician (Screwed Up Click)
* 1974 - Christian Kane, American actor and singer
*1975 - Tobey Maguire, American actor
* 1975 - Daryle Ward, American baseball player
* 1975 - Ace Darling, American professional wrestler
* 1975 - Sarah Evanetz, Canadian swimmer
*1976 - Johnny Estrada, American baseball player
*1977 - Raúl, Spanish footballer
* 1977 - Arkadiusz Radomski, Polish footbaler
*1978 - Anna Kumble, British Singer, also known as Lolly
*1979 - Kim Gyu-ri, South Korean actress
*1979 - Benjamin Speed, Australian musician and film composer
* 1979 - John Warne, American musician (Relient K; Ace Troubleshooter)
*1980 - Kevin Pietersen, English cricketer
* 1980 - Craig Terrill, American football player
*1983 - Alsou, Russian singer
* 1983 - Dale Steyn, South African cricketer
* 1983 - Evan Taubenfeld, American musician
*1984 - Rocio Guirao Diaz, Argentinian Model
* 1984 - Gökhan Inler, Swiss footballer
* 1984 - Julie Ordon, Swiss model
* 1984 - Emma Lahana, New Zealand actress
* 1984 - Khloe Kardashian, American reality television star
*1985 - Svetlana Kuznetsova, Russian tennis player
* 1985 - Coby Linder, American Pop Punk Drummer (Say Anything)
* 1985 - Nico Rosberg, German race car driver
* 1985 - James Hook, Welsh rugby player
*1986 - Drake Bell, musician/ songwriter / American actor
* 1986 - LaShawn Merritt, American sprinter
*1987 - Ed Westwick, American actor
*1988 - Kate Ziegler, American swimmer
*1989 - Matthew Lewis, English actor
*1989 - Travis Curtis, American Artist/ Amateur Skateboarder
*1990 - Aselin Debison, Canadian singer
*1991 - Madylin Sweeten, American actress

Deaths

*1162 - Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1118)
*1458 - King Alfonso V of Aragon (b. 1396)
*1574 - Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (b. 1511)
*1603 - Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
*1627 - John Hayward, English historian
*1655 - Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1598)
*1672 - Roger Twysden, English antiquarian (b. 1597)
*1720 - Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
*1773 - Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
*1794 - Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
* 1794 - Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French nobleman (b. 1715)
* 1794 - Anne d'Arpajon, comtesse de Noailles, French noblewoman (b. 1729)
*1827 - Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
*1829 - James Smithson, English scientist and philanthropist (b. 1765)
*1831 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (b. 1776)
*1844 - Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (b. 1800)
* 1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1805)
*1907 - Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator (b. 1822)
*1912 - George Bonnor, Australian cricketer (b. 1855)
*1917 - Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (b. 1896)
*1935 - Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (b. 1857)
*1944 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
*1952 - Max Dehn, German mathematician (b. 1878)
*1954 - Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (b. 1881)
*1960 - Lottie Dod, English athlete (b. 1871)
*1962 - Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (b. 1904)
*1970 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1902)
*1986 - George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1905)
*1989 - Alfred Jules Ayer, British philosopher (b. 1910)
*1991 - Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (b. 1953)
* 1991 - Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter (b. 1921)
*1996 - Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (b. 1909)
*1998 - Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (b. 1935)
*1999 - George Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (b. 1919)
*2001 - Tove Jansson, Finnish author (b. 1914)
* 2001 - Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)
*2002 - John Entwistle, English bassist (The Who) (b. 1944)
*2003 - David Newman, American filmmaker (b. 1937)
*2004 - George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)
* 2004 - Darrell Russell, American race car driver (b. 1968)
*2005 - Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)
* 2005 - Frank Harte, Traditional Irish Singer and song collector
* 2005 - John T. Walton, American businessman (b. 1946)
* 2005 - Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
* 2005 - Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
*2006 - Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as "The Railway Killer" (b. 1959)
*2007 - Patrick Allotey, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1979)
* 2007 - Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
* 2007 - William Hutt, Canadian stage and film actor (b. 1920)
*2008 - Michael Turner, American comic book artist (b. 1971)
*2008 - Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal (b. 1914)

Holidays and observances

* Mixed Race Day in Brazil
* National HIV Testing Day in United States
* National Veterans' Day in the United Kingdom
* Our Lady of Perpetual Help
* Saint Cyril of Alexandria
* Saint Ladislas
* Seven Sleepers Day (Siebenschläfertag) in Germany

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/27 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jun&day=27 On This Day in Canada] ----


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  • June — June, n. [L. Junius: cf. F. Juin. So called either from Junius, the name of a Roman gens, or from Juno, the goddess.] The sixth month of the year, containing thirty days. [1913 Webster] And what is so rare as a day in June? Then, if ever, come… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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