1942


1942
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years: 1939 1940 194119421943 1944 1945
1942 by topic:
Subject
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtAviation – Awards – ComicsFilmLiterature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transportRadioScienceSportsTelevision
By country
AustraliaCanada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – IndiaIreland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New ZealandNorway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA
Leaders
Sovereign statesState leadersReligious leaders – Law
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
Works and introductions categories
Works – Introductions
v · d · e
1942 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1942
MCMXLII
Ab urbe condita 2695
Armenian calendar 1391
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԱ
Assyrian calendar 6692
Bahá'í calendar 98 – 99
Bengali calendar 1349
Berber calendar 2892
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 7 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2486
Burmese calendar 1304
Byzantine calendar 7450 – 7451
Chinese calendar 辛巳年十一月十五日
(4578/4638-11-15)
— to —
壬午年十一月廿四日
(4579/4639-11-24)
Coptic calendar 1658 – 1659
Ethiopian calendar 1934 – 1935
Hebrew calendar 5702 – 5703
Hindu calendars
 - Bikram Samwat 1998 – 1999
 - Shaka Samvat 1864 – 1865
 - Kali Yuga 5043 – 5044
Holocene calendar 11942
Iranian calendar 1320 – 1321
Islamic calendar 1360 – 1361
Japanese calendar Shōwa 17
(昭和17年)
Korean calendar 4275
Minguo calendar ROC 31
民國31年
Thai solar calendar 2485
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Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

February

March

April

Spring 1942: the Nazi German extermination camp Treblinka II opens in occupied Poland near the village of Treblinka

May

June

June 4: The Japanese aircraft carrier, Hiryū under attack by US aircraft at the Battle of Midway.

July

August

  • August 7 – WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal begins – The U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps begin the first American offensive of the war with an amphibious landing on the island of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
  • August 8Walt Disney's animated film, Bambi premieres in United Kingdom.
  • August 9
    • Indian leader, Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces.
    • Start, led by the goalkeeper Nikolai Trusevich, play football against the German Luftwaffe team Flakelf in Nazi-occupied Kiev. Against all odds, they win 5–3. Eight of them are later arrested and tortured, and at least four are killed.
  • August 13
    • WWII: In Washington, DC, six Germans would-be saboteurs are executed (Two others were cooperative and received sentences of life imprisonment instead. One was spared because of his quite young age: execution was considered to be too harsh for such a young man. The imprisoned ones were freed a few years after the end of the war.)
    • Quit India resolution is passed by the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC), which led to the start of a historical civil disobedience movement across India.
  • August 14 night – In London, instruments detect a massive burst of cosmic rays.
  • August 15 – WWII: The American tanker SS Ohio reaches Malta as part of the convoy of Operation Pedestal.
  • August 16
    • Polish-Jewish teacher Janusz Korczak follows a group of Jewish children into the Treblinka death camp.
    • The U.S. Navy blimp L-8 (Flight 101) comes ashore near San Francisco, eventually coming down in Daly City (the crew is missing).
  • August 17 – WWII: First raid by heavy bombers of U.S. Eighth Air Force against occupied France.
  • August 19 – WWII – Dieppe Raid: Allied forces raid Dieppe, France.
  • August 22 – WWII: Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.
  • August 23 – WWII: German troops reach the suburbs of Stalingrad.
  • August 25
  • August 30Luxembourg is formally annexed to the German Reich.
  • August 31 – A general strike is launched in Luxembourg to protest against forced conscription.
  • August 31September 5 – WWII: Battle of Alam Halfa

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January–June

July–December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal dsc06171.png

References

  1. ^ The actual number of victims, including the ten person crew, is uncertain, although a recent study concludes it may have been as high as 791, of which 785 were Jewish.[1] Franz & Collins' book Death on the Black Sea: The Untold Story of the Struma and WWII's Holocaust at Sea, calls it simply the "largest naval civilian disaster of the war." (page 255)
  2. ^ Treblinka - ein Todeslager der "Aktion Reinhard", in: "Aktion Reinhard" - Die Vernichtung der Juden im Generalgouvernement, Bogdan Musial (ed.), Osnabrück 2004, pp. 257–281.
  3. ^ Donald L. Niewyk, Francis R. Nicosia, The Columbia guide to the Holocaust, Columbia University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-231-11200-9. Page 210
  4. ^ Taphilo.com
  5. ^ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. pp. 241–242. ISBN 0-13-354027-8. 
  6. ^ Dawson, Jeff (2005). Dead Reckoning: The Dunedin Star Disaster. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0753820447. http://books.google.com/books?id=naMFHgAACAAJ. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 

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