2001 : January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December Millennium: 3rd millennium Centuries: 20th century – 21st century – 22nd century Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s – 2000s – 2010s 2020s 2030s Years: 1998 1999 2000 – 2001 – 2002 2003 2004 2001 by topic: News by month Jan – Feb – Mar – Apr – May – Jun
Jul – Aug – Sep – Oct – Nov – Dec
Arts Architecture – Art – Comics – Film – Home video – Literature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Metal, UK) – Radio – Television – Video gaming Politics Elections – Int'l leaders – Politics – State leaders – Sovereign states Science and technology Archaeology – Aviation – Birding/Ornithology – Meteorology – Palaeontology – Rail transport – Science – Spaceflight Sports Sport – Athletics (Track and Field) – Australian Football League – Baseball – Basketball – Football (soccer) – Cricket – Ice Hockey – Motorsport – Tennis – Rugby league By place Algeria – Argentina – Australia – Brazil – Canada – People's Republic of China – Denmark – El Salvador – Egypt – European Union – France – Germany – Ghana – India – Iraq – Iran – Ireland – Israel – Italy – Japan – Kenya – Lithuania – Luxembourg – Malaysia – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Pakistan – Palestinian territories – Philippines – Poland – Romania – Russia – Singapore – South Africa – South Korea – Spain – Sri Lanka – United Arab Emirates – United Kingdom – United States – Zimbabwe Other topics Awards – Law – Religious leaders Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works and introductions categories Works – Introductions 2001 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 2001
Ab urbe condita 2754 Armenian calendar 1450
Assyrian calendar 6751 Bahá'í calendar 157–158 Bengali calendar 1408 Berber calendar 2951 British Regnal year 49 Eliz. 2 – 50 Eliz. 2 Buddhist calendar 2545 Burmese calendar 1363 Byzantine calendar 7509–7510 Chinese calendar 庚辰年十二月初七日
(4637/4697-12-7)— to —辛巳年十一月十七日
Coptic calendar 1717–1718 Ethiopian calendar 1993–1994 Hebrew calendar 5761–5762 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 2057–2058 - Shaka Samvat 1923–1924 - Kali Yuga 5102–5103 Holocene calendar 12001 Iranian calendar 1379–1380 Islamic calendar 1421–1422 Japanese calendar Heisei 13
Korean calendar 4334 Minguo calendar ROC 90
Thai solar calendar 2544 Unix time 978307200–1009843199
2001 (MMI) was a common year that started on a Monday. In the Gregorian Calendar, it was the 2001st year of the Common Era or the Anno Domini designation. It was the 2nd year of the 2000s decade. It was also the first year of the 3rd millennium and of the 21st century.
- January 1 – A black monolith measuring approximately 9 feet (2.7 m) tall appears in Seattle, Washington's Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous artist in reference to the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.
- January 8 – Noah, a Gaur, is born, the first animal of an endangered species to be cloned.
- January 11 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission approves the merger of America Online and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner.
- January 13 – A 7.6 magnitude earthquake hits all of El Salvador, killing at least 800 people and leaving thousands homeless.
- January 15 – Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, launches on the internet.
- January 17 – Impeachment proceedings against Philippine President Joseph Estrada, accused of playing Jueteng, end preeminently and trigger the second EDSA People Power Revolution or People Power II.
- January 20 – George W. Bush succeeds Bill Clinton as the 43rd President of the United States.
- January 23–January 25 – United Nations war crimes prosecutor Del Ponte demands that Serbia hand over Slobodan Milošević.Confirmation needed
- January 23 – The Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident occurs.
- January 25 – A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela, killing 24.
- January 26 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, killing more than 12,000.
- February 6 – Likud Party leader Ariel Sharon wins election as Prime Minister of Israel.
- February 9 – The submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Japanese fishing vessel Ehime-Maru near Hawaii.
- February 12 – The NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
- February 13 – A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
- February 16 – Iraq disarmament crisis: British and U.S. forces carry out bombing raids, attempting to disable Iraq's air defense network.
- February 18 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested and charged with spying for Russia for 15 years.
- February 18 – Seven times Nascar Winston Cup champion Dale Earnhardt dies as a consequence of an accident in the last turn of the 2001 Daytona 500.
- February 20 – The 2001 UK foot and mouth crisis begins.
- March 23 – The Russian space station Mir re-enters the atmosphere near Nadi, Fiji, and falls into the Pacific Ocean.
- April 1
- Hainan Island incident: A Chinese fighter jet bumps into a U.S. EP-3E surveillance aircraft, which is forced to make an emergency landing in Hainan, China. The U.S. crew is detained for 10 days and the F-8 Chinese pilot, Wang Wei, goes missing and is presumed dead.
- Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
- In the Netherlands, the Act on the Opening up of Marriage goes into effect. The Act allows same-sex couples to marry legally for the first time in the world since the reign of Nero.
- April 26 – Junichiro Koizumi becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
- April 28 – Soyuz TM-32 lifts off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, carrying the first space tourist, American Dennis Tito
- May 6 – Space tourist Dennis Tito returns to Earth aboard Soyuz TM-31. (Soyuz TM-32 is left docked at the International Space Station as a new lifeboat.)
- May 7 – In Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, an attempt is made to reconstruct the Ferhadija mosque. However, the ceremony results in mass riots by Serb nationalists, who beat and stone 300 elderly Bosnian Muslims.
- May 13 – Silvio Berlusconi and the Italian House of the Liberties coalition win the general elections.
- May 22 – A large trans-Neptunian object (28978 Ixion) is found during the Deep Ecliptic Survey.
- May 22–May 23 – The Bahá'í Terraces officially open on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel (site of the Shrine of the Báb and the Bahá'í World Centre).
- May 24
- Sherpa Temba Tsheri, 16, becomes the youngest person to summit Mount Everest.
- The Versailles wedding hall disaster kills 23 in Jerusalem, Israel.
- Jim Jeffords, the United States Senator for Vermont, leaves the Republican Party and becomes an Independent. He joins the Democratic caucus, giving them a 51-49 majority for the remainder of 107th United States Congress.
- June 1
- Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal kills his father, the king, his mother and other members of the royal family with an assault rifle and then shoots himself in the Nepalese royal massacre. Dipendra dies June 4, as King of Nepal. His uncle Gyanendra accedes to the throne.
- A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21, mostly teenagers, in the Dolphinarium disco in Tel Aviv, Israel.
- June 5–June 9 – Tropical Storm Allison produces 36 inches (900 mm) of rain in Houston, Texas, killing 22, damaging the Texas Medical Center, and causing more than 5 billion American dollars of damage overall.
- June 11 – In Terre Haute, Indiana, Timothy McVeigh is executed for the Oklahoma City bombing.
- June 19 – An missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11. According to U.S. officials, it was an Iraqi missile that malfunctioned.
- June 20 – Pervez Musharraf becomes President of Pakistan after the resignation of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar.
- June 21 – The world's longest train is set up by BHP Iron Ore and is recorded going between Newman and Port Hedland in Western Australia (a distance of 275 km, or 170 miles) and the train consists of 682 loaded iron ore wagons and 8 GE AC6000CW locomotives, giving a gross weight of almost 100,000 tonnes and moves 82,262 tonnes of ore; the train is 7.353 km (4.569 mi) long.
- June 23 – An earthquake (7.9 on the Richter scale) hits the south of Peru.
- July 2 – The world's first self-contained artificial heart is implanted in Robert Tools.
- July 3 – A Vladivostokavia Tupolev Tu-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia, killing 145.
- July 13 – Beijing wins the bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympics.
- July 16
- The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation sign the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation.
- The FBI arrests Dmitry Sklyarov at a convention in Las Vegas, Nevada, for violating a provision of the DMCA.
- July 17 – The Altamira caves's replica (created by Manuel Franquelo and Sven Nebel) is inaugurated.
- July 18 – In Baltimore, Maryland, a 60-car train derailment occurs in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore.
- July 19 – UK politician and novelist Jeffrey Archer is sentenced to 4 years in prison for perjury and perverting the course of justice.
- July 20–July 22 – The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa, Italy. Massive demonstrations are held against the meeting by anti-globalisation groups. One demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani, is shot dead by a carabiniere. Several others are badly injured during a police attack on a school used by the protesters as their headquarters.
- July 24 – Tamil Tigers attack Bandaranaika International Airport in Sri Lanka, causing an estimated $500 million of damages.
- July 28 – Alejandro Toledo is sworn in as the new president of Peru, 8 months after a vote of no-confidence in former President Alberto Fujimori.
- August 9
- U.S. President George W. Bush announces his limited support for federal funding of research on embryonic stem cells.
- In the Comoros, the "Military Committee" of Major Mohamad Bacar seizes power in the island of Anjouan, which had declared independence. They plan to rejoin the Comoros.
- Sbarro Restaurant in Jerusalem is attacked by a Palestinian Terrorist, killing 15 civilians and wounding 130
- August 31-September 1 - The British Columbia TV Realignment occurs in British Columbia, Canada.
- September 5 – Peru's attorney general files homicide charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori.
- September 6 – United States v. Microsoft: The United States Justice Department announces that it no longer seeks to break up software maker Microsoft, and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
- September 9 – A suicide bomber kills Ahmed Shah Massoud, military commander of the Afghan Northern Alliance.
- September 10 – Norwegian parliamentary election, 2001: Kjell Magne Bondevik returns to power as head of a conservative coalition.
- September 11 – Nearly 3,000 are killed in the September 11 attacks at the World Trade Center in New York City; the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia; and in rural Shanksville, Pennsylvania after American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 crash into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers, American Airlines Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93 crashes into grassland in Shanksville.
- September 12 – Israel sends tanks into Jericho, West Bank, starting a new military operation.
- September 18 – The 2001 anthrax attacks commence as letters containing anthrax spores are mailed from Princeton, New Jersey to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, the New York Post, and the National Enquirer. 22 in total are exposed; 5 of them die.
- September 21 – In Toulouse, France, the AZote Fertilisant chemical factory explodes, killing 29 and seriously wounding over 2,500.
- October 4 – Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes over the Black Sea en route from Tel Aviv, Israel to Novosibirsk, Russia; 78 are killed.
- October 7 – War in Afghanistan (2001–present): The United States invades Afghanistan, with participation from other nations.
- October 8 – Flight SK686 of SAS collides first with a private plane and then a building in Milano Airport; 100 are killed.
- October 15 – NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles (180 km) of Jupiter's moon Io.
- October 19 – SIEV-X sinks en route to Christmas Island.
- October 26 – U.S. President George W. Bush signs the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
- November – The Doha Declaration relaxes the grip of international intellectual property law.
- November 2 – The Glocal Forum, leading international organization in the field of city-to-city cooperation, is established by Ambassador Uri Savir.
- November 4
- November 10
- November 12 – In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, headed to the Dominican Republic, crashes in Queens minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board.
- November 13
- Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a 4-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar.
- Symbionese Liberation Army member Kathleen Soliah (Sara Jane Olsen) withdraws her previous guilty plea.
- In the first such act since World War II, U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts against the United States.
- November 16 - Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone is released in theaters, starting a series of successful films until 2011.
- November 29 - George Harrison, former lead guitarist of The Beatles, dies of lung cancer at the age of 58.
- December 2 – Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection five days after Dynegy cancels a US$8.4 billion buyout bid (to that point, the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history).
- December 3 – Officials announce that one of the Taliban prisoners captured after the prison uprising at Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh, an American citizen.
- December 11
- December 13
- December 22
- December 26
- Steps, a British pop band, announce that they are splitting up.
- December 27
- October 12 - Raymond Ochoa, American actor
- October 25 – Princess Elisabeth of Belgium, daughter of Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant
- December 1 – Aiko, Princess Toshi of Japan
- January 12
- January 16 – Laurent-Désiré Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
- January 27 – Marie-José of Belgium, last Queen of Italy (b. 1906)
- January 31 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
- February 4 – Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer (b. 1922)
- February 9 – Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
- February 18
- February 19
- February 24 – Claude Elwood Shannon, American mathematician (b. 1916)
- February 25 – Sir Donald Bradman, Australian cricketer (b. 1908)
- March 12 – Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
- March 15 – Ann Sothern, American actress (b. 1909)
- March 18 – John Phillips, American singer (b. 1935)
- March 22 – William Hanna, American animator and businessman (b. 1910)
- March 31 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
- April 7 – David Graf, American actor (b. 1950)
- April 15 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (b. 1951)
- April 20 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)
- April 29 – Barend Biesheuvel, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1971 until 1973 (b. 1920)
- May 11 – Douglas Adams, English author (b. 1952)
- May 12 – Perry Como, American singer (b. 1912)
- May 13 – R. K. Narayan, Indian novelist (b. 1906)
- May 24 – Javier Urruticoechea, Spanish footballer (b. 1952)
- June 1 – King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
- June 3 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican-American actor (b. 1915)
- June 4 – King Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
- June 7 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
- June 11 – Timothy McVeigh, American convicted murderer (b. 1968)
- June 17 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)
- June 21 – John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1917)
- June 27
- June 28
- June 30 – Chet Atkins, American guitarist and record producer (b. 1924)
- July 1 – Nikolay Basov, Soviet physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
- July 11 – Gaspare di Mercurio, Italian doctor and author (b. 1926)
- July 29 – Edward Gierek, Polish politician (b. 1913)
- August 1 – Poul Anderson, American author (b. 1926)
- August 6 – Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
- August 20 – Fred Hoyle, British astronomer and writer (b. 1915)
- August 25
- September 2 – Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (b. 1922)
- September 3 – Thuy Trang, Vietnamese American actress (b. 1973)
- September 9 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghan military commander (b. 1953)
- September 11
- September 22 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920)
- October 15 – Zhang Xueliang, Chinese military figure (b. 1901)
- October 22 – Bertie Mee, English football player and coach (b. 1918)
- November 3 – Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich, OM, CBE, Austrian-born art historian (b. 1909)
- November 9 – Giovanni Leone, former Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1908)
- November 10 – Ken Kesey, American author (b. 1935)
- November 24
- November 25 – Gohar Shahi, Pakistani spiritual leader (b. 1941)
- November 29 – George Harrison, English musician (member of the Beatles)(b. 1943)
- December 12 – Josef Bican, Czech-Austrian footballer (b. 1913)
- December 13 – Chuck Schuldiner, American singer and guitarist (b. 1967)
- December 20 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, First president of Senegal (b. 1906)
- December 22 – Grzegorz Ciechowski, Polish musician (b. 1957)
- December 23 – Jelle Zijlstra, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1966 until 1967 (b. 1918)
- December 26 – Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (b. 1929)
- Physics – Eric Allin Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl Edwin Wieman
- Chemistry – William S. Knowles, Ryōji Noyori, K. Barry Sharpless
- Medicine – Leland H. Hartwell, R. Timothy Hunt, Paul M. Nurse
- Literature – V.S. Naipaul
- Peace – United Nations, Kofi Annan
- Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – George A. Akerlof, Michael Spence, Joseph E. Stiglitz
- The movie and novel 2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke.
- The 1983 Japanese manga Riki-Oh takes place in 2001.
- 2001 - The Year in Review - The Financial Times
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