- Texas Medical Center
The Texas Medical Center, with one of the highest densities of clinical facilities for patient care, basic science, and
translational researchof any location, is the largest medical district in the world. [ [http://www.houston.org/industryGuide/healthCare.asp Industry Guide: Health Care | Greater Houston Partnership ] ] The center is located in Houston, Texas, USA. The center contains 45 medicine-related institutions, including 13 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursingschools, and schools of dentistry, public health, pharmacy, and other health-related practices. All 45 institutions are not-for-profit. The center is where one of the first and largest air ambulance services was created and where a successful inter-institutional transplant program was developed. According to the Texas Medical Center, more heart surgeries are performed here than anywhere else in the world. [http://www.texmedctr.tmc.edu/root/en/GetToKnow/AboutTMC/About+the+TMC.htm]
The Texas Medical Center receives over five million annual patient visits, including over ten thousand international patients. In 2006, the center employed over 73,500 people, including 4,000 physicians and 11,000 registered nurses. http://www.texmedctr.tmc.edu/root/en/GetToKnow/FactsandFigures/FactsAndFigures.htm]
Adjacent to the center are
Rice University, Hermann Park, Reliant Parkand the Museum District.
Founding and early years
The Texas Medical Center was established in 1945 in part with funds endowed to the M.D. Anderson Foundation by businessman
Monroe Dunaway Anderson, who began the foundation two years prior to his death in 1939 to help keep his business partnership, Anderson, Clayton & Co, from dissolving due to estate taxes in the event of his death. [ [http://www.mdanderson.org/About_MDA/Who_We_Are/display.cfm?id=D78118AE-7845-11D4-AEC300508BDCCE3A&method=displayFull MDAnderson.org Biography of M.D. Anderson] ] Anderson funded the foundation with $300,000, and left an additional $19 million in his estate, making the M.D. Anderson Foundation the largest charitable fund ever created in Texas. The fund's first gift was a check of $1,000 to the Junior LeagueEye Fund for eyeglasses. In 1941, the Texas State Legislaturegranted funds to the University of Texasfor the purpose of starting a cancer research hospital. On the conditions that the hospital be established in Houston and be named after its founder, the M.D. Anderson Foundation matched the state's gift to the university by supplying funds and land.
President Roosevelt approved the purchase of convert|118|acre|km2 from the Hermann Estate in 1944 for the construction of a 1,000-bed naval hospital in Houston. The hospital, later renamed the
Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, opened in 1946 and became a teaching facility for the Baylor College of Medicine. Also in 1946, several projects were approved for inclusion in the Texas Medical Center including: Hermann Hospital, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, The Methodist Hospital, The Shriners Crippled Children's' Hospital (now known as Shriners Hospitals for Children), and the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. The M.D. Anderson Hospital for Cancer Research of the University of Texas began construction in 1953. Texas Children's Hospitaladmitted its first patient in 1954.
During the late 1950s, the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research opened. The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute at Houston added the Gimbel Research Wing. Texas Woman's University Nursing Program began instruction.
In 1962, the
Texas Heart Institutewas chartered and became affiliated with St. Luke's Episcopal Hospitaland Texas Children's Hospital. Ben Taub General Hospitalof the Harris County Hospital District opened.
Recent history and developments
In 1993, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center began a $248.6-million expansion project which constructed an inpatient pavilion with 512 beds, two research buildings, an outpatient clinic building, a faculty office building and a patient-family hotel. From 2005 to present, the George and Cynthia Mitchell Basic Sciences Research Building, the Ambulatory Clinical Building, the Cancer Prevention Center and a new research building on the South Campus opened. The for profit
ProtonTherapy Center, the largest facility in the United Stateswhere proton therapyis used to treat cancer, opened in July 2006. [ [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/front/4050076.html M.D. Anderson opens new proton therapy center, July 16, 2006] . "Houston Chronicle"]
The Memorial Hermann Healthcare System is constructing the six-floor, convert|165000|sqft|m2|sing=on Memorial Hermann Heart & Vascular Institute. Also recently completed is the 30-story Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza, which is now the largest medical office building in the Texas Medical Center. At night, it is recognizable by its unique rainbow lantern. [http://www.memorialhermannmedicalplaza.com/common/pdf/04BAR004_insert_bldgspec_HR.pdf] The new construction is part of the system's city-wide "Century Project" initiative.
Baylor College of Medicineopened The Baylor Clinicon June 29, 2005 and is currently in the process of building a state-of-the-art integrated hospital and clinic, to be called The Baylor Hospital, which will open sometime in 2011.
Texas Medical Center Institutions
Patient care institutions
Ben Taub General Hospital, part of the Harris County Hospital District
* The Houston Hospice and Palliative Care Systems
Memorial Hermann Hospital
The Methodist Hospital
St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital
Shriners Hospitals for Children— Houston
Texas Children's Hospital
The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research( TIRR)
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Houston
Woman's Hospital of Texas
Park Plaza Hospital
Academic and research institutions
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library
Houston Community College System— Health Science Programs
* The Methodist Healthcare System
** The Methodist Hospital Research Institute
** Methodist DeBakey Heart Center
** Methodist Neurological Institute
** Center for Cell and Gene Therapy
Texas A&M University System
** Institute of Biosciences and Technology
Prairie View A&M University— College of Nursing
Texas Heart Institute
Texas Southern University— College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
Texas Woman's University— Institution of Health Sciences, Houston
University of Houston— College of Pharmacy
University of Houston Health Science Center(proposed)
University of Houston System at Texas Medical Center(proposed)
* The University of Texas System
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
*** [http://www.db.uth.tmc.edu/ Dental Branch]
*** [http://gsbs.uth.tmc.edu/ Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences]
*** [http://hcpc.uth.tmc.edu/ Harris County Psychiatric Center]
*** [http://www.uth.tmc.edu/uth_orgs/imm/ Institute of Molecular Medicine]
*** [http://www.med.uth.tmc.edu/ Medical School]
*** [http://www.shis.uth.tmc.edu/ School of Health Information Sciences]
*** [http://son.uth.tmc.edu/ School of Nursing]
*** [http://www.sph.uth.tmc.edu/ School of Public Health]
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Michael E. DeBakey High School for Health Professions— named after Michael E. DeBakey
* John P. McGovern Texas Medical Center Commons Building
* John P. McGovern Campus Texas Medical Center
* City of Houston Department of Health and Human Services
* Gulf Coast Regional Blood Center
Harris County Medical Society
Houston Academy of Medicine
* The Institute of Religion and Health headed until his death in 2007 by the United
Methodistminister John E. Fellers
* Joseph A. Jachimczyk Forensic Center - Office of the Medical Examiner of Harris County
John P. McGovern Museum of Health and Medical Science
* LifeGift Organ Donation Center
Ronald McDonald Houseof Houston
YMCAChild Care Center in the Texas Medical Center
Facts and Figures
*5.5 Million – Approximate patient visits
*10,000+ – International patients
*6,500 – Beds; 600 bassinets
*10,000+ – M.D.s, Ph.D.s and other doctorates
*73,600 – Employees
*26,000+ – Registered nurses, LVN's, clinical caregivers, technicians, and medical support staff
*13,500 – Volunteers
*33,150 – Full-time students and more than 75,000 part-time students
*1,000 – Acres in the South Main area plus other locations throughout Houston, Texas and internationally
*37 Million – Square feet of existing, under construction, or programmed physical plant space
*$2 Billion – Approximate cost of buildings under active construction
*46,500+ – Parking spaces with 6,000 new parking spaces under construction
The Texas Medical Center [http://www.texmedctr.tmc.edu/root/en/TMCServices/Housing/Favrot.htm] operates the Laurence H. Favrot Tower Apartments; only medical professionals and other staff members of the Texas Medical Center and their dependents may live in the apartments.
Michael E. DeBakey High School for Health Professions, a public magnet school, is located east of the Texas Medical Center.
The area is served by Metro bus service and the "Red Line" of the
METRORail light railsystem. Three METRORailstations are located near the center: ( TMC Transit Center, Dryden/TMC Station, and Memorial Hermann Hospital/Houston Zoo Station).
Houston Fire DepartmentStation 33 Medical Center is near the Texas Medical Center at 7100 Fannin @ South Braeswood [http://www.houstontx.gov/fire/firestations/station33.html] .
The Texas Medical Center is within the
Houston Police Department's South Central Patrol Division [http://www.houstontx.gov/police/cs/beatpages/southcentral.htm] .
United States Postal ServiceMedical Center Station is located at 7205 Almeda Road, 77054-9998.
South Texas Medical Center
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
* [http://www.tmc.edu/ Texas Medical Center Homepage]
* [http://www.tmcmaps.info/ Texas Medical Center Maps and Driving Directions]
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