Muhammad Rafiq Tarar


Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
محمد رفیق تارڑ
File:Rafiq Tarar.jpg
9th President of Pakistan
In office
1 January 1998 – 20 June 2001
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Pervez Musharraf (Acting)
Preceded by Wasim Sajjad (Acting)
Succeeded by Pervez Musharraf
Personal details
Born 2 November 1929 (1929-11-02) (age 82)
Gujranwala, Punjab, British India
Political party Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
Alma mater University of the Punjab
Profession Lawyer
Judge
Religion Islam
Website Presidential library

Judge (retd.) Muhammad Rafiq Tarar (Urdu: محمد رفیق تارڑ) (born November 2, 1929) was the ninth President of Pakistan from January 1, 1998 until June 20, 2001 and before that Supreme Court of Pakistan judge and Chief Justice of Lahore High Court. During Pakistan's independence in 1947, Rafiq Tarar performed voluntary duty as a relief worker in camps set up by Muslim Students Federation for refugees, migrating from India to Pakistan.

Contents

Life

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar born in Muslim Jat family in 1929. His native village is Pir kot, a peaceful village situated in Gujranwala district. He completed his matriculation from Atta Muhammad School, Gujranwala and graduated from the Islamia College in Gujranwala, in 1949. In 1951, Mr. Tarar secured his Law Degree from Law College, Lahore.

Professional career

In 1951, he enrolled as a Pleader. He also was enrolled as an Advocate in the Lahore High Court during October 1955. After graduating, he established a practice in Gujranwala before rising to the position of Additional District and Session Judge and later District and Session Judge.In 1971 he became Chairman of the Punjab Labor Court. He was alleviated as a judge of Lahore High Court in October 1974 and later became the Chief Justice of the same court in 1989. Earlier, during his days as Judge of the Lahore High Court, he also served as member of the Pakistan Election Commission. Justice Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was elevated as a Judge of the Supreme Court in January 1991, from which he retired in November 1994 on attaining the age of 65 years.

President of Pakistan

He was brought out of his retirement by Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and afterwards he was elected as member of the Senate in 1997 on the PML(N) Party ticket. Later in the same year he was elected as the President of Pakistan on December 31, 1997 with record number of votes.

During his presidency, Tarar was mostly a figurehead ruler. The Presidency of Pakistan's powers had been slowly removed over the years, culminating in 1997 Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan which removed virtually all remaining reserve powers, making the office almost entirely symbolic in nature as per the true spirit of the Pakistani constitution.

Retirement

Tarar was not removed from office when Pervez Musharraf seized control of the Pakistani government in 1999. While Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was deposed, Tarar chose to remain in office until 2001, at which point Musharraf assumed the presidency in order to restructure Pakistan's model of government.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Wasim Sajjad
Acting
President of Pakistan
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Pervez Musharraf

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