July 11


July 11

Events

*911 - Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
*1156 - Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
*1302 - Battle of the Golden Spurs ("Guldensporenslag" in Dutch) - a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's massive army.
*1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
*1405 - Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.
*1476 - Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
*1576 - Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
*1616 - Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
*1735 - Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
*1740 - Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
*1750 - Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
*1776 - Captain James Cook begins his third voyage.
*1789 - Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
*1796 - The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
*1798 - The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
*1804 - Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
*1811 - Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
*1848 - Waterloo railway station in London opens.
*1859 - "A Tale of Two Cities" by Charles Dickens is published.
*1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Fort Stevens; Confederate forces attempt to invade Washington, D.C..
*1882 - The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
*1889 - Tijuana, Mexico, is founded.
*1893 - The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
*1893 - A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
*1895 - The Lumière brothers demonstrate film technology to scientists.
*1897 - Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
*1906 - The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy."
*1914 - Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major league baseball.
*1919 - The eight-hour working day and free Sunday become law in the Netherlands.
*1921 - A truce is called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
* 1921 - Former U.S. President William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
* 1921 - Outer Mongolia gains its independence from the Republic of China.
*1922 - The Hollywood Bowl opens.
*1936 - The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic.
*1940 - World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
*1943 - Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
* 1943 - World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily - German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
*1944 - Franklin D. Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States.
*1947 - The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
*1950 - Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank.
*1955 - The phrase "In God We Trust" is added to all U.S. currency.
*1957 - Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
*1960 - Independence of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger.
* 1960 - "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published.
*1962 - First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
*1971 - Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
*1973 - A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on-board.
*1977 - Martin Luther King Jr. is posthumously awarded the Medal of Freedom.
*1978 - Los Alfaques Disaster: A truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
* 1979 - The space station "Skylab" reenters the Earths atmosphere.
*1983 - A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
*1987 - According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark.
*1990 - Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
*1991 - A Nationair DC-8 crashes during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter flight was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
*1995 - Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
* 1995 - A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
* 1995 - 7500 Bosnian men and children are killed by Serbian troops commanded by Ratko Mladic in Potocari near Srebrenica Bosnia and Herzegovina.
*2006 - 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

Births

*1274 - Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (d. 1329)
*1366 - Anne of Bohemia, consort of Richard II of England (d. 1394)
*1561 - Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
*1603 - Kenelm Digby, English privateer (d. 1665)
*1628 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
*1657 - King Frederick I of Prussia (d. 1713)
*1662 - Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1726)
*1709 - Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)
*1723 - Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (d. 1799)
*1751 - Caroline Matilda of Wales, queen consort of Denmark and Norway (d. 1775)
*1754 - Thomas Bowdler, English physician and censor (d. 1825)
*1767 - John Quincy Adams, President of the United States (d. 1848)
*1826 - Alexander Afanasyev, Russian folklorist (d. 1871)
*1832 - Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek politician (d. 1896)
*1846 - Leon Bloy, French writer (d. 1917)
*1850 - Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
*1851 - Millie and Christine McCoy, Conjoined twins (d. 1912)
*1864 - Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
*1866 - Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
*1886 - Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
*1892 - Thomas Mitchell, American film actor and screenwriter (d. 1962)
*1895 - Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
*1897 - Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
*1899 - E. B. White, American writer (d. 1985)
*1903 - Rudolf Abel, Soviet intelligence officer (d. 1971)
* 1903 - Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
*1906 - Herbert Wehner, German politician (d. 1990)
*1910 - Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998)
*1913 - Cordwainer Smith, American writer (d. 1966)
*1916 - Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
* 1916 - Reg Varney, English actor
* 1916 - Gough Whitlam, 21st Prime Minister of Australia
*1920 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)
*1921 - Ilse Werner, Dutch-born actress
*1922 - Gene Evans, American actor (d. 1998)
*1924 - César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (d. 2005)
* 1924 - Brett Somers, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
* 1924 - Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1971)
*1925 - Nicolai Gedda, Swedish tenor
*1926 - Frederick Buechner, American author
*1929 - David Kelly, Irish actor
* 1929 - Hermann Prey, German baritone (d. 1998)
*1930 - Harold Bloom, American literary critic
*1931 - Thurston Harris, American singer (d. 1990)
* 1931 - Tab Hunter, American actor
* 1931 - Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
*1932 - Jean-Guy Talbot, French Canadian ice hockey player
* 1932 - Bob McGrath, American actor
*1934 - Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
*1935 - Oliver Napier, Northern Irish politician
* 1935 - Frederick Hemke, American saxophonist
*1937 - Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
*1940 - Yvon Charbonneau, French Canadian union leader and politician
*1941 - Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver
*1943 - Oscar D'León, Venezuelan musician
* 1943 - Peter Jensen, Archbishop of Sydney
* 1943 - Rolf Stommelen, German race car driver (d. 1983)
*1944 - Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
*1945 - Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
*1946 - Cuthbert Johnson, Benedictine abbot.
*1947 - Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
*1949 - Liona Boyd, English-born musician
*1950 - Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist
* 1950 - Bruce McGill, American actor
* 1950 - J. R. Morgan, British classical scholar
* 1950 - Bonnie Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
*1951 - Robert R. McCammon, American horror novelist
*1952 - Bill Barber, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1952 - John Kettley, English weather forecaster
*1953 - Peter Brown, American singer, songwriter and producer
* 1953 - Mindy Sterling, American actress
* 1953 - Leon Spinks, American former boxer
*1954 - Butch Reed, American professional wrestler
*1956 - Sela Ward, American actress
*1957 - Peter Murphy, British musician (Bauhaus)
* 1957 - Michael Rose, Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
*1958 - Hugo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
* 1958 - Andrew Gilbert-Scott, British racing driver
*1959 - Richie Sambora, American musician (Bon Jovi)
* 1959 - Suzanne Vega, American singer
* 1959 - Dave Bennett, English footballer
* 1960 - David Baerwald American songwriter/composer
*1962 - Gaetan Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
* 1962 - Pauline McLynn, Irish actress
*1963 - Al MacInnis, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1963 - Lisa Rinna, American actress
*1964 - Craig Charles, English actor
* 1964 - Kyrill, Prince of Preslav, titular Bulgarian royal family
*1965 - Tony Cottee, English footballer
* 1965 - Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kickboxer
* 1965 - Scott Shriner, American musician (Weezer)
*1966 - Greg Grunberg, American actor
* 1966 - Mick Molloy, Australian comedian
*1967 - Jeff Corwin, American naturalist and TV personality
*1968 - Michael Geist, Canadian academic
* 1968 - Esera Tuaolo, American football player
*1969 - David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
*1970 - Justin Chambers, American actor
*1971 - Leisha Hailey, American actress and musician (Uh Huh Her)
*1972 - Jussi 69, Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
* 1972 - Steven Richards, Australian racing driver
* 1972 - Michael Rosenbaum, American actor
*1973 - Andrew Bird, American musician
* 1973 - Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek athlete
*1974 - Hermann Hreiðarsson, Icelandic footballer
* 1974 - André Ooijer, Dutch footballer
*1975 - Willie Anderson, American football player
* 1975 - Rubén Baraja, Spanish footballer
* 1975 - Riona Hazuki, Japanese actress
* 1975 - Samer el Nahhal, Finnish musician (Lordi)
* 1975 - Lil' Kim, American rapper
*1976 - Eduardo Nájera, Mexican-born basketball player
*1977 - Brandon Short, American football player
*1979 - Éric Abidal, French footballer
*1980 - T.J. Wilson, Canadian professional wrestler
*1981 - Carla Campbell, Jamaican model
* 1981 - Andre Johnson, American football player
* 1981 - Aaron Proctor, American professional wrestling promoter & politician
*1982 - Chris Cooley, American football player
* 1982 - Lil' Zane, American rapper
*1983 - Peter Cincotti, American singer songwriter
* 1983 - Kelly Poon, Singaporean singer
* 1983 - Evan Roberts, American radio broadcaster
* 1983 - Marie Serneholt, Swedish musician (A*Teens)
* 1983 - Kellie Shirley, British actress
*1984 - Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player
* 1984 - Tanith Belbin, Canadian ice dancer
* 1984 - Hitomi Hyuga, Japanese actress
* 1984 - Rachael Taylor, Australian actress
*1985 - Aki Maeda, Japanese actress
*1986 - Yoann Gourcuff, French footballer
* 1986 - Ryan Jarvis, English footballer
*1987 - Shigeaki Kato, Japanese idol singer (NEWS)
*1989 - David Henrie, American actor
*1990 - Connor Paolo, American actor
* 1990 - Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player

Deaths

* 472 - Anthemius, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
* 937 - King Rudolph II of Burgundy
* 969 - Olga of Kiev
*1174 - King Amalric I of Jerusalem (b. 1136)
*1183 - Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
*1302 - Robert II of Artois, French soldier (b. 1250)
*1535 - Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg (b. 1484)
*1581 - Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero
*1679 - William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
*1688 - King Narai of Siam (b. 1629)
*1766 - Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
*1774 - Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
*1775 - Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
*1797 - Ienăchiţă Văcărescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
*1806 - James Smith, American signer of the Declaration of Independence
*1825 - Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
*1844 - Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)

*1909 - Simon Newcomb, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1835)
*1929 - Billy Mosforth, English footballer (b. 1857)
*1920 - Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France (b. 1826)
*1936 - James Murray, American actor (b. 1901)
*1937 - George Gershwin, American composer (b. 1898)
*1959 - Charlie Parker, English cricketer (b. 1882)
*1966 - Delmore Schwartz, American poet (b. 1913)
*1967 - Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge (b. 1917)
*1971 - John W. Campbell, American writer and editor (b. 1910)
* 1971 - Pedro Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1940)
*1974 - Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
*1979 - Claude Wagner, French Canadian judge and politician (b. 1925)
*1983 - Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)
*1987 - Avi Ran, Israeli footballer (b. 1963)
*1987 - Yaakov Yitzchak Ruderman, American Rosh Yeshiva (b. 1901)
*1989 - Sir Laurence Olivier, acclaimed English stage and screen actor (b. 1907)
*1991 - Hitoshi Igarashi, English-Japanese translator of The Satanic Verses (b. 1947)
*1994 - Gary Kildall, American computer programmer (b. 1942)
* 1994 - Savannah, American porn star (b. 1970)
*1999 - Helen Forrest, American singer (b. 1917)
*2000 - Pedro Mir, Dominican poet (b. 1913)
* 2000 - Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
*2001 - Herman Brood, Dutch singer and artist (b. 1946)
*2004 - Laurance Rockefeller, American conservationist and philanthropist (b. 1910)
*2005 - Gretchen Franklin, English actress (b. 1911)
* 2005 - Frances Langford, American actress and singer (b. 1914)
* 2005 - Jesús Iglesias, Argentine professional racing driver (b. 1922)
* 2005 - Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese professional wrestler
*2006 - Barnard Hughes, American actor (b. 1915)
* 2006 - John Spencer, English snooker player (b. 1935)
*2007 - Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
* 2007 - Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (b. 1913)
* 2007 - Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1914)
* 2007 - Glenda Adams, Australian author (b. 1939)
* 2008 - Michael DeBakey, American surgeon and inventor (b. 1908)

Holidays and observances

*United Nations - World Population Day
*Flanders, region in Belgium (not a public holiday) - Flemish Day (1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs)
*Ireland - National Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
*Mongolia - Naadam Holiday
*China - China National Maritime Day
*Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint)
*Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order)
* Bonfire night in Northern Ireland, precursor to The Twelfth

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/11 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jul&day=11 On This Day in Canada] ----


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • July — is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer) and the… …   Wikipedia

  • July 1 — July 1st redirects here. For the Ayumi Hamasaki song, see H (song). Day The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year. It also falls on the same day of the week as New Year s Day in a leap year.Events* 251 The Battle of Abrittus is… …   Wikipedia

  • July — ist der Familienname von: Frank Otfried July (* 1954), evangelischer Pfarrer und Landesbischof der Evangelischen Landeskirche in Württemberg Miranda July (* 1974), US amerikanische Künstlerin, Regisseurin, Schauspielerin, Musikerin und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • July — ► NOUN (pl. Julys) ▪ the seventh month of the year. ORIGIN from Latin Julius mensis month of July , named after the Roman general Julius Caesar …   English terms dictionary

  • July — Ju*ly , n.; pl. {Julies}. [L. Julius; named from Caius Julius C[ae]sar, who was born in this month: cf. F. Juillet.] The seventh month of the year, containing thirty one days. [1913 Webster] Note: This month was called {Quintilis}, or the fifth… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • July — c.1050, Iulius, from Anglo Fr. julie, O.Fr. Jule, from L. Iulius fifth month of the Roman calendar (which began its year in March), renamed after his death and deification in honor of Gaius Julius Caesar, who was born in this month, which… …   Etymology dictionary

  • July — [joo lī′, jo͞olī, jəlī′] n. pl. Julies [ME Julie < Anglo Fr < L Julius < mensis Julius, the month of CAESAR2 (Gaius) Julius] the seventh month of the year, having 31 days: abbrev. Jul, Jl,Jy, or J …   English World dictionary

  • July — Ju|ly [dʒuˈlaı] n plural Julies [U and C] written abbreviation Jul. [Date: 1100 1200; : Latin; Origin: Julius, from Gaius Julius Caesar ( CAESAR), who was born in this month] the seventh month of the year, between June and August next/last July ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • July 7 — The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced Seven seven ) have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London s transport system. In China, this term is used to denote the Battle of Lugou Bridge… …   Wikipedia

  • July */*/*/ — UK [dʒʊˈlaɪ] / US [dʒuˈlaɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms July : singular July plural Julys the seventh month of the year, between June and August We re moving into our new house in July. The wedding is on July 19th. We bought this car… …   English dictionary

  • July 25 — Events* 285 Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co ruler. * 306 Constantine I is proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops. * 864 The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings. * 1139 Battle of Ourique:… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.