List of state leaders in 1942


List of state leaders in 1942

1941 state leaders - Events of 1942 - 1943 state leaders - State leaders by year-----

See also:
*List of religious leaders in 1942
*List of international organization leaders in 1942

Africa

* Egypt -
**Monarch - Farouk I, King of Egypt (1936-1952)
**Prime Minister -
**# Hussein Sirri Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (1940-1942)
**# Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (1942-1944)
* Ethiopia -
**Monarch - Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-1974)
**Prime Minister - Makonnen Endelkachew, Prime Minister of Ethiopia (1942-1957)
* Liberia - Edwin Barclay, President of Liberia (1930-1944)
* South Africa -
** Monarch - George VI, King of South Africa (1936-1952)
** Governor-General - Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of South Africa (1937-1943)
** Prime Minister - Jan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa (1939 - 1948)
* Zanzibar - Sayyid Khalifa bin Harub Al-Busaid, Sultan of Zanzibar (1911-1960)

Asia

*Afghanistan
**Monarch - Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1933-1973)
**Prime Minister - Sardar Mohammad Hashim Khan, Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1929-1946)
* Bhutan
**Monarch - Jigme Wangchuk, King of Bhutan (1926-1952)
**Chief Minister - Raja Sonam Tobgay Dorji, Chief Minister of Bhutan (1917-1952)
* Brunei - Ahmad Tajuddin, Sultan of Brunei (1924–1950)
* Republic of China
** Chongqing Government (Nationalist China, pro-Allies)
***Head of State - Lin Sen, Chairman of the National Government (1932-1943)
***Premier - Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Executive Yuan (1939-1945)
** Nanjing Government (pro-Japan)
***Head of State - Wang Jingwei, Chairman of the National Government (1940-1944)
* India -
**Monarch - George VI, Emperor of India (1936-1947)
**Viceroy - The Marquess of Linlithgow, Viceroy of India (1936-1943)
* Japan -
** Monarch - Showa Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1926-1989)
** Prime Minister - Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan (1941-1944)
* Manchukuo (Japanese puppet state)
**Monarch - Kangde (Henry Puyi), Emperor of Manchukuo (1934-1945)
**Premier - Zhang Jinghui, Premier of Manchukuo (1935-1945)
* Oman - Said Bin Taimur, Sultan of Oman (1932-1970)

Australia and Oceania

*Australia -
** Monarch - George VI, King of Australia (1936-1952)
** Governor-General - Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Baron of Gowrie, Governor-General of Australia (1936-1952)
** Prime Minister - John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia (1941-1945)

*New Zealand
** Monarch - George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (1936-1952)
**Governor-General - Sir Cyril Newall, Governor-General of New Zealand (1941-1946)
**Prime Minister -Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-1949)

* Tonga
** Monarch - Salote Tupou III, Queen of Tonga (19181965)
** Prime Minister - S. Ata, Prime Minister of Tonga, (19411949)

Europe

* Albania (in personal union with, and occupied by, Italy)
**Monarch - Victor Emmanuel III, King of Albania (1939-1943)
**Prime Minister - Mustafa Merlika-Kruja, Prime Minister of Albania (1941-1943)

* Andorra
**Co-Princes -
***French Head of State - Philippe Pétain, Co-Prince of Andorra (1940-1944)
***Bishop of Urgel - Ricardo Fornesa, acting Co-Prince of Andorra (1940-1943)
**First Syndic - Francesc Cairat Freixes, First Syndic of Andorra (1937-1960)
* Belgium (under German occupation, except for Belgian Congo)
**Monarch - Léopold III, King of the Belgians (1934-1951)
**Military Governor - Alexander von Falkenhausen, German Military Governor of Belgium and Northern France (1940-1944)
**Prime Minister - Hubert Pierlot, Prime Minister of Belgium (1939-1945, in exile in London)
* Bohemia and Moravia (German puppet state, not recognized by the Allies, who continue to recognize the Czechoslovak Government-in-Exile in London)
**President - Emil Hácha, President of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945)
**Protector - Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath, Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1943)
**Acting Protector -
**# Reinhard Heydrich, acting Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (1941-1942)
**# Kurt Daluege, acting Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (1942-1943)
**Prime Minister - Jaroslav Krejcí, Prime Minister of Bohemia and Moravia (1942-1945)
* Bulgaria
**Monarch - Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-1943)
**Prime Minister - Bogdan Filov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1940-1943)
* Croatia (Axis puppet state not recognized by rest of the world)
**Leader - Ante Pavelić, Leader of Croatia (1941-1945)
* Czechoslovakia (Government-in-Exile in London. The area of Czechoslovakia was at this time divided between Germany, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and Slovakia, the latter two German puppet states)
**President - Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia (1940-1945, in exile)
**Prime Minister - Jan Srámek, Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (1940-1945, in exile)
* Denmark
** Monarch - Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-1947)
** Prime Minister -
**# Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1929-1942)
**# Vilhelm Buhl, Prime Minister of Denmark (1942)
**# Erik Scavenius, Prime Minister of Denmark (1942-1945)
* Éire (Ireland) -
**Monarch - George VI, King of Ireland (1936-1949)
**President - Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (1938-1945)
**Prime Minister - Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach (1937-1948)
* Finland -
**President - Risto Heikki Ryti, President of Finland (1940-1944)
**Prime Minister - Johan Wilhelm Rangell, Prime Minister of Finland (1941-1943)
* France (Northern half under German occupation, Southern half also from November)
**Vichy France
***Head of State - Philippe Pétain, Head of State (1940-1944)
***Prime Minister -
***# Philippe Pétain, President of the Council (1940-1942)
***# Pierre Laval, President of the Council (1942-1944)
**National Committee of the Free French - Charles de Gaulle, Chairman (1941-1943)
**France in Africa (pro-allied government of former Vichyists established in North Africa following the Torch landings in November)
**#François Darlan, High Commissioner of France in Africa (1942)
**#Henri Giraud, High Commissioner of France in Africa (1942-1943)
* Germany -
**Head of State - Adolf Hitler, Führer (1934-1945)
**Chancellor - Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany (1933-1945)
* Greece (under German occupation) -
**Government in Exile (in Cairo)
***Monarch - George II, King of the Hellenes (1935-1947)
***Prime Minister - Emmanouil Tsouderos, Prime Minister of Greece (1941-1944)
**Quisling Government in Athens
***Monarch - George II, King of the Hellenes (1935-1947 (in theory)0
***Prime Minister -
***# Georgios Tsolakoglu, Prime Minister of Greece (1941-1942)
***# Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, Prime Minister of Greece (1942-1943)
* Hungary -
**Regent - Miklós Horthy, Regent of Hungary (1920-1944)
**Prime Minister -
**# László Bárdossy, Prime Minister of Hungary (1941-1942)
**# Miklós Kállay, Prime Minister of Hungary (1942-1944)
* Iceland -
**Monarch - Christian X, King of Iceland (1918-1944)
**Regent - Sveinn Björnsson, Regent of Iceland (1941-1944)
**Prime Minister -
**#Hermann Jónasson, Prime Minister of Iceland (1934-1942)
**#Ólafur Thors, Prime Minister of Iceland (1942)
**#Björn Thórdarson, Prime Minister of Iceland (1942-1944)
* Italy -
**Monarch - Vittorio Emanuele III, King of Italy (1900-1946)
**Prime Minister - Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of Italy (1922-1943)
* Liechtenstein
**Monarch - Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1938-1989)
**Head of Government - Franz Josef Hoop, Head of Government of Liechtenstein (1928-1945)
* Luxembourg (occupied by Germany, Government in Exile)
**Monarch - Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1919-1964)
**Prime Minister - Pierre Dupong, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1937-1953)
* Monaco
**Monarch - Louis II, Prince of Monaco (1922-1949)
**Minister of State - Émile Roblot, Minister of State (1937-1944)
* Montenegro (under Italian occupation and administration; not recognized by the Allies, who continue to recognize the Yugoslav government in exile) - Blazo Djukanovic, President of the National Committee (1941-1943)
* The Netherlands (occupied by Germany, government-in-exile in London)
**Monarch - Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948)
**Prime Minister - Pieter Gerbrandy, Chairman of the Dutch council of ministers (1940-1945)
* Norway (occupied by Germany)
**Government in Exile (in London)
***Monarch - Haakon VII, King of Norway (1905-1957)
***Prime Minister - Johan Nygaardsvold, Prime Minister of Norway (1935-1945)
**German Puppet Government in Oslo
**# Acting Ministers of State (1941-1942)
**# Vidkun Quisling, Minister-President (1942-1945)
* Poland (Government in exile)
**President - Wadysaw Raczkiewicz, President of Poland (1939-1947)
**Prime Minister - Wadysaw Sikorski, President of the Council of Ministers (1939-1943)
* Portugal
**President - António Óscar Carmona, President of Portugal (1926-1951)
**Prime Minister - António de Oliveira Salazar, President of the Council of Ministers (1932-1968)
* Romania
**Monarch - Michael I, King of Romania (1940-1947)
**Prime Minister - Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania and Leader of the State (1940-1944)
* San Marino
**Captains-General
**# Giuliano Gozi and Giovanni Lonfernini, Captains-General of San Marino (1941-1942)
**# Settimio Belluzzi and Celio Gozi, Captains-General of San Marino (1942)
**# Carlo Balsimelli and Renato Martelli, Captains-General of San Marino (1942-1943)
* Serbia (German-occupied puppet state; not recognized by the Allies)
**Monarch - Peter II, King of Serbia (1941-1944, he was the King of Yugoslavia in exile, and did not consent to his role as theoretical head of the puppet Serb state)
**Prime Minister - Milan Nedić, President of the Ministerial Council of the Serbian Government of National Salvation (1941-1944)
* Slovakia (German puppet regime, not recognized by the Allies, who recognize the Czechoslovak Government-in-Exile)
**President - Jozef Tiso, President of Slovakia (1939-1945)
**Prime Minister - Vojtech Tuka, Prime Minister of Slovakia (1939-1944)
* Soviet Union -
**Communist Party Leader - Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953)
**Head of State - Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1938-1946)
**Premier - Joseph Stalin, Chairman of the Council of People's Comissars (1941-1953)
* Spain -
**Generalísimo - Francisco Franco, Head of the Spanish State and President of the Government (1939-1975), (1939-1973)
* Sweden -
**Monarch - Gustaf V, King of Sweden (1907-1950)
**Prime Minister - Per Albin Hansson, Prime Minister of Sweden (1936-1946)
* Switzerland - Philipp Etter, President of the Swiss Confederation (1942)
* Turkey
**President - İsmet İnönü, President of Turkey (1938-1950)
**Prime Minister -
**# Refik Saydam, Prime Minister of Turkey (1939-1942)
**# Ahmet Fikri Tüzer, Prime Minister of Turkey (1942)
**# Şükrü Saracoglu, Prime Minister of Turkey (1942-1946)
* United Kingdom -
**Monarch - George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-1952)
**Prime Minister - Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1940-1945)
*Vatican City
** Pope - Pius XII, Bishop of Rome (1939-1958)
** Secretary of State - Luigi Cardinal Maglione, Cardinal Secretary of State (1939-1944)
* Yugoslavia (occupied by the Germans and Italians, who split it into various puppet states; this is the London government in exile, recognized by the Allies)
**Monarch - Peter II, King of Yugoslavia (1934-1945)
**Prime Minister -
**# Dušan Simović, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1941-1942)
**# Slobodan Jovanović, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1942-1943)

North America and the Caribbean

*Canada
**Monarch - George VI, King of Canada (1936-1952)
** Governor General - The Earl of Athlone, Governor General of Canada (1940-1946)
** Prime Minister - William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (1935-1948)
*Costa Rica - Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia, President of Costa Rica (19401944)
* Cuba
**President - Fulgencio Batista, President of Cuba (1940-1944)
**Premier -
**# Carlos Saladrigas, Premier of Cuba (1940-1942)
**# Ramón Zaydín, Premier of Cuba (1942-1944)
* Dominican Republic -
*# Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha, President of the Dominican Republic (1940-1942)
*# Rafael Trujillo, President of the Dominican Republic (1942-1952)
* El Salvador - Maximilian Hernández Martínez, President of El Salvador (1935-1944)
* United States - Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States (1933-1945)

outh America

*Argentina -
*# Roberto Ortiz, President of Argentina (1938-1942)
*# Ramón Castillo, President of Argentina (1942-1943, acting president 1940-1942)
* Bolivia - Enrique Peñaranda - President of Bolivia (1940-1943)
* Brazil - Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-1945)
* Chile -
*# Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia, acting President of Chile (1941-1942)
*# Juan Antonio Ríos Morales, President of Chile (1942-1946)
* Colombia -
*# Eduardo Santos Montejo, President of Colombia (1938-1942)
*# Alfonso López Pumarejo, President of Colombia (1942-1945)
* Ecuador - Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río, Acting President of Ecuador (1939-1944)
* Paraguay - Higinio Moriñigo, President of Paraguay (1940-1948)
* Peru - Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, President of Peru (1939-1945)
*Uruguay - Alfredo Baldomir, President of Uruguay (1938-1943)
*Venezuela - Isaías Medina Angarita, President of Venezuela (1941-1945)


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