- Farouk of Egypt
name =Farouk I
King of Egypt and the Sudan
reign =April 28, 1936 – July 26, 1952
othertitles =King of Egypt and Sudan, Sovereign of
Nubia, of Kordofanand of Darfur
predecessor =Fuad I
successor =Fuad II
queen =Safinaz Zulficar,
issue =Princess Farial, Princess Fawzia Farouk, Princess Fadia, Fuad II
Muhammad Ali Dynasty
father =Fuad I
date of birth =February 11, 1920
place of birth =
date of death =March 18, 1965
place of death =Rome
place of burial =
Islam[Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, "Faces in a Mirror: Memoirs from Exile", (Prentice Hall Press: 1980), p.74] |
Farouk I of Egypt (Arabic: فاروق الأول "Fārūq al-Awwal") (February 11, 1920 – March 18, 1965), was the tenth ruler from the
Muhammad Ali Dynastyand the penultimate King of Egyptand Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936. His sister Fawzia was Queen of Iranfor eight years. His full title was "His Majesty Farouk I, by the grace of God, King of Egyptand Sudan, Sovereign of Nubia, of Kordofan, and of Darfur." He was overthrown in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and was forced to abdicate in favor of his infant son Ahmed Fuad, who succeeded him as King Fuad II. He died in exile in Italy.
The great-great-grandson of Muhammad Ali Pasha, Farouk was of Albanian descent. Before his father's death, he was educated at the
Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, England. Upon his coronation, the 16-year-old King Farouk made a public radio address to the nation, the first time a sovereign of Egypt had ever spoken directly to his people in such a way:
Farouk was enamored of the glamorous royal lifestyle. Although he already had thousands of acres of land, dozens of palaces, and hundreds of cars, the youthful king would often travel to Europe for grand shopping sprees, earning the ire of many of his subjects.
During the hardships of World War II, criticism was leveled at Farouk for his lavish lifestyle. His decision to keep all the lights burning at his palace in
Alexandria, during a time when the city was blacked-out because of German and Italian bombing, was deemed particularly offensive by some. Due to the continuing British occupation of Egypt, many Egyptians, Farouk included, were positively disposed towards Germany and Italy, and despite the presence of British troops, Egypt remained officially neutral until the final year of the war. Consequently, the royal Italian servants of Farouk were not interned, and there is an unconfirmed story that Farouk told British Ambassador Sir Miles Lampson (who had an Italian wife), "I'll get rid of my Italians, when you get rid of yours". Farouk only declared war on the Axis Powers under heavy British pressure in 1945, long after the fighting in Egypt's Western Desert had ceased.
As he got older, the king began pilfering objects and artifacts while on state visits abroad, including a ceremonial sword from the
Shah of Iranand a pocket watch from Winston Churchill. Common people were also often the victims of the kleptomaniacal monarch, and by mingling with commoners Farouk soon became a highly-skilled pickpocket. He got a nickname from his own citizens "The Thief of Cairo" to signify his well-known aptitude for thievery, as well as his lavish lifestyle and corrupt regime.Fact|date=June 2007
Widely condemned for his corrupt and ineffectual governance, the continued British occupation, and the Egyptian army's failure to prevent the loss of 78% of
Palestineto the newly formed State of Israelin the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, public discontent against Farouk rose to new levels. Finally, on July 23, 1952, the Free Officers Movementunder Muhammad Naguiband Gamal Abdel Nasserstaged a military coup that launched the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. Farouk was forced to abdicate, and went into exile in Italy and Monacowhere he lived the rest of his life. Immediately following his abdication, Farouk's baby son, Ahmed Fuad was proclaimed King Fuad II, but for all intents and purposes Egypt was now governed by the Naguib, Nasser and Free Officers. On June 18, 1953, the revolutionary government formally abolished the monarchy, ending 150 years of the Muhammad Ali dynasty's rule, and Egypt was declared a republic.
The revolutionary government quickly moved to auction off the king's vast collection of trinkets and treasures. Among the more famous of his possessions was one of the rare
1933 Double Eaglecoins, though the coin disappeared before it could be returned to the United States.
The blue-eyed Farouk was thin early in his reign, but later gained enormous weight. His taste for fine cuisine made him dangerously obese, weighing nearly 300 pounds (136 kg) – an acquaintance described him as "a stomach with a head". He died in Rome, Italy on March 3, 1965. He collapsed and died at the dinner table following a characteristically heavy meal. While some say he was poisoned, tests later on revealed that he died from a heart attack. His will stated that his burial place be Egypt, in the Mosque of Al Rifai' in Cairo, but the request was denied by the newly formed Egyptian government and he was set to be buried in Italy. King Faisal of Saudi Arabia stated that they would be willing to bury King Farouk in Saudi Arabia, upon which the President Gamal Abdulnasser declared it was ok for the kings body to be buried in Egypt, but not in Mosque of Al Rifai' rather the Ibrahim Pasha Burial Site.
Affairs and marriages
In addition to an affair with the British writer and siren
Barbara Skelton, among numerous others, the king was married twice, with a claim of a third marriage (see below). His first wife was Safinaz Zulficar (1921–1988), a pasha's daughter who was renamed Farida upon her marriage; they married in 1938, divorced in 1948, and had three daughters.
His second wife was a commoner,
Narriman Sadek(1934–2005); they married in 1951 and divorced in 1954; they had one son, the future King Fuad II.
Whilst in exile in Italy he met
Irma Capece Minutolo, an opera singer, who became his companion. In 2005, she claimed that she had married the king in 1957. [http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2005/734/sc3.htm]
In 2007, Arabic satellite channel MBC produced a television series on the life of Farouk entitled 'El Malek Farouk', with Syrian actor Taym Hassan playing the lead role.
(Safinaz Zulficar) (1921-1988)
* Farial (1938-)
* Fawzia (1940-2005)
* Fadia (1943-2002)
Quotes about King Farouk
*"But this Farouk, the one I came to know, was not the overweight, dissipated monarch who became the subject of so many Western satirists and cartoonists. He was still a handsome man, lean and tall, patriotic and idealistic, with clear blue eyes that sparkled when he spoke." —
Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, "Faces in a Mirror: Memoirs from Exile", 1980 (p. 57).
*In "Celebrity Trivia" by Edward Lucaire (1981),
Red Skeltonis quoted, according to reporter James Bacon, as having said to the Queen Mother of Egypt, "Queenie, do you know your son is 'farouking' Egypt?"
*Farouk was mentioned in a verse of
Noel Coward's new 1950s lyrics for Cole Porter's 1928 song " Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love": "Monkeys whenever you look do it / Aly Khanand King Farouk do it / Let's do it, let's fall in love."
* In the "Pal o' Mine" episode of "
The Honeymooners" (1955), after Ralph Kramden puts on a ring that is too small and cannot get it off his finger, Ed Norton says to Alice Kramden, "He put that little ring on his finger? That's like King Farouk trying get into Gary Cooper's bathing suit."
Muhammad Ali Dynasty
List of monarchs of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Egyptian Revolution of 1952
* 1 -- "The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II" by Bierman and Smith (2002)
* Ashraf Pahlavi "Faces in a Mirror", Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980
* McLeave, Hugh "The Last Pharaoh : Farouk of Egypt", New York : McCall Pub. Co., 1970, 1969 ISBN 0841500207.
* [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,756040,00.html New King, Old Trouble, Time Magazine, Monday, May 11, 1936.]
* Sadat, Jehan "A Woman of Egypt", New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987 ISBN 0671540713
* Stadiem, William "Too Rich: The High Life and Tragic Death of King Farouk", New York: Carroll & Graf Pub, 1991 ISBN 0881846295
King of Egypt
years=28 April 1936 – 19 October 1951s-ttl|title=
King of Egypt and the Sudan
years=19 October 1951 – 26 July 1952
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