- 1972 Winter Olympics
XI Olympic Winter Games
The emblem comprises the Rising Sun of Japan; a snowflake, a symbol of winter; and the Olympic rings with “Sapporo ’72” underneath.
Host city Sapporo, Japan Nations participating 35 Athletes participating 1006 (801 men, 205 women) Events 35 in 6 sports Opening ceremony February 3 Closing ceremony February 13 Officially opened by HIM The Emperor Athlete's Oath Keiichi Suzuki Judge's Oath Fumio Asaki Olympic Torch Hideki Takada Stadium Makomanai Open Stadium
The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XI Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 3 to February 13, 1972 in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It was the first Winter Olympics to be held outside Europe and North America, and only the 3rd games (summer or winter) held outside those regions over all, after Melbourne (1956 Summer Olympics) and Tokyo (1964 Summer Olympics). Sapporo was the largest city to have held any Winter Games at the time.
Host city selection
Sapporo first won the rights to host the 1940 Winter Olympics, but Japan resigned as the Games' host after its 1937 invasion of China. The 1940 Games were later cancelled. All the cities awarded Games that were cancelled due to war have since hosted the Games (Berlin, London, Tokyo, Helsinki, Sapporo and Cortina d'Ampezzo).
Sapporo competed with Banff, Lahti, and Salt Lake City. The Games were awarded at the 64th IOC Session in Rome, Italy, on April 26, 1966. With the 1972 Games, the organizers of the Sapporo Games turned a healthy profit in part because they arranged a record $8.47 million for broadcast rights.
1972 Winter Olympics bidding result City Country Round 1 Sapporo Japan 32 Banff Canada 16 Lahti Finland 7 Salt Lake City United States 7
- Prior to these games, Japan had never won a gold medal in the Winter Olympics. The host country shone in Sapporo when three Japanese athletes, led by Yukio Kasaya, swept the ski jumping 70m (current K-90 normal hill) event for gold (Kasaya), silver (Akitsugu Konno), and bronze (Seiji Aochi).
- Galina Kulakova of the USSR won all three cross-country skiing events for women.
- Dutch skater Ard Schenk won three gold medals in speed skating.
- In Alpine skiing, virtual unknown Swiss Marie-Thérès Nadig won both the downhill and the giant slalom events.
- Magnar Solberg from Norway was the first repeat winner in the individual 20 km biathlon event, having first won in Grenoble.
- Spain scored its first Winter gold medal courtesy of slalom skier Francisco Fernandez Ochoa.
- American speedskaters Anne Henning and Diane Holum made the US's best showing in the Winter Games, winning two gold, a silver, and a bronze.
- Three days before the Games, controversy over amateur status arose when IOC president Avery Brundage threatened to disqualify 40 alpine skiiers who received endorsement and other deals. Austrian skier Karl Schranz, who received over $50,000 per year from ski manufacturers, was banned as an example. Meanwhile, Canada refused to send an ice hockey team, maintaining that professional ice hockey players from Communist nations were allowed to compete with no restrictions.
- On a historical note, these Games are the last where a skier won the gold medal using all-wooden skis. Since this time, top-level cross-country skiiers use skis made mostly of fibreglass synthetics.
- In female Figure skating event, American skater Janet Lynn won not only a bronze medal, but also tremendous popularity among Japanese audiences because of her artistic free program, as to make appearance on the cover of "Olympic Winter Games, Sapporo 1972" photo books published in Japan, and even on Japanese TV commercials later.
- Luge had its only tie in the history of the Winter Olympics in the men's doubles event.
- City venues
- Makomanai Park
- Mikaho Indoor Skating Rink¹ – figure skating
- Tsukisamu Indoor Skating Rink¹ – ice hockey
- Makomanai Cross-Country Events Site¹ – cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing)
- Makomanai Biathlon Site¹ – biathlon
- Mountain venues
- Mt. Teine Alpine Skiing courses¹ – alpine skiing (slalom, giant slalom)
- Mt. Teine Bobsleigh Course – bobsleigh
- Mt. Teine Luge Course – luge
- Okurayama Jump Hill² – ski jumping (large hill)
- Miyanomori Jump Hill¹ – Nordic combined (ski jumping), ski jumping (normal hill)
- Mount Eniwa Downhill Course¹ – alpine skiing (downhill)
¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.
35 nations participated in the 1972 Winter Olympics. The Republic of China and The Philippines participated in their first Winter Olympic Games.
These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games. The host nation Japan finished 11th.
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total 1 Soviet Union 8 5 3 16 2 East Germany 4 3 7 14 3 Switzerland 4 3 3 10 4 Netherlands 4 3 2 9 5 United States 3 2 3 8 6 West Germany 3 1 1 5 7 Norway 2 5 5 12 8 Italy 2 2 1 5 9 Austria 1 2 2 5 10 Sweden 1 1 2 4 11 Japan 1 1 1 3
- 1972 Summer Paralympics
- 1972 Summer Olympics
- Olympic games celebrated in Japan
- "All the Medallists since 1896". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/All-Olympic-results-since-1896/?AthleteName=&Games=1334062&Country=&Sport=&TargetResults=true&resultsPageIPP=30.
- Sapporo 72 – Official report, digitized copy online
- "Sapporo 1972". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympic-Games/All-Past-Olympic-Games/Winter/Sapporo-1972.
- The program of the 1972 Sapporo Winter Olympics
XI Olympic Winter Games (1972)
Olympic Games Summer Games Winter Games Events at the 1972 Winter Olympics (Sapporo) Venues of the 1972 Winter Olympics City venues Mountain venues
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