No. 245 Squadron RAF


No. 245 Squadron RAF
No. 245 Squadron RAF
Active 20 August 1918 - 19 May 1919
30 October 1939 - 10 August 1945
10 August 1945 - 3 June 1957
21 August 1958 - 18 April 1963[1]
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname "Northern Rhodesian"
Motto Latin: Fugo Non Fugio
("I put to fight, I do not flee")[2]
post 1950 aircraft insignia RAF 245 Sqn.svg
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of a fountain, an eagle volant
The eagle symbolises readiness to attack and the fountain the sea over which No. 245 Squadron flew many patrols[3]
Squadron Codes DX (Mar 1940 - Jun 1941)[4][5]
MR (Jun 1941 - 1951)[6][7]

No. 245 Squadron was a squadron of the Royal Air Force. It flew as an anti-submarine squadron during World War I and as a fighter squadron during World War II. After the war it was first a jet-fighter squadron and its last role was as a radar-calibration unit.

Contents

History

In World War I

No. 245 Squadron was formed on 20 August 1918 from No. 426 and No. 427 Flight at Fishguard. It flew Short 184 on anti-submarine patrols over the Southern Irish Sea. The squadron disbanded on 19 May 1919.[1][2][3]

In World War II

As No. 245 (Northern Rhodesian) Squadron the squadron was reformed at RAF Leconfield on 30 October 1939[1][2][3] equipped with Bristol Blenheim fighters and from January 1940, Fairey Battle light bombers. Both of these types were replaced by Hurricanes in March 1940 an in May it moved to RAF Drem in Scotland. However, during the Dunkirk evacuation it operated a detachment from RAF Hawkinge[1][2][3] but in July it was transferred to RAF Aldergrove[8] in Northern Ireland, where it remained throughout the Battle of Britain on defensive duties. In July 1941 it moved to RAF Ballyhalbert and remained there until September 1941, when it returned to England and began offensive sweeps. In January 1943 it moved to Scotland again, where it began converting to Typhoons, taking these back down south in March. The squadron was then allocated to the 2nd Tactical Air Force on its formation in June 1943 and soon began attacking enemy lines of communication and other suitable targets in preparation for Operation Overlord. From April on it began using rocket projectiles and on 27 June 1944, it moved onto the continent, from where it continued to support the Allied advance[9] through France, the Low Countries and into Germany.[10] The squadron disbanded at Schleswig in Germany on 10 August 1945.[1][3][11]

Post-war

That same 10 AUgust 1945 at RAF Colerne, No. 504 Squadron RAF was re-numbered as No. 245 to form part of the RAF's first jet fighter equipped wing. It was equipped with Hawker Hunters when disbanded at RAF Stradishall on 3 June 1957. On 21 August 1958 No. 527 Squadron RAF was renumbered at RAF Watton as No 245 squadron. It was now employed on radar calibration duties with Canberra B.2s, moving the RAF Tangmere on 25 August 1958 and remained there until it was disbanded by being renumbered to No. 98 Squadron RAF on 18 April 1963.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Jefford 2001, p. 79.
  2. ^ a b c d Halley 1988, p. 313.
  3. ^ a b c d e Rawlings 1978, p. 346.
  4. ^ Bowyer and rawlings, p. 31.
  5. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 69.
  6. ^ Bowyer and rawlings, p. 73.
  7. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 90.
  8. ^ Robinson 1999, p. 276.
  9. ^ Golley 1986, "The Day of the Typhoon"
  10. ^ squadron history on RAFweb
  11. ^ Halley 1988, p. 314.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Golley, John. The Day of the Typhoon: Flying with the RAF Tankbusters in Normandy. Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1986. ISBN 0-85059-758-7.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Robinson, Anthony. RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain. London: Arms and Armour Press Ltd., 1987 (republished 1999 by Brockhampton Press, ISBN 1-86019-907-0.).

External links


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