No. 237 Squadron RAF


No. 237 Squadron RAF
No. 237 Squadron RAF
Active 20 August 1918 - 14 May 1919
22 April 1940 - 1 January 1946
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Allegiance Flag of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.svg Rhodesia
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname Rhodesia
Motto Latin: Primum agmen in Cælo
("The vanguard is in the sky")
Insignia
Squadron Badge A lion passant guardant charged on the shoulder with an eagle's claw and holding in the front paw an elephant's tusk[1]

No. 237 Squadron was a Royal Air Force aircraft squadron. During the Second World War the unit was formed from No. 1 Squadron Southern Rhodesian Air Force for operations in North Africa.

Contents

History

No. 237 Squadron was formed at RAF Cattewater in August 1918 from Nos 420, 421, 422 and 423 flights of the Royal Naval Air Service. The squadron operated the Short 184 on coastal and anti-submarine patrols in the English Channel until it was disbanded at the end of the First World War on the 14 May 1919.

The squadron was re-formed as No. 237 (Rhodesia) Squadron on 22 April 1940 when No. 1 Squadron Southern Rhodesia Air Force was taken into Royal Air Force control. It operated a number of Hawker biplanes and was based on the Abyssinian border as part of the East African Campaign (World War II) a defence against the movement of Italian troops moving down from the North. In the Autumn of 1940 the squadron moved into Sudan for operations in Eritrea and added Westland Lysanders and Gloster Gladiators to the unit strength. In May 1941 the squadron moved to Egypt and re-equipped with the Hawker Hurricane, it was tasked with tactical reconnaissance duties in the Western Desert. In May 1942 the squadron moved to Iraq as a defence against any German invasion and then moved to Libya in the air defence role.

The squadron re-equipped with the Supermarine Spitfire (Mark VCs first then Mark IXs) and moved to Corsica to fly operations over Southern France and Northern Italy. It eventually moved to Italy where it operated until is was re-numbered as 93 Squadron and disbanded on 1 January 1946.

Notable members

Ian Smith who was later Prime Minister of Rhodesia was assigned to the squadron in World War II, and was shot down over Italy.[citation needed]

Aircraft operated

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1918–1919 Short 184 From the RNAS
1940 Hawker Audax From the SRAF
1940–1941 Hawker Hardy From the SRAF
1940 Hawker Hart
1940–1941 Westland Lysander I and II
1941 Gloster Gladiator II
1941–1942 Hawker Hurricane I
1943 Hawker Hurricane IIC
1943–1944 Supermarine Spitfire VB and VC
1944–1945 Supermarine Spitfire IX

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Halley 1988, p. 304.

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G. MBE, BA, RAF (Retd.). RAF Squadrons, A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1998 (Second edition 2001). ISBN 978-1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (new edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No. 612 Squadron RAF — No. 612 (County of Aberdeen) Squadron RAF Active 1 June 1937 9 July 1945 10 May 1946 10 March 1957 1997 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 608 Squadron RAF — No. 608 (North Riding) Squadron RAF Active 17 March 1930 31 July 1944 1 August 1944 24 August 1945 10 May 1946 10 March 1957 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 83 Squadron RAF — Active 7 January 1917 – 31 December 1919 4 August 1936 – 31 December 1955 21 May 1957 – 31 August 1969 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 692 Squadron RAF — No. 692 (Fellowship of the Bellows) Squadron RAF Official crest of No. 692 Squadron RAF Active 1 January 1944 20 September 1945 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 169 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron crest for No. 169 Squadron RAF Active 15 June 1942 10 August 1945 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 653 Squadron RAF — Active 20 Jun 1942 15 Sep 1945 Country United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • No. 16 Squadron RAF — Active 10 February 1915 – Present Role Elementary Flying Training …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 99 Squadron RAF — No. 99 Squadron Royal Air Force Official squadron crest for no. 99 squadron RAF Active 15 Aug 1917 2 Apr 1920 1 Apr 1924 15 Nov 1945 17 Nov 1947 7 Jan 1976 1 Jan 2002 Present Day …   Wikipedia

  • No. 1 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 1 Squadron RAF Active 1 April 1911 (RE), 13 May 1912 (RFC), 1 April 1918 (RAF) to 1 Novemb …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.