RAF officer ranks

RAF officer ranks


Lieutenant-General David Henderson originally proposed that Royal Air Force officers use a combination of British Army and Royal Navy ranks. However, the War Office argued that the RAF should have its own ranks and the Admiralty opposed any use of their rank titles.

Badges of Rank

On 1 April 1918, Air Force Memorandum 2 specified rank insignia for the newly established independent force. Rank was to be worn on the jacket cuff and was derived from the Royal Navy's rings, each equivalent rank having the same number of rings. However, Second Lieutenants (now Pilot Officers) displayed a crowned eagle only and the Navy's loop was not used for any rank. Depending on the uniform, either gold or pale blue on grey braid was worn.

In August 1918, Air Ministry Weekly Order 617 added a single band of 1/4 inch braid below the Second Lieutenant's eagle and all other officer ranks also received a crowned eagle above their braid.

In 1919 the colour of the rank braid was changed to black with a central pale blue stripe. However, on RAF mess dress rank continued to be displayed in gold.

Rank Titles

As mentioned above, it was originally proposed that the RAF ranks were to be derived from existing Royal Navy and Army ranks. Both services were consulted and both reacted unfavourably - the Navy unhappy about the use of its higher ranks and the Army complaining it provided the "junior ranks". This resulted in a compromise whereby the officer ranks were proposed to be "Ensign", "Lieutenant", "Flight Leader", "Squadron Leader", "Reeve", "Banneret", "Fourth Ardian", "Third Ardian", "Second Ardian", "Ardian" and "Air Marshal". A further proposal was "Ensign", "Lieutenant", "Flight-Leader", "Squadron-Leader", "Wing-Leader", "Leader", "Flight Ardian", "Squadron Ardian", "Wing Ardian", "Ardian", "Air Marshal".

Unsurprisingly, perhaps, these contrived ranks were rejected and on 1 August 1919, Air Ministry Weekly Order 973 introduced new rank titles for RAF officers. They were based on Royal Navy ranks and their titles were influenced by the usage in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during World War I. For example, the RAF rank of Flight Lieutenant was based on the RNAS rank of the same name. The rank of Squadron Leader derived its name from the RNAS rank of Squadron Commander. Initially the highest rank was titled Marshal of the Air. However, only a few days after it was promulgated and at the request of King George V, this rank title was changed to Marshal of the Royal Air Force.

Composite Braid

RAF officers typically wear composite braid rank slides with their working and operational uniforms. Composite braid consists of a single piece of fabric, where the 'background' between the rank rings is made from blue-grey material. Composite braid rank slides are often referred to as 'bar-code' in RAF slang.

Distinction between ranks and appointments

Many RAF ranks do not imply the appointment or duties of an officer. For example, a Pilot Officer may well not be trained to pilot an aircraft and a Squadron Leader does not necessarily command a squadron.

Other air forces

The following air forces use a similar or identical officer rank structure to the RAF:
*Royal Australian Air Force
*Royal New Zealand Air Force
*Hellenic Air Force
*Nigerian Air Force
*Indian Air Force (formerly the Royal Indian Air Force)
*Pakistan Air Force (formerly the Royal Pakistan Air Force)
*Bangladesh Air Force
*Sri Lanka Air Force (formerly the Royal Ceylon Air Force)
*Ghana Air Force
*Air Force of Zimbabwe (formerly the Royal Rhodesian Air Force)
*Royal Thai Air Force
*Royal Air Force of Oman

The following air forces use rank insignia for their officers which are similar to the RAF, but employ army rank titles:
*Swedish Air Force (sometimes the English translation of the Swedish Air Force officer rank titles follows the RAF pattern) [http://www.mil.se/attachments/the_facts_2006_2007_eng.pdf]
*Royal Netherlands Air Force
*Royal Danish Air Force
*Irish Air Corps

The following air forces formerly used a similar or identical officer rank structure to the RAF:
*Royal Canadian Air Force (until 1968)
*Royal Malaysian Air Force

The following air forces formerly used similar rank insigia to the RAF:
*Republic of Singapore Air Force
*United States Air Force (1993 to 1994)

ee also

*RAF other ranks
*Air force officer ranks
*Ranks and insignia of NATO Air Forces Officers
*Comparative military ranks of World War I
*Comparative military ranks of World War II
*Comparative military ranks
*Military rank
*Royal Air Force

External links and references

* [http://www.raf.mod.uk/organisation/commissionedranks.cfm Officer Ranks and Badges of the RAF]
*Hobart, Malcolm "Badges and Uniforms of the Royal Air Force", ISBN 0-85052-739-2

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