No. 621 Squadron RAF


No. 621 Squadron RAF
No. 621 Squadron RAF
Active 12 Sep 1943 - 1 Sep 1946
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Reconnaissance
Air-sea rescue
Part of British Forces Aden[1]
Motto Ever Ready to Strike
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry A hooded cobra[2]

No. 621 Squadron RAF was a reconnaissance squadron of the Royal Air Force during World War II, flying from Somaliland and Aden. It was after the war stationed in Egypt and Palestine and tasked with air-sea rescue and was also active in Operation Sunburn, looking for illegal immigrants.

Contents

History

No. 621 Squadron RAF was at Port Reitz, Kenya on 12 September 1943[3] as a general reconnaissance unit. The most unusual sortie flown by the squadron was in November 1943, when it had to look for four thousand stolen camels on behalf of the army.[4] In a more serious series of sorties the squadron managed to knock-out the German submarine U-852, but at the beginning of 1945 activities had dropped so low that the squadron was reduced from 16 to 8 aircraft. In November the squadron converted to Warwicks and started in Operation Sunburn, looking for illegal immigrants into Palestine. In April to squadron moved to Palestine and converted to Lancasters. Shortly after it had completed that conversion the squadron was disbanded at RAF Ein Shemer by being re-numbered to No. 18 Squadron RAF on 1 September 1946.[2][3][5]

The present 621 Volunteer Gliding Squadron has no links with 621 sqn and in fact traces its lines back to No. 87 Glider School RAF[6][7]

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by no. 621 Squadron RAF, data from[2][4][5]
From To Aircraft Variant
September 1943 January 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIII
January 1945 December 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIV
March 1945 November 1945 Vickers Warwick GR.5
April 1946 September 1946 Avro Lancaster ASR.3 (special air-sea rescue version)

Squadron bases

Bases and airfields used by no. 621 Squadron RAF, data from[2][4][5]
From To Base Remark
12 September 1943 4 November 1943 Port Reitz, Kenya Det. at Mogadishu, Italian Somaliland
4 November 1943 5 December 1943 Mogadishu, Italian Somaliland Dets. at Scusciuban, Italian Somaliland; Bandar Kassim, Italian Somaliland
and RAF Riyan, Aden Protectorate
5 December 1943 12 November 1945 RAF Khormaksar, Aden Dets. at Scuscuiban, Italian Somaliland; Bandar Kassim, Italian Somaliland;
Riyan, Aden Protectorate; RAF Socotra, Aden Protectorate and Mogadishu, Italian Somaliland
12 November 1945 20 April 1946 RAF Mersa Matruh, Egypt Dets. at RAF Aqir, Palestine and RAF Benina, Libya
20 April 1946 6 June 1946 RAF Aqir, Palestine
6 June 1946 1 September 1946 RAF Ein Shemer, Palestine

Commanding officers

Officers commanding No. 621 Squadron RAF, data from[4]
From To Name
September 1943 December 1944 W/Cdr. P. Green, OBE, AFC
December 1944 November 1945 W/Cdr. F.T. Gardiner, DFC
November 1945 February 1946 S/Ldr. G. Schofield
February 1946 September 1946 W/Cdr. B.E. Peck, DFC

References

Notes
  1. ^ Delve 1994, pp. 76, 83.
  2. ^ a b c d Halley 1988, p. 438.
  3. ^ a b Lake 1999, pp. 272–273.
  4. ^ a b c d Rawlings 1982, p. 242.
  5. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 102.
  6. ^ The History of 621VGS
  7. ^ Lake 1999, p. 113.
Bibliography
  • Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988 ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd). RAF Squadrons: A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Lake, Alan. Flying Units of the RAF: The ancestry, formation and disbandment of all flying units from 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links

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