No. 234 Squadron RAF


No. 234 Squadron RAF
No. 234 (Madras Presidency) Squadron RAF
Active 20 Aug 1918 - 15 May 1919
30 Oct 1939 - 1 Sep 1946
1 Aug 1952 - 15 Jul 1957
22 Oct 1958 - 31 Aug 1992
1 Sep 1992 - 1 Apr 1994
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname "The Dragons"
Motto Latin: Ignem mortemque despuimus
("We spit fire and death")[1][2]
Engagements Battle of Britain
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry A dragon rampant, flames issuing from the mouth
The dragon indicates the fighting role and the flames associate with the name Spitfire[1][3]
Squadron Codes AZ (May 1940 - Aug 1945)
FX (Aug 1945 - Sep 1946)
W (Aug 1952 - Jan 1954)

No. 234 Squadron RAF had a long career within the RAF, being operational on flying boats in World War I and on fighter aircraft in World War II. After the war it remained a fighter unit till 1957. In its last incarnation the squadron was in turn Operational Training Unit (OTU), Tactical Weapon Unit (TWU) and part of No. 4 Flying Training School RAF until lastly disbanded in 1994.

Contents

History

Formation and World War I

No. 234 Squadron RAF was officially formed on 20 August 1918 at RNAS Tresco in the Scilly Isles from No. 350, 351, 352 and 353 Flights, which had been equipped with amongst others Felixstowe F3's and Curtiss H.12 aircraft since February 1917. The squadron used these to patrol the Western Approaches of the English Channel and gained two DSCs, one DSM and a CGM in doing that.[4] The unit flew its last World war I mission on 10 November 1918 and was disbanded half a year later at Tresco on 15 May 1919.[2][5]

In World War II

The squadron was reformed on 30 October 1939 at RAF Leconfield, initially equipped with three Magisters, a Battle and three biplane Gauntlets, soon to be followed by some Blenheims Mk.Ifs,[6] which were used flying on coastal patrols until March 1940. It then began to re-equip with Spitfires and moved to RAF Church Fenton in May 1940 when becoming operational. The following month it moved to RAF St Eval and operated from there and RAF Middle Wallop during the Battle of Britain. During 1941 and 1942 the squadron was operating from various bases in the south and carried out both offensive and defensive duties but in January 1943 it was transferred to Orkney, flying at first from RAF Grimsetter with a detachment at RAF Sumburgh, and later from RAF Skeabrae.")[1][2][5]

Six months later the squadron returned to the South of England, firstly at RAF Church Stanton, and was soon operating over France again in preparation for the forthcoming invasion. However, after D-Day, the squadron converted to North American Mustang Mk.IIIs, which it used to provide long-range bomber escort missions from RAF North Weald and after December 1944 from RAF Bentwaters. On 1 May 1945 the squadron was moved to RAF Peterhead to provide a similar service to the RAF Coastal Command strike wings operating along the Norwegian coast, having received some additional new North American Mustang Mk.IVs (the RAF version of the P-51D Mustang) by this time.")[1][2][5]

Post-war: from Spitfires to Jets

With the end of the war, the squadron reverted to Spitfire Mk.IXs and was retained as part of the post-war RAF. Jets arrived in February 1946, when Meteor F.3s replaced the Spitfires, but on 1 September the squadron was disbanded by being renumbered to No. 266 Squadron RAF. The squadron reformed at Oldenburg on 1 August 1952 in the ground attack role, equipped with Vampires FB.5 and FB.9s. In November 1953 it returned to the day fighter role when it began to receive North American Sabre F.4s, conversion being completed by January 1954. The squadron moved to RAF Geilenkirchen on 8 January 1954, where Hunter F.4s replaced the Sabres in May 1956, but following the 1957 Defence White Paper of Minister of Defence Duncan Sandys, No. 234 squadron was disbanded on 15 July 1957.")[1][2][5]

With No. 229 OCU and No. 1 TWU

The squadron number popped up again when one of the squadrons of No. 229 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU) at RAF Chivenor was given the number on 22 October 1958, operating Hunter F.6 and FGA.9 aircraft, to give Hunter pilots their operational training. On 2 September 1974 No. 229 OCU was redesignated as the Tactical Weapons Unit (TWU) and No. 234 (Reserve) Squadron was one of its components. When a second TWU was formed the original was renamed No. 1 TWU and No. 234 squadron remained a component. However, when No. 1 TWU was disbanded on 31 August 1992, so were its component squadrons, including No 234.[7]

With No. 4 AFTS

The following day however, 1 September 1992, the number was allocated to a squadron of No. 4 Air Flying Training School (AFTS) at RAF Valley, which had taken over the duties of the TWUs. The squadron continued as part of no. 4 AFTS until 1 April 1994, when it was disbanded by being renumbered to No. 208 (Reserve) Squadron.[7]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Rawlings 1978, pp. 336-339.
  2. ^ a b c d e Halley 1988, pp. 301-302.
  3. ^ http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/234squadron.cfm
  4. ^ Walpole 2007, pp. 1-10.
  5. ^ a b c d Jefford 2001, p. 77.
  6. ^ Walpole 2007, p. 14.
  7. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 196.

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1969 (second edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Walpole, Group Captain Nigel, OBE, BA. Dragon Rampant: The Story of No. 234 Fighter Squadron. London Colney, Hertfordshire, UK: Merlin Massara Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-0-95439-001-3.

External links




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No. 208 Squadron RAF — Active 26 October 1916 – 7 November 1919 1 February 1920 30 March 1959 1 April 1959 10 September 1971 1 March 1974 31 March 1994 1 April 1994 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 358 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron crest for No. 358 Squadron RAF Active 8 Nov 1944 19 Nov 1945 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 266 Squadron RAF — No. 266 (Rhodesia) Squadron RAF Active 27 September 1918 1 September 1919 30 October 1939 31 July 1945 1 September 1946 11 February 1949 14 July 1952 16 November 1957 1 December 1959 30 June 1964. Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 16 Squadron RAF — Active 10 February 1915 – Present Role Elementary Flying Training …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 46 Squadron RAF — No. 46 Squadron Active 19 April 1916 31 August 1975 Country United Kingdom Branch Royal Air Force Size squadron No. 46 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps …   Wikipedia

  • No. 269 Squadron RAF — The official No. 269 Squadron badge Active 6 October 1918 – 15 November 1919 7 December 1936 – 10 March 1946 1 January 1952 – 24 M …   Wikipedia

  • No. 207 Squadron RAF — Active 31 Dec 1916 (RNAS) 20 Jan 1920 1 Feb 1920 19 Apr 1940 1 Nov 1940 1 Mar 1950 4 Jun 1951 27 Mar 1956 1 Apr 1956 1 May 1965 3 Feb 1969 30 Jun 1984 12 Jul 2002 present[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • No. 99 Squadron RAF — No. 99 Squadron Royal Air Force Official squadron crest for no. 99 squadron RAF Active 15 Aug 1917 2 Apr 1920 1 Apr 1924 15 Nov 1945 17 Nov 1947 7 Jan 1976 1 Jan 2002 Present Day …   Wikipedia

  • No. 6 Squadron RAF — Active 31 January 1914 Role Quick Reaction Alert Garrison/HQ …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.