No. 109 Squadron RAF


No. 109 Squadron RAF
No. 109 Squadron RAF
Active 1917-1918
1940-1945
1945-1957
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Motto Primi Hastati

No. 109 Squadron RAF was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Air Force during World War II. It operated Wellington VIs.

Contents

History

The squadron first formed on 1 November 1917 as 109 Squadron Royal Flying Corps at South Carlton in 1917 operating the de Havilland DH.9 until it was disbanded on 19 August 1918.

Reformed on 10 December 1940 from the Wireless Intelligence Development Unit at RAF Boscombe Down operating a variety of aircraft. The main task was to identify German radio beams and to develop methods to jam them, its secondary role was to develop wireless and radar navigation aids for Bomber Command.[1] In 1942 the squadron moved to RAF Tempsford with the twin-engined Mosquito light bomber fitted with Oboe and operated as part of the Pathfinder Force. The first raid it led as a marker squadron was on Düsseldorf on 1 January 1943.[1] and was fully involved with raids including the last raid on Berlin on 21 April 1945. As the war finished it used its accurate navigation equipment to help drop supplies in the Netherlands. The squadron was disbanded on 30 September 1945 at RAF Little Staughton it had carried out 5,421 operational sorties with the Mosquito with the loss of 18 aircraft.

On 1 October 1945 it was reformed at RAF Woodhall Spa still as a Mosquito unit and provided a light bomber force for Bomber Commander in the post-war years. It eventually re-equipped with Canberras and saw action in the Suez campaign. With the increase of the V-Bomber force the squadron was no longer needed and was finally disbanded on 1 February 1957 at RAF Binbrook.

Aircraft operated

[2]

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1917-1918 de Havilland DH.9 Single-engined piston biplane bomber
1940-1941 Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V Twin-engined medium bomber
1940-1942 Avro Anson I Twin-engined transport and trainer
1940-1942 Vickers Wellington I Twin-engined medium bomber
1941-1942 Vickers Wellington 1C
1942 Vickers Wellington I
1942 Avro Lancaster I Four-engined heavy bomber
1942-1945 de Havilland Mosquito IV, IX and XVI Twin-engined light bomber
1945-1948 de Havilland Mosquito XVI
1948-1952 de Havilland Mosquito B35
1952-1954 English Electric Canberra B2 Twin-engined jet light bomber
1954-1957 English Electric Canberra B6

Notes

  1. ^ a b Orbis 1985,p 2876
  2. ^ Jefford 1988, page 55

References

  • Gunston, Bill "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Combat Aircraft of World War II" Salamander Books, Ltd. 1978 ISBN 0-89673-000-X
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 1985. 
  • Jefford, C.G. (1988). RAF Squadrons. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1 85310 053 6. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No. 618 Squadron RAF — Mosquito B Mark IV development aircraft, DK290/G of the Aeroplane and Arma …   Wikipedia

  • No. 105 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 105 Squadron RAF Active 23 Sep 1917 1 Feb 1920 12 Apr 1937 1 Feb 1946 21 Feb 1962 20 Jan 1968 …   Wikipedia

  • No. 616 Squadron RAF — No. 616 (South Yorkshire) Squadron RAF Official squadron crest for No. 616 Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force, formed at RAF Doncaster, November 1938 A …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 1 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 1 Squadron RAF Active 1 April 1911 (RE), 13 May 1912 (RFC), 1 April 1918 (RAF) to 1 Novemb …   Wikipedia

  • No. 208 Squadron RAF — Active 26 October 1916 – 7 November 1919 1 February 1920 30 March 1959 1 April 1959 10 September 1971 1 March 1974 31 March 1994 1 April 1994 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 209 Squadron RAF — Official squadron crest for no. 209 Squadron RAF Active 1 Feb 1917 (RNAS) 24 Jun 1919 15 Jan 1930 1 Jan 1955 1 Nov 1958 31 Dec 1968 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 56 Squadron RAF — Active 1916 (Royal Flying Corps) Country United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • No. 612 Squadron RAF — No. 612 (County of Aberdeen) Squadron RAF Active 1 June 1937 9 July 1945 10 May 1946 10 March 1957 1997 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 603 Squadron RAF — No. 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron RAuxAF Active 14 October 1925 26 December 1944 10 January 1945 15 August 1945 10 May 1946 10 March 1957 1 October 1999 to present day. Country …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.