No. 249 Squadron RAF


No. 249 Squadron RAF
No. 249 (Gold Coast) Squadron RAF
Active 18 August 1918 - 8 October 1919
16 May 1940 - 16 August 1945
23 October 1945 - 24 February 1969
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname Gold Coast
Motto Latin: Pugnis et calcibus
("With fists and heels")
Battle honours Home Waters, 1918*; Battle of Britain, 1940*; Home Defence; Fortress Europe, 1941*; Malta, 1941-42*; Mediterranean, 1942-43*; North Africa, 1942*; Sicily; Italy, 1943-45*; South-East Europe, 1943-45*
Honours marked with an asterix* are those emblazoned on the Squadron Standard
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Tom Neil
Percy Lucas
Insignia
Squadron Badge In front of a bezant an elephant passant[1]
Squadron Codes GN (May 1940 - May 1941,
Jun 1943 - Sep 1944,
Oct 1945 - Mar 1950)
T (Mar 1942 - Jun 1943)

No. 249 (Gold Coast) Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force squadron, active in the sea-patrol, fighter and bomber roles during its existence.

Contents

History

First formation

No. 249 Squadron was formed for the first time on 18 August 1918 from Nos. 400, 401, 419 and 450 flights at Dundee[2] Equipped with a variety of seaplanes the squadrion flew coastal patrol and anti-submarine duties as part of No. 78 Wing RAF. It remained at Dundee until April 1919 when it moved to RNAS Killingholme, without its aircraft. The squadron disbanded not long after on 8 October 1919.

249 Sqn Spitfire VC at RAF Ta Kali, Malta, in 1942.

During World War II

On 16 May 1940, 249 squadron reformed as a fighter squadron at RAF Church Fenton. Equipped with Hurricanes, the unit fought in the Battle of Britain. The only Victoria Cross awarded to an RAF Fighter Command pilot during the Battle of Britain, was won by James Brindley Nicolson whilst serving with 249 squadron.

Into the jet age

The squadron was stationed at RAF Deversoir in the Egyptian Canal Zone in 1952, flying Vampires.

Present

In the year 2000 the Squadron gave its number to an Air Cadet Squadron based in Hailsham, England[3]. This was because 249 Squadron lost a man over the town during the Battle of Britain. The Air Cadets Squadron is also an affiliated member of 249 Squadron Association[4].

Noted squadron members

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated[2]
From To Aircraft Version
Aug 1918 Mar 1919 Short 184
Aug 1918 Nov 1918 Sopwith Baby, Fairey Hamble Baby[5]
Aug 1918 Mar 1919 Curtiss H.12B
Aug 1918 Mar 1919 Felixstowe F.2a, Felixstowe F.3, Felixstowe F.5[6]
May 1940 Jun 1940 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.I
Jun 1940 Feb 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
Feb 1941 Mar 1942 Hawker Hurricane Mks.IIa, IIb
May 1941 Aug 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
Feb 1942 Sep 1944 Supermarine Spitfire Mks.Vb, Vc
Jun 1943 Nov 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX
Sep 1944 Apr 1945 North American Mustang Mk.III
Apr 1945 Jun 1945 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX
May 1945 Jun 1945 North American Mustang Mk.III
Jun 1945 Aug 1945 North American Mustang Mk.IV
Oct 1945 Apr 1946 Martin Baltimore Mks.IV, V
Mar 1946 Aug 1946 De Havilland Mosquito FB.26
Dec 1946 Mar 1950 Hawker Tempest F.6
Feb 1950 May 1952 De Havilland Vampire FB.5
Jan 1952 Apr 1955 De Havilland Vampire FB.9
Oct 1954 Dec 1955 De Havilland Venom FB.1
Jul 1955 Oct 1957 De Havilland Venom FB.4
Oct 1957 Jan 1960 English Electric Canberra B.2
Nov 1959 Oct 1961 English Electric Canberra B.6
Oct 1961 Feb 1969 English Electric Canberra B.16

References

Notes

  1. ^ Halley 1988, p. 317.
  2. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 318.
  3. ^ http://249sqn-atc.co.uk/
  4. ^ http://www.249sqn.co.uk/history.html
  5. ^ Cull 1997, p. xii.
  6. ^ Rawlings 1982, 180.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Chaz. Mosquito Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1425-6.
  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Cull, Brian. 249 At War: The Authorized History of the RAF's Top Scoring Squadron of WWII. London, Grub Street, 1997. ISBN 1-89869-749-3.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes Since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 1998 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1964 (new edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (new edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 249 Squadron — may refer to: No. 249 Squadron RAF 249th Airlift Squadron, USAF BR Battle of Britain class 34073 249 Squadron, a steam loco named after the RAF squadron. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • No. 500 Squadron RAF — No. 500 (County of Kent) Squadron RAuxAF Active 16 Mar 1931 11 Jul 1944 1 Aug 1944 23 Oct 1945 10 May 1946 10 Mar 1957 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 263 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge Crest of No. 263 Squadron RAF Active 27 September 1918 16 May 1919 20 October 1939 28 August 1945 29 August 1945 1 July 1958 1 …   Wikipedia

  • No. 601 Squadron RAF — No. 601 (County of London) Squadron Active 14 October 1925 – May 1945 June 1946 – 10 March 1957 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 113 Squadron RAF — Active 1 Aug 1917 1 Feb 1920 18 May 1937 15 Oct 1945 1 Sep 1946 1 Apr 1947 1 May 1947 1 Sep 1948 22 Jul 1959 10 Jul 1963 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 16 Squadron RAF — Active 10 February 1915 – Present Role Elementary Flying Training …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 99 Squadron RAF — No. 99 Squadron Royal Air Force Official squadron crest for no. 99 squadron RAF Active 15 Aug 1917 2 Apr 1920 1 Apr 1924 15 Nov 1945 17 Nov 1947 7 Jan 1976 1 Jan 2002 Present Day …   Wikipedia

  • No. 1 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 1 Squadron RAF Active 1 April 1911 (RE), 13 May 1912 (RFC), 1 April 1918 (RAF) to 1 Novemb …   Wikipedia

  • No. 201 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron crest for No. 201 Squadron RAF Active 17 Oct 1914(RNAS) 21 Jun 1915 6 Dec 1916 1 Apr 1918 1 Apr 1918(RAF) 31 Dec 1919 1 Jan 1929 28 Feb 1957 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.