No. 97 Squadron RAF


No. 97 Squadron RAF
No. 97 (Straits Settlements) Squadron RAF
Active 1917 to 1920
1935 to 1956
1959 to 1967
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Motto Achieve your aim
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry An ogress pierced by an arrow, point downwards

No. 97 (Straits Settlements) Squadron, was a Royal Air Force squadron formed on December 1, 1917 at Waddington, Lincolnshire, first as a training unit, until moving to Netheravon in March 1918, and re-equipping with the Handley Page O/400 heavy bomber.[citation needed] The squadron served in France for the remainder of the war. From 17 November 1918, 97 Squadron was based at RAF Saint Inglevert, departing on 4 March 1919,[1] and re-equipping with the Airco DH.10. The squadron was later posted to India, where it remained until disbanding on April 1, 1920, after being re-numbered No. 60 squadron.

The squadron reformed on September 16, 1935 at RAF Catfoss, and was equipped with the Handley Page Heyford. The squadron was disbanded again in April 1940.

The squadron reformed again on February 25, 1941 at Waddington, and was equipped with the Avro Manchester bomber. Later the squadron was re-equipped with the Avro Lancaster, and in April 1943 became a pathfinder force squadron.

In July 1946, the squadron re-equipped with the Avro Lincoln, and remained operational until disbanding at Hemswell on January 1, 1956.

The squadron was reformed - as 97(SM) Sqn. - on 1 December 1959 as one of 20 Strategic Missile (SM) squadrons associated with Project Emily. The squadron was equipped with three Thor Intermediate range ballistic missiles. and based at RAF Hemswell.

In October 1962, during the Cuban missile crisis, the squadron was kept at full readiness, with the missiles aimed at strategic targets in the USSR. The squadron was disbanded on 24 May 1963 when the Thor Program in Britain was terminated.

The squadron was then reformed againj, via the re-numbering of No. 151 Squadron, disbanding for the final time on January 2, 1967.

References

  1. ^ "Saint-Inglevert" (in French). Old Anciens Aerodromes. http://old.anciens-aerodromes.com/terrains%20aviations/StInglevert.htm. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 

See also

  • List of UK Thor missile bases

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