No. 524 Squadron RAF


No. 524 Squadron RAF
No. 524 Squadron RAF
Active 20 Oct 1943 - 7 Dec 1943
7 Apr 1944 - 25 May 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Part of No. 15 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Okt 43 - Dec 43)
No. 19 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Apr 44 - Jul 44)
No. 16 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Jul 44 - May 45)[1]
Insignia
Squadron Codes 7R (Apr 1944 - May 1945)[2][3]

No. 524 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Coastal Command aircraft squadron that operated during the Second World War.

Contents

History

No. 524 Squadron was formed at RAF Oban, Argyll and Bute in Scotland on 20 October 1943 to operate the Martin Mariner flying boat.[4][5][6] The squadron's role was to introduce the Mariner into RAF service.[7] By the end of 1943 the aircraft was ready for operations but the RAF had decided not to operate the type and the squadron was disbanded on either 7 December 1943[5][6] or 29 January 1944.[1][4]

The squadron was reformed at RAF Davidstow Moor on 7 April 1944 to operate the Vickers Wellington.[4][5][6] The squadron carried out night operations of the French coast in preparation for D-Day, mainly attacking E-boats and submarines but also other shipping.[7] It also provided escort to Coastal Command Beaufighters carrying out night strikes. After the Normandy Invasion the squadron moved to the east of England to RAF Docking in a similar role along the Dutch coast. The squadron also directed surface vessels to attack enemy shipping.[7] With the end of the war approaching the squadron was disbanded on either 25 May 1945[5][6] or on 25 June 1945 at RAF Langham,[1][4] the appointment of S/Ldr. Willis pointing to the latter.

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Aircraft Version Type
October 1943 January 1944 Martin Mariner Mk.I Twin-engined maritime patrol flying boat
April 1944 January 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIII Twin-engined medium bomber
December 1944 May 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIV Twin-engined medium bomber

Squadron bases

Bases and airfields used by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Base Remark
20 October 1943 7 December 1943 RAF Oban, Argyll, Scotland
7 April 1944 1 July 1944 RAF Davidstow Moor, Cornwall
1 July 1944 23 July 1944 RAF Docking, Norfolk
23 July 1944 17 October 1944 RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk Dets. at RAF Docking, Norfolk; RAF Langham, Norfolk
and RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland (under No. 18 Group RAF, Coastal Command[1])
17 October 1944 25 May 1945 RAF Langham, Norfolk Det. at RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland

Commanding officers

Officers commanding no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4]
From To Name
October 1943 December 1943 W/Cdr. W.E.M. Lowry
April 1944 July 1944 S/Ldr. A.W.B. Naismith
July 1944 May 1945 W/Cdr. R.G. Knott, DSO, DFC
May 1945 June 1945 S/Ldr. G.E. Willis, DFC

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d rafcommands
  2. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 92.
  3. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 60.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Rawlings 1982, p. 230.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Halley 1988, p. 399.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Jefford 2001, p. 97.
  7. ^ a b c Orbis 1985, p. 4212.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links

Related content


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No. 36 Squadron RAF — Active 18 March 1916 (RFC), 1 April 1918 (RAF) to 13 June 1919 1 October 1928 – 8 March 1942 22 October 1942 4 June 1945 1 October 1946 15 October 1947 1 July 1953 28 February 1957 1 September 1958 3 November 1975 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 201 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron crest for No. 201 Squadron RAF Active 17 Oct 1914(RNAS) 21 Jun 1915 6 Dec 1916 1 Apr 1918 1 Apr 1918(RAF) 31 Dec 1919 1 Jan 1929 28 Feb 1957 …   Wikipedia

  • No. 16 Squadron RAF — Active 10 February 1915 – Present Role Elementary Flying Training …   Wikipedia

  • No. 208 Squadron RAF — Active 26 October 1916 – 7 November 1919 1 February 1920 30 March 1959 1 April 1959 10 September 1971 1 March 1974 31 March 1994 1 April 1994 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 46 Squadron RAF — No. 46 Squadron Active 19 April 1916 31 August 1975 Country United Kingdom Branch Royal Air Force Size squadron No. 46 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps …   Wikipedia

  • No. 609 Squadron RAF — No. 609 (West Riding) Squadron Active 10 Feb 1936 15 Sep 1945 31 Jul 1946 10 Mar 1957 1 Jul 1998 present Country Unite …   Wikipedia

  • No. 263 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge Crest of No. 263 Squadron RAF Active 27 September 1918 16 May 1919 20 October 1939 28 August 1945 29 August 1945 1 July 1958 1 …   Wikipedia

  • No. 501 Squadron RAF — No 501 (County of Gloucester) Squadron, RAF Regiment Active 14 June 1929 20 April 1945 10 May 1946 10 March 1957 June 2001 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 233 Squadron RAF — Active 31 August 1918 15 May 1919 18 May 1937 – 15 December 1945 1952 1957 1 September 1960 – 31 January 1964 Country …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.