No. 48 Squadron RAF


No. 48 Squadron RAF
No. 48 Squadron RAF
Active 15 April 1916 - 1 April 1920
25 November 1935 - 7 January 1976
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Motto Forte et fidele
Latin: "By strength and faithfulness"

No. 48 Squadron was a Royal Air Force squadron that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

Contents

History

First World War

No. 48 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps was formed at Netheravon, Wiltshire, on 15 April 1916. The squadron was posted to France in March 1917 and became the first fighter squadron to be equipped with the Bristol Fighter. One of the squadron's commanders was - then Major - Keith Park who later led No. 11 Group of Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain as an Air Vice Marshal. The squadron became part of the Royal Air Force when the Royal Flying Corps merged with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918, and on 1 April 1920 the squadron was disbanded by renumbering it to No. 5 Squadron.[citation needed]

The squadron had 32 aces serve in it. Besides Park, they included Fred Holliday, John Letts, Brian Edmund Baker, Harold Anthony Oaks, Leonard A. Payne, Robert Dodds, John Theobald Milne, Charles Napier, Frank Ransley, Alan Wilkinson, Thomas Percy Middleton, William Price, future Air Marshal Charles Steele, Norman Craig Millman, Thomas G. Rae, Owen Scholte, Roger Hay, Norman Roberts,[1] Joseph Michael John Moore,[2] Arthur Noss.[3] and Maurice Benjamin.[4]

Second World War

The squadron reformed on 25 November 1935 at Bicester, and became a General Reconnaissance unit operating Avro Anson aircraft. With the outbreak of war in 1939 the squadron was engaged in coastal patrols along the south coast of England. In 1941 the squadron re-equipped with Lockheed Hudson aircraft and took on the role of an anti-submarine squadron, patrolling first the North Sea and later in December 1942 the squadron moved Gibraltar to patrol the Mediterranean.

In 1944 the squadron returned to the UK and was re-equipped with Douglas Dakota aircraft. It remained a transport squadron until being disbanded on 16 January 1946.

Post war

The squadron reformed again on 15 February 1946 when No. 215 Squadron was renumbered as No. 48. The squadron remained a transport unit for the remainder of its existence operating aircraft such as the Vickers Valetta, Handley Page Hastings and finally the Hercules. The squadron disbanded on 7 January 1976 at Lyneham.

References

  • Royal Air Force History - No. 48 Squadron
  • Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell; Alegi, Gregory. Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914-1918: Volume 4 of Fighting Airmen of WWI Series: Volume 4 of Air aces of WWI. Grub Street, 1997. ISBN 1898697566, 9781898697565.
  • Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. Grub Street, 1990. ISBN 0948817194, 9780948817199.

Endnotes

  1. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/services/gbritain/rfc/48.php Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  2. ^ Shores, et al, pp. 116-117, 288-289, 313.
  3. ^ Franks, et al, p. 40.
  4. ^ Franks, et al, p. 5.

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