No. 661 Squadron RAF


No. 661 Squadron RAF
No. 661 Squadron RAF
Active 31 Aug 1943 - 31 Oct 1945
1 May 1949 - 10 Mar 1957
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Air Observation Post squadron
Motto Latin: Designo oculis ad caedem
("With my eyes i designate for slaughter")
Insignia
Squadron Badge A grenade enfiled by a compass ring[1]
Squadron Codes OE (Aug 1944 - Oct 1945)[2][3]
ROA (Feb 1949 - Apr 1951)[4][5]
Aircraft flown
Reconnaissance Auster Single-engined Army liaison monoplane

No. 661 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Air Observation Post squadron associated with the Canadian 1st Army and later part of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Numbers 651 to 663 Squadrons of the RAF were Air Observation Post units working closely with Army units in artillery spotting and liaison. A further three of these squadrons, 664-666, were manned with Canadian personnel. Their duties and squadron numbers were transferred to the Army with the formation of the Army Air Corps on 1 September 1957.[6][7]

Contents

History

Formation and World War II

No. 661 Squadron was formed at RAF Old Sarum on 31 August 1943 with the Auster III and in March 1994 the Auster IV. The squadron role was to support the Canadian 1st Army and in August 1944 it moved to France. Fighting in the break-out from Normandy it followed the Canadians across the low countries and into Germany. The squadron disbanded at Ghent, Belgium on 31 October 1945.[8]

Post-war

After the war the Air Observation Squadrons were reformed and No. 661 Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force was as such formed at RAF Kenley on 1 May 1949, consisting of five flights -nos. 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 and 1961 (Reserve) AOP Flights-,[9] to provide support to the Army in the south London and Surrey area until it was disbanded on 10 March 1957 at RAF Henlow.[8]

Aircraft operated

A postwar Auster Mk.V, restored in wartime colours.
Aircraft operated by no. 661 Squadron RAF, data from[1][8]
From To Aircraft Variant
August 1943 April 1944 Auster Mk.III
March 1944 October 1945 Auster Mk.IV
November 1944 October 1945 Auster Mk.V
May 1949 October 1951 Auster AOP.5
May 1949 February 1957 Auster AOP.6
Jul 1949 February 1950 Auster AOP.4

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 448.
  2. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 79.
  3. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 95.
  4. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 138.
  5. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 187.
  6. ^ Halley 1988, pp. 444–451.
  7. ^ Jefford 2001, pp. 102–104.
  8. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 104.
  9. ^ Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 131.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Sturtivant, Ray, ISO and John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

External links

Related content


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No. 16 Squadron RAF — Active 10 February 1915 – Present Role Elementary Flying Training …   Wikipedia

  • No. 41 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 41 Squadron RAF Active 14 July 1916 Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 99 Squadron RAF — No. 99 Squadron Royal Air Force Official squadron crest for no. 99 squadron RAF Active 15 Aug 1917 2 Apr 1920 1 Apr 1924 15 Nov 1945 17 Nov 1947 7 Jan 1976 1 Jan 2002 Present Day …   Wikipedia

  • No. 1 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge of No. 1 Squadron RAF Active 1 April 1911 (RE), 13 May 1912 (RFC), 1 April 1918 (RAF) to 1 Novemb …   Wikipedia

  • No. 201 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron crest for No. 201 Squadron RAF Active 17 Oct 1914(RNAS) 21 Jun 1915 6 Dec 1916 1 Apr 1918 1 Apr 1918(RAF) 31 Dec 1919 1 Jan 1929 28 Feb 1957 …   Wikipedia

  • No. 230 Squadron RAF — Active 20 Aug 1918 1 Apr 1923 1 Dec 1934 28 Feb 1957 1 Sep 1958 3 Dec 1971 1 January 1972 30 April 1992 4 May 1992 present …   Wikipedia

  • No. 208 Squadron RAF — Active 26 October 1916 – 7 November 1919 1 February 1920 30 March 1959 1 April 1959 10 September 1971 1 March 1974 31 March 1994 1 April 1994 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • No. 46 Squadron RAF — No. 46 Squadron Active 19 April 1916 31 August 1975 Country United Kingdom Branch Royal Air Force Size squadron No. 46 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps …   Wikipedia

  • No. 609 Squadron RAF — No. 609 (West Riding) Squadron Active 10 Feb 1936 15 Sep 1945 31 Jul 1946 10 Mar 1957 1 Jul 1998 present Country Unite …   Wikipedia

  • No. 263 Squadron RAF — Official Squadron Badge Crest of No. 263 Squadron RAF Active 27 September 1918 16 May 1919 20 October 1939 28 August 1945 29 August 1945 1 July 1958 1 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.