Artur Chilingarov


Artur Chilingarov
Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov

Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov visiting Arkangelsk (2009, August 22)
Born 25 September 1939 (1939-09-25) (age 72)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now St. Petersburg, Russia)
Nationality Russian
Ethnicity Jewish
Years active 1963–present
Known for Polar exploration
Awards Hero of the Soviet UnionHero of the Russian Federation medal.png
Signature

Artur Nikolayevich Chilingarov (Russian: Артур Николаевич Чилингаров; born 25 September 1939) is a Russian polar explorer. He is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1986 and the title Hero of the Russian Federation in 2008. Chilingarov is also a member of State Duma from Nenets Autonomous Okrug (since 1993).[1] Member of United Russia party.

He was born in Leningrad. In 1963 he graduated from the Arctic faculty of the Leningrad Maritime Institute named after admiral S.O. Makarov. As an engineer-oceanologer he was directed to Tiksi observatory of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. In 1965 he was elected first secretary of Bulun Komsomol district committee. In 1969 he was appointed head of the drift ice station “North Pole-19” and in 1971 Chilingarov headed the Bellingshausen Station of the 17-th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.

Between 1974 and 1979 he worked in the West sector of the Arctic as head of the Amderma Administration of hydrometeorology and environment control. Under his direction new forms of Arctic operative navigation support were implemented; for the first time experimental works on cargo transfer to fast ice during wintertime were carried out in Yamal Peninsula. His experience in navigation support on the Northern Sea Route Chilingarov summarized in his dissertation for the scientific degree of a kandidat of geographical sciences.

In 1985 he headed the special expedition on research vessel Mikhail Somov, which was ice-blocked in the Southern Ocean. For successful performance of salvation operations in extreme conditions and shown organizational abilities and courage Chilingarov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on February 14, 1986.[2] In January 2007 He led a helicopter expedition to Antarctica, joined by FSB chief Nikolay Patrushev, and visited the South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.[3]

During the 2007 Russian North Pole expedition, Chilingarov, accompanied by five other explorers from different countries, descended on 2 Mir submersibles to the seabed 13,980 feet below the North Pole in order to plant the Russian flag there and gather the specimens of the bottom ground.[4] In regard to the territorial claims in the Arctic, Chilingarov was quoted as saying, "The Arctic is Russian. We must prove the North Pole is an extension of the Russian landmass".[5]

In July 2008, Russia announced it was sending Mir submersibles to descend one mile to the bottom of Lake Baikal, to conduct geological and biological tests on its unique ecosystem. Chilingarov is scheduled to join 60 dives in total.[6] On July 29, 2008, Chilingarov took part in a dive to a depth of 1,580 meters in Lake Baikal, short of the record of 1,637 meters.[7]

On January 10, 2008 Chilingarov was awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation for "courage and heroism showed in extremal conditions and successful completion of High-Latitude Arctic Deep-Water Expedition."[8]

In August, 2009 he revealed a planned Arctic expedition in April, 2010. Chilingarov plans to fly on dirigible AU-30, manufactered by the Aeronautic Centre Avgur.[9]

Awards

This article incorporates information from the Russian Wikipedia.
  • Hero of the Russian Federation (January 9, 2008) - for courage and heroism displayed in extreme conditions, and the success of high-latitude Arctic expedition
  • Hero of the Soviet Union (February 14, 1986) - for exemplary performance targets for the release of the research vessel Mikhail Somov from the ice of Antarctica, leadership in rescue operations during the period of drift and displaying courage and heroism
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (June 12, 2007) - for active participation in legislative activities and the success of high-latitude air expedition to South Pole
  • Order of Naval Merit (27 January 2003) - for outstanding contribution to research, development and use of the oceans
  • Order of Lenin
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour
  • Order of the Badge of Honour
  • Honoured meteorologist of the Russian Federation (11 February 2005)
  • USSR State Prize - for the development of methods of cargo handling on fast ice in Yamal
  • Order of Polar Star (Yakutia, 25 November 2002)
  • Order of St. Mashtots (Armenia, September 17, 2008) - in connection with the 17th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Armenia
  • Commander of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile, 2006)
  • Order of Friendship (South Ossetia), (June 19, 2009) - for his great contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between peoples, actively promote the development of democracy and parliamentarianism in the Republic of South Ossetia and to provide practical assistance to its citizens in the implementation of voting rights
  • Chevalier Legion of Honour (France, 2010)
  • Medal of Anania Shirakatsi (Armenia, October 31, 2000) - for his contribution to the strengthening and development of Armenian-Russian friendship
  • Order of St. Prince Daniil Moskovsky, 2nd class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2009) - in consideration of the works, for their active participation in the development of church life and in connection with the 70th anniversary of the birth
  • Medal "Symbol of Science" (2007)

Chilingarov is the author of more than 50 scientific publications. He was elected into all the State Dumas and served as Deputy Chairman of the Third State Duma.

References


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