Order of the Red Banner of Labour


Order of the Red Banner of Labour
Order of the Red Banner of Labour
OrderOfTheRedBannerOfLabour.jpg
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour
Awarded by the  Soviet Union
Type Single-grade order
Eligibility Soviet citizens and institutions including factories
Awarded for accomplishments in labour, the civil service, literature, the arts and sciences
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established December 28, 1920
First awarded June 28, 1921
Last awarded December 21, 1991
Total awarded 1 224 590
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of the October Revolution
Next (lower) Order of Friendship of Peoples
Related Order of the Red Banner
Orderredbannerlabor rib.png
Ribbon of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour

The Order of the Red Banner of Labour (Russian: Орден Трудового Красного Знамени, Orden Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni) was an order of the Soviet Union for accomplishments in labour and civil service. It is the labour counterpart of the military Order of the Red Banner. A few institutions and factories, being the pride of Soviet Union, also received the order.

Contents

History

The Red Banner of Labour began as an order of the Russian SFSR on December 28, 1920. The statute establishing the all-Union equivalent was passed on September 7, 1928.

Insignia

The order consisted of a silver badge in the shape of a cogwheel bearing the motto "Proletarians of the World, Unite!" in Russian. The central disc had the golden "hammer and sickle" emblem superimposed on a dam scene with blue enamel water, and was surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. Above it was a red banner bearing the Russian initials "СССР" (USSR), and below was a red star flanked by golden panicles of wheat.

It was originally worn as a badge on the left chest, but was later suspended from a light blue ribbon bearing dark blue stripes on the edges.

Recipients

The first recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour of the RSFSR was Nikita Menchukov for saving an important bridge from being destroyed by flowing ice.

Order of the Red Banner of Labour of the USSR number 1 was presented to the Putilov(later Kirov) Works in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). The first individual awardees were V. Fedetov, A. Shelagin and M Kyatkovsky for the rescue of a polar expedition.

Mikhail Gorbachev received the Order of the Red Banner of Labour for harvesting a record crop on his family's collective farm in 1947 at age 16, an honour which was very rare for someone so young. He is one of the Order's youngest recipients.

See also

External links


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