- British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition
The British Australian (and) New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) was a research expedition into
Antarcticabetween 1929 and 1931, involving two voyages over consecutive Austral summers. It was a British Commonwealth initiative, driven more by geopolitics than science, and funded by the United Kingdom, Australiaand New Zealand.
The leader of the BANZARE was Sir
Douglas Mawsonand there were several subcommanders (Captain K.N. MacKenzie, who replaced Captain John King Davisfor the second summer) onboard the RRS Discovery, the ship previously used by Robert Falcon Scott. The BANZARE, which also made several short flights in a small plane, mapped the coastline of Antarcticaand discovered Mac Robertson Land and Princess Elizabeth Land(which later became incorporated into the Australian Antarctic Territory).
The voyages primarily comprised an 'acquisitive exploratory expedition' (Collis, 2004:4), with Mawson making proclamations of British sovereignty over Antarctic lands at each of their five landfalls—on the understanding that the territory would later be handed to Australia (as it was in 1933). One such proclamation was made on
January 5, 1931at Cape Denison, the site which Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expeditionhad occupied in 1912–13.
The BANZARE was also a scientific quest, producing thirteen volumes of reports—on geology, oceanography, meteorology, terrestrial magnetism, zoology and botany—between 1937 and 1975 (see Price, 1962).
Robert Fallawas the assistant zoologist.
*"B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition 1929–1931 Reports" (1937–1975), Adelaide: BANZAR Expedition Committee & Mawson Institute for Antarctic Research, University of Adelaide.
*Collis, Christy (2004) The Proclamation Island Moment: Making Antarctica Australian. "Law Text Culture 8":1–18.
*Price, A. Grenfell (1962) "The Winning of Australian Antarctica: Mawson's BANZARE voyages, 1929–31: based on the Mawson Papers", Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
List of Antarctic expeditions
* [http://geonames.usgs.gov/stategaz/ANTARCTICA.TXT All features of Antarctica listed in one single *.TXT-File, provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS)] In this document, BANZARE appears often, a search for "BANZARE" shows which features BANZARE was involved with.
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