- Isaac Israel Hayes
name = Isaac Israel Hayes
caption = Isaac I. Hayes portrait by
Mathew B. Brady, circa 1860-1875
March 5, 1832
birth_place = Chester County,
death_date = death date and age|1881|12|17|1832|3|5
Isaac Israel Hayes (
March 5, 1832– December 17, 1881) was an Arcticexplorer and physician.
Hayes was born in Chester County,
Pennsylvania. After completing his medical studies at the University of Pennsylvania, Hayes signed on as ship's surgeon for an 1853 expedition led by Elisha Kent Kaneto search for John Franklin. His 1854 exploration of the east coast of Ellesmere Islandnorth of 79 degrees N. resulted in new and accurately mapped geographical discoveries.
Hayes led his own expedition 1860-1 which claimed to have reached the farthest north land ever, on the Ellesmere Island coast at 81 degrees 35 minutes N., 70 degrees 30 minutes W. It was later found that this position is deep within Ellesmere, not on the coast, and that Hayes's resulting map of Ellesmere north of 80 degrees N. was false, because he had represented seriously after-noon sextant observations of the Sun as having been taken at noon, and because his 1861 farthest was at Cape Collinson, less than 10 miles north of 80 degrees.
Hayes returned to the United States in 1861 claiming to have seen the
Open Polar Seareported by Elisha Kent Kane in 1855. The Civil War, however, had come to preoccupy Americans and diminished Hayes' reports of discovery.
American Civil War, Hayes commanded Satterlee Hospital, a sprawling Union army4,500-bed hospital in Philadelphia.
United States Rangeon Canada's Ellesmere Islandis named after his ship.
Ostrov Kheysa, an island in
Franz Josef Land(Russia) is named after Isaac I. Hayes.
*Michael Robinson, The Coldest Crucible: Arctic Exploration and American Culture (Chicago, 2006)
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=5572 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.ekkane.org/Biographies/BioHayes.htm Hayes Biography]
* [http://www.dioi.org/hay.htm Hayes' 1860-1 backers, data, alterations, maps, picture of farthest]
NAME = Hayes, Isaac Israel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Explorer
DATE OF BIRTH = 5 March 1832
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
DATE OF DEATH = 17 December 1881
PLACE OF DEATH =
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
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HAYES, ISAAC ISRAEL — (1832–1881), U.S. explorer. Born in Chester, Pennsylvania, Hayes volunteered in 1853 as ship s surgeon on Kane s expedition to the North Pole in search of Sir John Franklin. His ship was icebound in Kane s Basin for two years, during which time… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hayes, Isaac Israel — ▪ American explorer born March 5, 1832, Chester county, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 17, 1881, New York, N.Y. American physician and Arctic explorer who sought to prove the existence of open seas around the North Pole. After receiving his M.D. from … Universalium
HAYES, ISAAC ISRAEL — Arctic explorer, born in Pennsylvania; after graduating in medicine, joined the Kane expedition in search of Franklin in 1853, and subsequently made two other voyages to the Arctic regions, accounts of which are given in his An Arctic Boat… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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