- William Smith (mariner)
William Smith (born c. 1775 in
Blyth, Northumberland) was the English captainwho discovered the South Shetland Islands, an archipelagonear Antarctica.
In 1819, while sailing cargo on the "Williams" from
Buenos Airesto Valparaíso, he sailed further south round Cape Hornin an attempt of catching the right winds. On 19 February 1819he spotted the new land at 62° West but did not land on it. The naval authorities did not believe his discovery, but on a subsequent trip on 16 Octoberhe landed on the largest of the islands. He named the island King George Islandand the archipelago South Shetland Islandsin honour of the Shetland Islandswhich are to the north of Scotland. At the beginning of the following year, 1820, the "Williams" was chartered by the Royal Navy, and dispatched with Smith and Lieutenant Edward Bransfieldonboard to survey the newly discovered islands, discovering also the Antarctic Peninsulain the process.
* Livingston Island
* [http://www.antarctic-circle.org/rosove.htm Antarctic Voyages and Expeditions] , retrieved on
March 2 2005
* Glasgow Digital Library: [http://gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/scotia/vserm/vserm0202.htm Scotland and the Antarctic: Nineteenth Century] , retrieved on
March 2 2005
* Ashgate Publishing: [http://www.history.ac.uk/ihr/Resources/Books/ashgate1.html The Discovery of the South Shetland Islands, 1819-1820: The Journal of Midshipman C. W. Poynter] , summary of the book retrieved on
March 2 2005
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