- George W. DeLong
Infobox Military Person
name = George Washington DeLong
born = Birth date |1844|8|22
died = Death date and age |1881|10|31|1844|8|22
New York City, New York
placeofburial= Woodlawn Cemetery in
The Bronx, New York
caption = Lt. Cmdr. George W. DeLong, in 1879, just before leaving for the Arctic.
allegiance = United States of America
serviceyears = 1865–1881
United States Navy
commands = USS "Jeannette"
George Washington DeLong (
August 22, 1844– October 31, 1881) was a United States Navyofficer and ill-fated explorer.
New York City, he was educated at the United States Naval Academyin Annapolis, Maryland. In 1879, backed by James Gordon Bennett, Jr., owner of the " New York Herald" newspaper, and under the auspices of the US Navy, Lieutenant Commander DeLong sailed from San Francisco, Californiaon the ship USS "Jeannette" with a plan to find a quick way to the North Polevia the Bering Strait.
As well as collecting scientific data and animal specimens, De Long discovered and claimed three islands (
De Long Islands) for the United Statesin the summer of 1881.
The ship became trapped in the ice and eventually was crushed and sank. DeLong and his crew abandoned ship and set out for
Siberiain three small boats. After reaching open water, they became separated and one boat was lost; no trace of it was ever found. DeLong's own boat reached land, but only two men sent ahead for aid survived. (See: William Henry Gilder) The third boat, under the command of Chief Engineer George W. Melville, reached the Lena delta and was rescued.
DeLong died of starvation near Mat Vay,
Yakutsk, Siberia. Melville returned a year later and found the body of DeLong and his boat crew. Overall, the doomed voyage took the lives of nineteen expedition members, as well as additional men lost during the search operations.
DeLong and five of his men are buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in
The Bronx, New York.
Two US Navy ships were named USS "DeLong" in his honor, as were the
DeLong Mountainsin northwest Alaska.
In 1890 the officers and men of the
United States Navydedicated a granite-and-marble monument to the memory of Lieut. George Washington De Long and the crew of the USS "Jeannette". Lieut. George Partridge Colvocoressesdesigned the monument — a cross with carved icicles hanging from it that sits atop a cairn. The convert|24|ft|m|sing=on-high structure is in the U.S. Naval AcademyCemetery overlooking the Severn River.
* DeLong, "The Voyage of the Jeannette", comprising his journals, edited by his widow, Mrs. Emma J. (Wotton) DeLong (1883)
* Michael Robinson, "The Coldest Crucible: Arctic Exploration and American Culture" (Chicago, 2006)
John Wilson Danenhower, "The Narrative of the Jeannette" (Boston, 1882)
* Melville, "In the Lena Delta" (Boston, 1885)
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/ev-1880s/jeannett.htm Jeannette Arctic Expedition]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Washington DeLong — Retrato justo antes de partir de San Francisco (1879) … Wikipedia Español
George W. DeLong — George Washington De Long Pour les articles homonymes, voir Long. Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong, USN George Washington DeLong ( … Wikipédia en Français
George Washington DeLong — George Washington De Long Die USS Jeannette George Washington De Long (* 22. August 1844 in New York; † um den … Deutsch Wikipedia
Delong — or DeLong may refer to: Alana DeLong, Canadian politician Ding Delong, military officer Gary DeLong, American soccer player George W. DeLong (1844–1881), naval officer and explorer J. Bradford DeLong (born 1960), economist Jesse Delong… … Wikipedia
George Washington (name) — George Washington (1732 ndash;1799) was the Commander in Chief of Continental forces in the American Revolution and the first President of the United States after the war of independence.Many people have been named after him, including:People… … Wikipedia
George Washington De Long — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Long. George Washington De Long Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong, USN … Wikipédia en Français
George W. Melville — Infobox Military Person name = George Wallace Melville born = 10 January 1841 died = 17 March 1912 placeofbirth = placeofdeath = caption = nickname = allegiance = United States of America serviceyears = 1861–1903 rank = Rear Admiral branch =… … Wikipedia
George Washington — Para el explorador y marino, véase George Washington DeLong; para el inventor, véase George Washington (inventor). George Washington El presidente Washington por Gilbert Stuart … Wikipedia Español
DeLong-Inseln — Lage der Neusibirischen Inseln Die De Long Inseln (russisch Острова Де Лонга / Ostrowa De Longa) sind ein Archipel im Nordpolarmeer. Geographisch werden sie als Teil der Neusibirischen Inseln betrachtet, administrativ gehören sie zur russischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
USS DeLong (DD-129) — USS DeLong (DD–129) was a Wickes class destroyer in the United States Navy. She was named for Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong (1844–1881), an Arctic explorer.History DeLong was launched 29 October 1918 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation,… … Wikipedia