- Wally Herbert
Sir Walter William "Wally" Herbert (
24 October 1934– 12 June 2007) was an British polar explorer, writerand artist. In 1969 he became the first man to walk undisputed to the North Pole, on the 60th anniversary of Robert Peary's famous, but disputed, expedition. [ [http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/uk/sir+wally+herbert+dies/558357 Channel 4, "Sir Wally Herbert dies" 13 June 2007] ]
During the course of his polar career, which spanned more than 50 years, he spent 15 years in the wilderness regions of the polar world, and travelled with dog teams and open boats well over 23,000 miles - more than half of that distance through unexplored areas. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1927969.ece "The Times Online", "'Greatest polar explorer' Sir Wally Herbert dies" 13 June 2007] ]
Walter Herbert was born into an army family in
Englandbut emigrated to Egyptat the age of three, then to South Africafor nine years. He studied at the Royal School of Military Surveythen spent 18 months surveying in Egypt and Cyprus. He traveled back to England through Turkeyand Greece, drawing portraits for his board and lodging.
In 1955 he carried out surveying in the
Antarcticwith the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey, during which he became an expert in dog sleighing. On a journey along the Antarctic Peninsulafrom Hope Bayto Portal Pointhe sledged some 5,000 km. This experience with dogs led him to a job with the New Zealand Antarctic programmewhich commissioned him to purchase dogs in Greenlandfor the Antarctic. There he learnt Inuitmethods of dog driving.
As leader of an exploration party in the early 1960s Herbert surveyed a large area of the
Queen Maudrange and followed Shackleton (1908) and Scott's (1911) route up the Beardmore glacier. Denied a request to proceed to the South Pole, his party then ascended Mount Nansen and descended a route taken by Amundsenin 1911, thus being the first to retrace these explorers' traverses. In 1964 he then trekked the routes taken by Sverdrup and Cook from Greenland to Ellesmere Islandin the Arctic.
British Trans-Arctic Expedition
From 1968 to 1969 Wally led the
British Trans-Arctic Expedition, a 3,800-mile surface crossing of the Arctic Ocean, from Alaskato Spitsbergen, which some historians had billed as the ‘the last great journey on Earth.’ In July 1968, having crossed 1,900 km of rough drifting ice, Wally and his team established a camp. Because they could not reach a position where the drift of the trans-Arctic ice-stream was in their favour, they were forced to stay for the winter, as they drifted around the pole. Only when sunlight returned the following year could they continue their journey, finally reaching the North Polevia the Pole of Inaccessibilityon April 6 1969. Their feat was recognised by the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, as "a feat of endurance and courage which ranks with any in polar history", and which Prince Philipstated "ranks among the greatest triumphs of human skill and endurance".
In recognition of his polar achievements, he received several honours and awards: among them the
Polar Medaland bar; the Founders' Medalof the Royal Geographical Society, the gold medals of several Geographical Societies, and the Explorers Medal of the Explorers Club. He has a mountainrange and a plateaunamed after him in the Antarctic; the most northerly mountain in Svalbardnamed after him in the Arctic.
Between 1979 and 1979 Wally and
Allan Gillattempted to circumnavigate Greenland by dog sled and "umiak", a traditional boat. It was planned to take 16 months to cover the 13,000km but poor weather made it impossible. Near Loch Fyrne, Wally wrote:
Wally was also a prize-winning
authorand an artist, and had one-man shows in London, New York and Sydney.
Herbert became involved in the controversy over whether Peary had in fact reached the North Pole in 1909. He was commissioned by the
National Geographic Society, which had supported Peary's claim since 1909, to write a biography, but as he researched Peary's life he came to realise that Peary must have falsified his records, and not reached the Pole. His book, "The Noose of Laurels", caused a furore when it was published in 1989, complicated by the fact that his conclusion meant that Herbert himself had a better claim to be the first explorer to have reached the North Pole on foot. His conclusion is now widely accepted. [ [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/sir-wally-herbert-453324.html Obituary, "The Independent", June 16, 2007] ]
Herbert was knighted in 2000.
* "The Polar World", Wally Herbert, 2007
* "The Noose of Laurels", Wally Herbert, 1989
* "Polar Deserts", Wally Herbert
* "Hunters of the Polar North", Wally Herbert
* "Eskimos", Wally Herbert
* "North Pole", Wally Herbert
* "Across the Top of the World", Wally Herbert
* "A World of Men", Wally Herbert
The Guardian, Sir Wally Herbert, Obituaries, Friday June 15 2007
* [http://www.sirwallyherbert.com/ Sir Wally Herbert's homepage]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wally Herbert — Sir Walter William „Wally“ Herbert (* 24. Oktober 1934 in York, England; † 12. Juni 2007 in Inverness, Schottland) war ein britischer Polarforscher, Autor und Maler. Leben Herbert startete im Februar 1968 mit seinen Gefährten Allan Gill, Roy… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wally Herbert — Sir Walter William « Wally » Herbert (né le 24 octobre 1934 et mort le 12 juin 2007) est un explorateur polaire et écrivain britannique. Il est le premier homme à avoir atteint le pôle Nord à pied, par voie terrestre … Wikipédia en Français
Wally Herbert — Sir Walter William Wally Herbert (24 de octubre de 1934 12 de junio de 2007) fue un explorador polar británico. Nacido en York (norte de Inglaterra), en el seno de una familia de fuerte tradición militar. El 21 de febrero de 1968 una expedición… … Wikipedia Español
Wally — (a nickname for Walter or Wallace), can refer to:People* Wally Hayward, South African ultra distance running legend. * Wally Lewis, Australian rugby league footballer. * Wally Parks, A founder of the National Hot Rod Association. * Wally Phillips … Wikipedia
Wally — steht für: Bildnis Wally (Schiele), ein Ölgemälde der Walburga Neuzil (Wally) von Egon Schiele La Wally, eine Oper von Alfredo Catalani Wally Yachts, eine Werft mit Sitz in Monte Carlo, Monaco Wally ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Wally… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Herbert — ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Die seltene weibliche Form des Vornamens lautet Herberta. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name Herbert, auch Heribert, entstand aus der Zusammensetzung der althochdeutschen Wörter „heri“ für Heer,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Herbert (surname) — Herbert is a surname, and may refer to* A. P. Herbert * Adam Herbert * Alfred Herbert, a former manufacturer of machine tools * Anne Herbert, author, editor, and social activist * Anthony Reed Herbert * Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington *… … Wikipedia
Herbert Boyer — Infobox Person image size = 150px name = Herbert W. Boyer caption = Herbert W. Boyer birth date = 1936 birth place = occupation = Biochemist spouse = Herbert W. Boyer (born 1936) is a recipient of the 1990 National Medal of Science, and co… … Wikipedia
Herbert, Sir Wally — ▪ 2008 Walter William Herbert British polar explorer born Oct. 24, 1934, York, Eng. died June 12, 2007, Inverness, Scot. led the British Transarctic Expedition that crossed the Arctic Ocean via the North Pole on an epic 15 month trek from… … Universalium
Herbert Hoover High School (Glendale) — Infobox School name = Herbert Hoover High School motto = established = 1929 type = Public affiliation = district = Glendale Unified School District grades = president = principal = Kevin Welsh head of school = dean = faculty = staff = students =… … Wikipedia