Christian IV's Expeditions to Greenland

Christian IV's Expeditions to Greenland

Christian IV's Expeditions was a series of expeditions in the years 1605-1607 to Greenland and Arctic waterways sent by King Christian IV of Denmark in order to locate the lost Eastern Norse Settlement and assert Danish sovereignty over Greenland.

The expeditions were mostly unsuccessful, partly due to leaders lacking experience with the difficult arctic ice and weather conditions partly because the expedition leaders were given instructions to search for the Eastern Settlement on the east coast of Greenland just north for Cape Farewell, which is almost inaccessible due to southward drifting ice. The pilot on all three trips was James Hall, who - like many others until 1861 trusted "Frobisher's Strait" to be in southern Greenland, whereas it in fact is in southern Baffin Island. He piloted three of King Christian IV's Expeditions to Greenland under John Cunningham (1605), Godske Lindenov (1606), and Carsten Richardson (1607).[1]

In the same vein, King Christian IV sent Ove Gjedde on the first Danish expedition to East India (1618) and Jens Munk on an expedition to find the Northwest Passage (1619).[2]


Other sources

  • Gosch, C. C. A. (edit) Danish Arctic Expeditions, 1605 to 1620 (Cambridge Library Collection - Hakluyt First Series. August 2010 ) ISBN 978-1108012928

See also

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