 List of Russian mathematicians

This list of Russian mathematicians includes the famous mathematicians from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.

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Alphabetical list
Contents: A
 Georgy AdelsonVelsky, inventor of AVL tree algorithm, developer of Kaissa, the first world computer chess champion
 Aleksandr Aleksandrov, developer of CAT(k) space and Alexandrov's uniqueness theorem in geometry
 Pavel Alexandrov, author of the Alexandroff compactification and the Alexandrov topology
 Dmitri Anosov, developed Anosov diffeomorphism
 Vladimir Arnold, an author of the Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem in dynamical systems, solved Hilbert's 13th problem, raised the ADE classification and Arnold's rouble problems
B
 Sergey Bernstein, developed the Bernstein polynomial, Bernstein's theorem and Bernstein inequalities in probability theory
 Nikolay Bogolyubov, mathematician and theoretical physicist, author of the edgeofthewedge theorem, Krylov–Bogolyubov theorem, describing function and multiple important contributions to quantum mechanics
C
 Sergey Chaplygin, author of Chaplygin's equation important in aerodynamics and notion of Chaplygin gas.
 Nikolai Chebotaryov, author of Chebotarev's density theorem
 Pafnuti Chebyshev, prominent tutor and founding father of Russian mathematics, contributed to probability, statistics and number theory, author of the Chebyshev's inequality, Chebyshev distance, Chebyshev function, Chebyshev equation etc.
D
 Boris Delaunay, inventor of Delaunay triangulation, organised the first Soviet Student Olympiad in mathematics
 Vladimir Drinfel'd, mathematician and theoretical physicist, introduced quantum groups and ADHM construction, Fields Medal winner
 Eugene Dynkin, developed Dynkin diagram, Doob–Dynkin lemma and Dynkin system in algebra and probability
E
 Dmitri Egorov, known for significant contributions to the areas of differential geometry and mathematical analysis.
 Leonhard Euler, preeminent 18th century mathematician, arguably the greatest of all time, made important discoveries in mathematical analysis, graph theory and number theory, introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation (mathematical function, Euler's number, Euler circles etc.)
F
 Anatoly Fomenko, topologist and chronologist, put forth a controversial theory of the New Chronology
 Yevgraf Fyodorov, mathematician and crystallographer, identified Periodic graph in geometry, the first to catalogue all of the 230 space groups of crystals
G
 Boris Galerkin, developed the Galerkin method in numerical analysis
 Israel Gelfand, major contributor to numerous areas of mathematics, including group theory, representation theory and linear algebra, author of the Gelfand representation, Gelfand pair, Gelfand triple, integral geometry etc.
 Alexander Gelfond, author of Gelfond's theorem, provided means to obtain infinite number of transcendentals, including Gelfond–Schneider constant and Gelfond's constant, Wolf Prize in Mathematics winner
 Sergei Godunov, developed Godunov's theorem and Godunov's scheme in differential equations
 Valery Goppa, inventor of Goppa codes in algebraic geometry
 Mikhail Gromov, a prominent developer of geometric group theory, inventor of homotopy principle, introduced Gromov's compactness theorem, Gromov norm, Gromov product etc., Wolf Prize winner
K
 Leonid Kantorovich, mathematician and economist, founded linear programming, introduced the Kantorovich inequality and Kantorovich metric, developed the theory of optimal allocation of resources, Nobel Prize in Economics winner
 Anatoly Karatsuba, developed the Karatsuba algorithm (the first fast multiplication algorithm)
 Leonid Khachiyan, developed the Ellipsoid algorithm for linear programming
 Aleksandr Khinchin, developed the PollaczekKhinchine formula, Wiener–Khinchin theorem and Khinchin inequality in probability theory
 Andrey Kolmogorov, a preeminent 20th century mathematician, Wolf Prize winner; multiple contributions to mathematics include: probability axioms, Chapman–Kolmogorov equation and Kolmogorov extension theorem in probability; Kolmogorov complexity etc.
 Maxim Kontsevich, author of the Kontsevich integral and Kontsevich quantization formula, Fields Medal winner
 Vladimir Kotelnikov, a pioneer in information theory, an author of fundamental sampling theorem
 Sofia Kovalevskaya, the first woman professor in Northern Europe and Russia, the first female professor of mathematics, discovered the Kovalevskaya Top
 Mikhail Kravchuk, developed the Kravchuk polynomials and Kravchuk matrix
 Mark Krein, developed the TannakaKrein duality, Krein–Milman theorem and Krein space, Wolf Prize winner
 Alexander Kronrod, developer of Gauss–Kronrod quadrature formula and Kaissa, the first world computer chess champion
 Nikolay Krylov, author of the edgeofthewedge theorem, Krylov–Bogolyubov theorem and describing function
 Aleksandr Kurosh, author of the Kurosh subgroup theorem and Kurosh problem in group theory
L
 Olga Ladyzhenskaya, made major contributions to solution of Hilbert's 19th problem and important NavierStokes equations
 Evgeny Landis, inventor of AVL tree algorithm
 Vladimir Levenshtein, developed the Levenshtein automaton, Levenshtein coding and Levenshtein distance
 Leonid Levin, IT scientist, developed the CookLevin theorem
 Yuri Linnik, developed Linnik's theorem in analytic number theory
 Nikolai Lobachevsky, a Copernicus of Geometry who created the first nonEuclidean geometry (Lobachevskian or hyperbolic geometry)
 Nikolai Lusin, developed Luzin's theorem, Luzin spaces and Luzin sets in descriptive set theory
 Aleksandr Lyapunov, founder of stability theory, author of the Lyapunov's central limit theorem, Lyapunov equation, Lyapunov fractal, Lyapunov time etc.
M
 Leonty Magnitsky, a director of the Moscow School of Mathematics and Navigation, author of the principal Russian 18th century textbook in mathematics
 Anatoly Maltsev, researched decidability of various algebraic groups, developed the Malcev algebra
 Yuri Manin, author of the Gauss–Manin connection in algebraic geometry, ManinMumford conjecture and Manin obstruction in diophantine geometry
 Grigory Margulis, worked on lattices in Lie groups, Wolf Prize and Fields Medal winner
 Andrey Markov Sr., invented the Markov chains, proved Markov brothers' inequality, author of the hidden Markov model, Markov number, Markov property, Markov's inequality, Markov processes, Markov random field, Markov algorithm etc.
 Andrey Markov Jr., author of Markov's principle and Markov's rule in logics
 Yuri Matiyasevich, author of Matiyasevich's theorem in set theory, provided negative solution for Hilbert's tenth problem
 Alexander Mikhailov, coined the term Informatics
N
 Mark Naimark, author of the Gelfand–Naimark theorem and Naimark's problem
 Pyotr Novikov, solved the word problem for groups and Burnside's problem
 Sergei Novikov, worked on algebraic topology and soliton theory, developed Adams–Novikov spectral sequence and Novikov conjecture, Wolf Prize and Fields Medal winner
O
 Andrei Okounkov, infinite symmetric groups and Hilbert scheme researcher, Fields Medal winner
 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, mathematician and physicist, author of divergence theorem and partial fractions in integration
P
 Grigori Perelman, made landmark contributions to Riemannian geometry and topology, proved Geometrization conjecture and Poincaré conjecture, won a Fields medal and the first Clay Millennium Prize Problems Award (declined both)
 Lev Pontryagin, blind mathematician, developed Pontryagin duality and Pontryagin classes in topology, and Pontryagin's minimum principle in optimal control
 Yury Prokhorov, author of the Lévy–Prokhorov metric and Prokhorov's theorem in probability
R
 Alexander Razborov, mathematician and computational theorist who won the Nevanlinna Prize in 1990 and the Gödel Prize for contributions to computer sciences
S
 Lev Schnirelmann, developed the Lusternik–Schnirelmann category in topology and Schnirelmann density of numbers
 Moses Schönfinkel, inventor of combinatory logic
 Yakov Sinai, developed the Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy and Sinai billiard, Wolf Prize winner
 Eugen Slutsky, statistician and economist, developed the Slutsky equation and Slutsky's theorem
 Stanislav Smirnov, prominent researcher of triangular lattice, Fields Medalist
 Sergei Sobolev, introduced the Sobolev spaces and mathematical distributions, codeveloper of the first ternary computer Setun
 Vladimir Steklov, mathematician and physicist, founder of Steklov Institute of Mathematics, proved theorems on generalized Fourier series
T
 Jakow Trachtenberg, developed the Trachtenberg system of mental calculation
 Boris Trakhtenbrot, proved the Gap theorem, developed Trakhtenbrot's theorem
 Valentin Turchin, inventor of Refal programming language, introduced metasystem transition and supercompilation
 Andrey Tikhonov, author of Tikhonov space and Tikhonov's theorem (central in general topology), the Tikhonov regularization of illposed problems, invented magnetotellurics
U
 Pavel Urysohn, developed the metrization theorems, Urysohn's Lemma and Fréchet–Urysohn space in topology
V
 Nicolay Vasilyev, inventor of nonAristotelian logic, the forerunner of paraconsistent and multivalued logics
 Ivan Vinogradov, developed Vinogradov's theorem and Pólya–Vinogradov inequality in analytic number theory
 Vladimir Voevodsky, introduced a homotopy theory for schemes and modern motivic cohomology, Fields Medalist
 Georgy Voronoy, invented the Voronoi diagram
Y
 Dmitry Yegorov, author of Egorov's Theorem in mathematical analysis
Z
 Efim Zelmanov, solved the restricted Burnside problem, Fields Medal winner
See also
 List of mathematicians
 List of Russian physicists
 List of Russian scientists
 Science and technology in Russia
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Categories: Lists of mathematicians
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