Francis Leopold McClintock


Francis Leopold McClintock

Admiral Sir Francis Leopold McClintock [ [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=6894 Library and Archives Canada] ] or Francis Leopold M'Clintock [ [http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/northwest-passage/mclintock.htm Princeton University] ] KCB (8 July, 1819 – 17 November, 1907) was an Irish explorer in the British Royal Navy who is known for his discoveries in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

In 1831, he became a member of the Royal Navy as a gentleman volunteer, and joined a series of searches for Sir John Franklin between 1848 and 1859. He mastered traveling by using human hauled sleds, which remained the status quo in Royal Navy Arctic and Antarctic overland travel until the death of Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN in his forlorn hope bid to reach the South Pole. In his first Arctic command in 1848, McClintock surveyed and mapped Melville Island and discovered Prince of Wales Island and Prince Patrick Island. As part of Capt. Henry Kellett's expedition 1852 to 1854, McClintock traveled 1,400 miles by sled and discovered 800 miles of previously unknown coastline. [cite book |title=Ordeal by ice; the search for the Northwest Passage |last=Mowat |first=Farley |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1973 |publisher=McClelland and Stewart Ltd |location=Toronto |format=The Fate of Franklin |pages=288 |oclc=1391959]

In 1857, he was given command of the yacht "Fox" which was sponsored by public subscription via Lady Jane Franklin's search for her missing husband, and found the only official record of the 1845-48 Sir John Franklin Northwest Passage Expedition, in May 1859. This time, he did use dogs. This tale was published in "The Voyage of the 'Fox' in the Arctic Seas: A Narrative of the Discovery of the Fate of Sir John Franklin and His Companions. London, 1859". McClintock left the Royal Navy in 1884 as a Rear Admiral.

ee also

* M'Clintock Channel
* MacKlintok Island

References


*citation |last=Coleman, E. C. (2007). "The Royal Navy and Polar exploration: from Franklin to Scott". Stroud: Tempus. |isbn=0752442074
*citation |last=Murphy, D. (2004). "The Arctic Fox: Francis Leopold McClintock, discoverer of the fate of Franklin". Wilton, Cork: Collins Press. |isbn=1-55002-523-6

External links

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=6894&interval=25&&PHPSESSID=o83es2bjrls8q3lv3soh8pbo64 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/northwest-passage/mclintock.htm Princeton Essay on McClintock]
* [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/northwpass/captions4.html British Library Essay on Northwest Passage]
* [http://ve.torontopubliclibrary.ca/frozen_ocean/s4f_mcclintock.htm Toronto Library - Search for the Northwest Passage]


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  • Francis Leopold McClintock — Sir Francis Leopold McClintock (* 8. Juli 1819 in Dundalk, County Louth, Irland; † 17. November 1907 in London) war ein britischer Marineoffizier und Arktis Forscher. Er wurde bekannt als derjenige, der das Schicksal der verschollenen Franklin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Francis Leopold MacClintock — Sir Francis Leopold MacClintock (* 8. Juli 1819 in Dundalk, County Louth, Irland; † 17. November 1907 in London) war ein britischer Marineoffizier und Arktis Forscher. Er wurde bekannt als derjenige, der das Schicksal der verschollenen Franklin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McClintock, Sir Francis Leopold — ▪ Irish polar explorer born July 8, 1819, Dundalk, County Louth, Ire. died Nov. 17, 1907, London, Eng.       British naval officer and explorer who discovered the tragic fate of the British explorer Sir John Franklin (Franklin, Sir John) and his… …   Universalium

  • Francis McClintock — Francis Leopold McClintock Pour les articles homonymes, voir McClintock. Francis Leopold McClintock …   Wikipédia en Français

  • McClintock — is a modern surname of Northern Irish origin, deriving from an anglicization of a Scottish Gaelic name variously recorded as M Ilandick, M Illandag, M Illandick, M Lentick, McGellentak, Macilluntud, McClintoun, Mac Illiuntaig from the 14th… …   Wikipedia


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