List of Russian philosophers


List of Russian philosophers

Russian philosophy is a broad field, little known to most non-Russians, dominated by religious and humanistic figures such as Vladimir Soloviev and social or political philosophers such as Vladimir Lenin. Berdyaev is among the many famous Russian philosophers of the 20th century.

Major Thinkers

Russian Enlightenment

*Mikhail Shcherbatov (1733 - 1790)
*Alexander Radishchev (1749 - 1802)

Slavophiles and Pochvennichestvo

*Ivan Kireevsky (1806 - 1856)
*Aleksey Khomyakov (1804 - 1860)
*Vladimir Odoevsky (1803 - 1869)
*Konstantin Aksakov (1817 - 1860)
*Fyodor Tyutchev (1803 - 1873)
*Nikolay Danilevsky (1822 - 1885)
*Nikolay Strakhov (1828 - 1896)
*Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821 - 1881) "Religious philosopher artist (see Nikolai Berdyaev)"
*Konstantin Pobedonostsev (1827 - 1907)
*Konstantin Leontiev (1831 - 1891)
* Ivan Ilyin (1883 - 1954)


=Russian Symbolists=

*Valery Bryusov (1873 - 1924)
*Alexander Blok (1880 - 1921)
*Andrei Bely (1880 - 1934)
*Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanov (1866 - 1949)
*Innokenty Annensky (1855 - 1909)

Westernizers

*Pyotr Chaadaev (1794 - 1856)
*N. Stankevish
*Vissarion Belinsky (1811 - 1848)
*Alexander Herzen (1812 - 1870) "Father of Russian Socialism"


=Russian Positivists=

*Peter Lavrovich Lavrov (1823 - 1900)
*G. Virubov
*E. de Roberty
*Nikolay Mikhaylovsky (1842 - 1910)
*K. Kavelin
*M. Troitsky
*N. Kareyev
*N. Korkunov


=Russian cosmists=

*Nikolay Fyodorov (1828 - 1906) "N O Lossky lists Fyodorov as primarily a Christian philosopher."
*Vladimir Vernadsky (1863 – 1945)
*Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857 - 1935)
*Alexander Chizhevsky (1897—1964)


=Mysticists=

*Nikolay Novikov (1744 - 1818)
*M. M. Speransky (1772 - 1839)
*Helena Blavatsky (1831 - 1891)
*G. I. Gurdjieff (1872 - 1949)
*P. D. Ouspensky (1878 - 1947)


=Epistemologists, Logicians and Metaphysicians=

* Boris Chicherin (1828 - 1904)
* N. Debolsky
* P. Bakunin
* M Karinsky
* N. Grot
* Prince Trubertskoy


=Anarchists=

*Mikhail Bakunin (1814 – 1876) listed also as a Materialist, Nihilist [ History of Russian Philosophy pg 59. N.O. Lossky ]
*Leo Tolstoy (1828 - 1910)
*Peter Kropotkin (1842 - 1921)

Materialists, Nihilists

*Ivan Turgenev "The father of Russian nihilism (see Fathers and Sons)"
*N. G. Chernyshevsky (1828 - 1889)
*Dimitri Pisarev (1840 - 1868)
*Ivan Sechenov (1829 - 1905)

Socialists and Marxists

*George Plekhanov (1856 - 1918)
*Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924) "The creator of Leninism."
*Alexander Bogdanov (1873 - 1928)
*Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940) "The creator of Trotskyism."

Christian religious-philosophers

Pre- Solovyov
* P. Yurkevichh
* V. Kudriavtsev
* Vladimir Solovyev (1853 - 1900)
"Solovyev is noted to have created the first complete encompassing system of Russian philosophy" [ History of Russian Philosophy pg 81. N.O. Lossky] .
* Vasily Rozanov (1856 - 1919)
* Sergei Bulgakov (1871 - 1944)
* Pavel Florensky (1882 - 1937)


=Orthodox Christian Theologians=

*Georges Florovsky (1893 - 1979)
*Michael Pomazansky (1888 - 1988)
*Alexander Schmemann (1921 - 1983)
*John Meyendorff (1926-1992)
*Vladimir Lossky (1903 – 1958)

Intuitivist-Personalists

* Nikolai Lossky (1870 - 1965)
* Semen L. Frank (1877 - 1950)
* A. F. Losev (1892 -
* Dmitri Vassilyevich Boldyrev (1885 - 1920)
* Sergey Alexandrovich Levitsky
* Vladimir Alexandrovich Kozhevnikov (1850 - 1917)

Intuitivist-Realists

*B. Babynin
*A. Ognyov
*F. Berezhkov
*P. Popov


=Existentialists=

* Lev Shestov (1866 - 1938)
* Nikolai Berdyaev (1874 - 1948)


=Aestheticians=

* Alexei Losev (1893 - 1988)
* Mikhail Bakhtin (1895 - 1975)
* Leonid Stolovitsh (*1939)

See also

* Philosophy in the Soviet Union
* Nicolai A. Vasiliev
* Lev Gumilev
* Dmitry Likhachev
* Vasily Nalimov
* Valentin A. Bazhanov
* Mikhail Epstein
* Karen A. Swassjan
* Philosophers' ship
* Russian literature

References

Bibliography

*"History of Russian Philosophy" «История российской Философии »(1951) by N. O. Lossky. Publisher: Allen & Unwin, London ASIN: B000H45QTY International Universities Press Inc NY, NY sponsored by Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary.
*"A History of Philosophy, Volume 10: Russian Philosophy" (1986) by Frederick Copleston. Publisher: Continuum, London.

External links

* [http://www.emory.edu/INTELNET/rus_thought_overview.html Brief overview of Russian philosophy]
* [http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/russian_philosophy/ PHILTAR - Comprehensive web site with links to texts and resources]
* [http://www.iep.utm.edu/r/russian.htm Russian philosophy] - entry in the "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy".
* [http://www.mavicanet.com/directory/bel/2123.html Directory of links to Russian philosophers, mostly in Russian]
* [http://www.rep.routledge.com/article/E042#E042P3.28 Routledge entry]
* [http://knleontiev.narod.ru/articles.htm Konstantin Leontiev]
* [http://www.geocities.com/sbulgakovsociety Sergius Bulgakov Society] - Extensive collection of links to Bulgakov resources
* [http://community.livejournal.com/sbulgakov Bulgakov LiveJournal] - Collected materials of particular relevance to Russian religious philosophy


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