- Icebreaker Yermak
"Yermak" ( _ru. Ермак) (sometimes spelled "Ermak") was a
Russian and Soviet icebreaker, often referred to as the world's first true icebreaker, with a strengthened hull shaped to ride over and crush pack ice.
"Yermak" was built for the
Imperial Russian Navyunder the supervision of Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov by Armstrong Whitworthin Newcastle upon Tyneat its Low Walker yard and launched in 1898. She was named after the famous Russian explorer of Siberia, Don Cossack ataman Yermak Timofeyevich.
She was commissioned on
17 October 1898, and on the very first voyage she reached 81°21'N north of Spitsbergenin 1899. It had been constructed to break through a heavy (up to 2 m thickness) ice.
Yermak had been used in winter of 1899-1900 to set up 1st radio communication link in Russia between
Kotkaand Gogland (Suursaar) island (distance 47 km).
Between 1899-1911 Yermak sailed in a heavy ice conditions for more than 1000 days.
Yermak served with different branches of Russian and Soviet Navy and Merchant Marine up until 1964, becoming one of longest-serving icebreakers in the world. An island in the
Nordenskiöld Archipelagowas named after this icebreaker.
Another icebreaker with the name Yermak was built for the
Soviet Unionat Wärtsiläshipyard in Helsinki, Finlandin 1974.
Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet
Alexander Stepanovich Popov
* [http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-cp/history/Icebreakers.html History of icebreakers, by the US Coast Guard]
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