Japanese Antarctic Expedition


Japanese Antarctic Expedition

The Japanese Antarctic Expedition, 1910–12, was the first exploration of Antarctic territory by an expedition from Japan. Led by army lieutenant Nobu Shirase, its ship "Kainan Maru" left Tokyo on December 1910, reaching the ice on 26 February 1911 and sailing on into the Ross Sea. It being very late in the Antarctic season, the ship was not able to get beyond Coulman Island, and returned to Sydney, Australia, to winter there. During the following season a second attempt was made to reach an Antarctic landfall, with the specific objective of exploring King Edward VII Land. At the Great Ice Barrier "Kainan Maru" encountered Roald Amundsen's ship "Fram", which was waiting in the Bay of Whales for the return of Amundsen's South Pole party. [Amundsen, Vol II, pp. 271–72] A "Dash Patrol" of seven men from the "Kainan Maru" then landed on the Barrier and journeyed southward to 80°05'S, at which point adverse weather forced their return. Meanwhile the ship landed anoher party on the coast of King Edward VII Land, where an exploration of the lower slopes of the Alexandra Range was carried out. Kainan Maru returned to Japan, reaching Yokohama on 20 June 1912. [cite web|title= Nobu Shirase, 1861–1946|url= http://www.south-pole.com/p0000105.htm|publisher= www.south-pole.com|accessyear= 2008|accessdaymonth= 24 September]

Notes and references

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*cite book|authorlink= Roald Amundsen|last= Amundsen|first= Roald|title= "The South Pole, Vol II"|publisher= C Hurst & Co|year= 1976|location= London|isbn=0-903983-47-8
*cite web|title= Nobu Shirase, 1861–1946|url= http://www.south-pole.com/p0000105.htm|publisher= www.south-pole.com|accessyear= 2008|accessdaymonth= 24 September


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