- HMS Erebus (1826)
HMS "Erebus" was a "Hecla" class
bomb vesseldesigned by Sir Henry Peakeand constructed by the Royal Navyin Pembroke dockyard, Walesin 1826. The vessel was named after the dark region in Hadesof Greek mythologycalled Erebus. The 372-ton ship was armed with two mortars, one 13-inch and one 10-inch.
After two years service in the
Mediterranean Sea, "Erebus" was refitted as an exploration vessel for Antarcticservice and on November 21 1840, captained by James Clark Ross, she departed from Tasmaniafor Antarcticain company with HMS "Terror". In January 1841, the crew of both ships landed on Victoria Land, and proceeded to name areas of the landscape after British politicians, scientists, and acquaintances. Mount Erebus, on Ross Island, was named for the ship itself.
They then discovered the
Ross Ice Shelf, which they were unable to penetrate, and followed it eastward until the lateness of the season compelled them to return to Tasmania. The following season, 1842, Ross continued to survey the "Great Ice Barrier", as it was called, continuing to follow it eastward. The two ships returned to the Falkland Islandsbefore returning to the Antarctic in the 1842- 1843season. The ships conducted studies in magnetism, and returned with oceanographicdata and collections of botanicaland ornithologicalspecimens. Birds collected on the first expedition were described and illustrated by George Robert Grayand Richard Bowdler Sharpein "The Zoology of the Voyage of" HMS Erebus & HMS Terror. Birds of New Zealand"., 1875. The revised edition of Gray (1846)(1875).
For their next voyage, to the
Arcticunder Sir John Franklin, "Erebus" and "Terror" were outfitted with 20hp steam engines (converted from railway locomotiveengines), and had iron plating added to their hulls. Sir John Franklin sailed in "Erebus", in overall command of the expedition, and "Terror" was again under the command of Francis Crozier. The expedition was ordered to gather magnetic data in the Canadian Arctic and to complete a crossing of the Northwest Passage, which had already been charted from both the east and west but had never been entirely navigated.
The ships were last seen entering
Baffin Bayin August 1845. The disappearance of the Franklin expedition set off a massive search effort in the Arcticand the broad circumstances of the expedition's fate was not revealed until a series of expeditions between 1848and 1866.
Both ships had become icebound and had been abandoned by their crews, all of whom subsequently died of
exposureand starvationwhile trying to trek overland to the south. Subsequent expeditions up until the late 1980s, including autopsiesof crew members, also revealed that their shoddily canned rationsmay have been tainted by both lead and botulism. Oral reports by local Inuitthat some of the crew members resorted to cannibalismwere at least somewhat supported by forensicevidence of cut marks on the skeletalremains of crew members found on King William Islandduring the late 20th century.
The remains of the ship have yet to be found.
On 15 August 2008,
Parks Canada, an Agency of the Government of Canadaannounced [http://www.canada.com/windsorstar/news/story.html?id=147541d1-0d04-445c-963a-f9c498b32883|a CDN$75,000 six week search] , deploying the icebreaker CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurierwith the goal of finding the two ships. The search presumably seeks to strengthen Canada's position in sovereignty over large portions of the Arctic.
* [http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica%20fact%20file/History/antarctic_ships/erebus_terror_antarctica.htm Erebus and Terror]
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HMS Erebus (1826) — HMS Erebus und HMS Terror 1845 Geschichte Typ Bombarde Verbleib Am 22. April 1848 in der Viktoria Straße evakuiert … Deutsch Wikipedia
HMS Erebus (1826) — Para otros buques del mismo nombre, véase HMS Erebus. HMS Erebus El HMS Erebus y el HMS Terror durante la expedición a la Antártida Ba … Wikipedia Español
HMS Erebus (1826) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir HMS Erebus. Erebus L’Erebus et le Terror lors de l expédition de Ross en Antarctique … Wikipédia en Français
HMS Erebus — Five ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Erebus after Erebus, the dark region of Hades in Greek Mythology.*HMS|Erebus|1807|6 was a rocket vessel launched in 1807, converted to an 18 gun sloop in 1808, to a fire ship in 1809, and to a 24… … Wikipedia
HMS Erebus — HMS Erebus, ha sido el nombre usado por cinco buques de la Royal Navy por el Erebus, y es en remembranza de la región oscura del Hades en la mitología griega. HMS Erebus puede deberse a alguna de las siguientes unidades navales británicas: rocket … Wikipedia Español
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Erebus (disambiguation) — Erebus may refer to the following:*Erebus, the Greek god of darkness *HMS|Erebus, the name of five ships of the Royal Navy, most famously: **HMS|Erebus|1826|6, part of the expedition that carried Sir John Franklin s failed expedition to find the… … Wikipedia
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Mont Erebus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erebus. Mont Erebus Le mont Erebus vu depuis la péninsule de Hut Point … Wikipédia en Français