- Frederick William Beechey
Frederick William Beechey (
February 17, 1796– November 29, 1856) was an English naval officerand geographer.
He was the son of Sir
William Beechey, RA., and was born in London. In 1806 he entered the Royal Navy, and saw active service during the wars with Franceand America. In 1818 he served under Lieutenant (afterwards Sir) John Franklinin David Buchan's Arcticexpedition, of which at a later period he published a narrative; and in the following year he accompanied Lieutenant W. E. Parry in the "Hecla". In 1821 he took part in the survey of the Mediterraneancoast of Africaunder the direction of Captain, afterwards Admiral, William Henry Smyth. He and his brother Henry William Beechey, made an overland survey of this coast, and published a full account of their work in 1828 under the title of "Proceedings of the Expedition to Explore the Northern Coast of Africa from Tripoly Eastward in 1821-1822".
In 1825, Beechey was appointed to command the "Blossom," which was intended to explore
Bering Strait, in concert with Franklin and Parry operating from the east. He passed the strait and penetrated as far as 71°23'31" N., and 156°21'30" W., reaching a point only 146 m. west of that reached by Franklin's expedition from the Mackenzie river. The whole voyage lasted more than three years; and in the course of it Beechey discovered several islands in the Pacific, and an excellent harbour near Cape Prince of Wales.
In July 1826, he named the three islands in the Bering Strait: The two
Diomede Islands"(already named by Vitus Beringin 1728)": "Ratmanoff Island" (Big Diomede) and "Krusenstern Island" (Little Diomede). Beechey called the uninhabited third islet " Fairway Rock", which is still its contemporary name.
In 1831, there appeared his "Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific and Berings Strait to Co-operate with the Polar Expeditions, 1825-1828". In 1835, and the following year Captain Beechey was employed on the coast survey of
South America, and from 1837 to 1847, carried on the same work along the Irish coasts. He was appointed in 1850 to preside over the Marine Department of the Board of Trade. In 1854, he was made rear-admiral, and in the following year was elected president of the Royal Geographical Society.
His daughter was the Canadian painter
Frances Anne Hopkins
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=3773 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.botanicus.org/creator.asp?creatorid=308 View digitized titles related to Frederick William Beechey in "Botanicus.org"]
last = Hooker
first = Sir William Jackson
authorlink = William Jackson Hooker
coauthors = G. A. Walker Arnott, Esq.
title = The Botany of Captain Beechey's voyage
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=V7HuvtYs6J4C
date = 1841
Henry George Bohn
* [http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/PageView/47595/0387?id=6326954daf403de5 Narrative of a voyage... 1825-28, by Captain F.W. Beechey, London, 1831, Page 337]
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