- Semion Chelyuskin
Chelyuskin graduated from the Navigation School in Moscow. He first became a deputy
navigatorwhile serving in the Baltic Fleet(1726) and later promoted to navigator (1733). Chelyuskin was chosen for the Second (Great Northern) Kamchatka Expedition, in which he took part until 1743. He participated in expeditions, led by Vasily Pronchischevand Khariton Laptev. In spring of 1741, Chelyuskin made a voyage from the Khatanga Riverto the Pyasina Riverby land. He described the western coastline from the Taimyr Peninsulato the Middendorff Bayand then from the mouth of Pyasina to the mouth of the Yenisei River. In winter of 1741-1742, he traveled from Turukhanskto the mouth of the Khatanga River, describing the northern coastline of the Taimyr Peninsula from the Cape Faddeyon the East to the mouth of the Taimyra Riveron the West. Chelyuskin found the northern extremity of Asia, which Aleksandr Fyodorovich Middendorfwould later name after him in 1843 ( Cape Chelyuskin).
He was discharged from the Baltic Fleet in the rank of a
In 1930s the
Soviet Unionoperated a steamship, built in Denmarkin 1933, which was named after Semion Chelyuskin (see the Chelyuskin steamship). It sank in the Chukchi Seanear Kolyuchin Islandduring an ill-fated attempt to cover the Northern Sea Route.
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