Semion Chelyuskin


Semion Chelyuskin

Chelyuskin, Semion Ivanovich ( _ru. Семён Иванович Челюскин) (c. 1700 - 1764) was a Russian polar explorer and naval officer.

Chelyuskin graduated from the Navigation School in Moscow. He first became a deputy navigator while serving in the Baltic Fleet (1726) and later promoted to navigator (1733). Chelyuskin was chosen for the Second (Great Northern) Kamchatka Expedition, in which he took part until 1743. He participated in expeditions, led by Vasily Pronchischev and Khariton Laptev. In spring of 1741, Chelyuskin made a voyage from the Khatanga River to the Pyasina River by land. He described the western coastline from the Taimyr Peninsula to the Middendorff Bay and then from the mouth of Pyasina to the mouth of the Yenisei River. In winter of 1741-1742, he traveled from Turukhansk to the mouth of the Khatanga River, describing the northern coastline of the Taimyr Peninsula from the Cape Faddey on the East to the mouth of the Taimyra River on the West. Chelyuskin found the northern extremity of Asia, which Aleksandr Fyodorovich Middendorf would later name after him in 1843 (Cape Chelyuskin).

He was discharged from the Baltic Fleet in the rank of a captain in 1760.

In 1930s the Soviet Union operated a steamship, built in Denmark in 1933, which was named after Semion Chelyuskin (see the Chelyuskin steamship). It sank in the Chukchi Sea near Kolyuchin Island during an ill-fated attempt to cover the Northern Sea Route.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chelyuskin — or Cheliuskin may refer to one of the following. Semion Chelyuskin SS Chelyuskin, a 1933 Soviet ship named after Semion Chelyuskin; crushed and sunk in pack in 1933 Cape Chelyuskin This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chelyuskin steamship — Chelyuskin ( ru. «Челюскин») was a Soviet steamship reinforced to navigate polar ice that became ice bound in Arctic waters during navigation along the Northern Maritime Route from Murmansk to Vladivostok. The expedition s task was to determine… …   Wikipedia

  • Chelyuskin — Semion Tcheliouskine Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tcheliouskine. Semion Ivanovitch Tcheliouskine (en russe : Семен Иванович Челюскин) (c. 1700 – après 1760) est un explorateur polaire et un officier de marine russe. Tcheliouskine sortit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SS Chelyuskin — Chelyuskin sinking Career Name: Chelyuskin Owner …   Wikipedia

  • Cape Chelyuskin — ( ru. мыс Челюскина) is the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent, and the northermost point of mainland Russia. It is situated at the tip of the Taymyr Peninsula, south of Severnaya Zemlya archipelago, in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The… …   Wikipedia

  • SS Chelyuskin — Tcheliouskine (brise glace) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tcheliouskine. Tcheliouskine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Russian explorers — The Russian Empire at its peak in 1866, including the spheres of influence; this territorial expansion largely corresponds to the extent of contiguous exploration by Russians. This is a list of explorers from the Russian Federation, Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • Khariton Laptev — Khariton Prokofievich Laptev ( Лаптев, Харитон Прокофьевич in Russian) (1700 1763), Russian Arctic explorer, naval officer.Laptev started his career in the navy as a cadet in 1718. In 1739 1742, he led one of the parties of the Second Kamchatka… …   Wikipedia

  • List of polar explorers — For the main article on polar exploration see polar exploration. * Roald Amundsen * Salomon August Andrée * Piotr Fyodorovich Anjou * Josée Auclair * Ann Bancroft * Willem Barents * Fabian von Bellingshausen * Louise Boyd * Edward Bransfield *… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.