- USS Skate (SSN-578)
USS "Skate" (SSN-578), the second
submarineof the United States Navynamed for the skate, a type of ray, was the lead shipof the "Skate" class of nuclear attack submarines. She was the third nuclear submarine commissioned, the first to make a completely submerged trans-Atlantic crossing, and the second submarine to reach the North Pole and the first to surface there.
The contract to build her was awarded to the
Electric Boatdivision of General Dynamicson 18 July 1955, and her keel was laid in Groton, Connecticuton 21 July 1955. She was launched on 16 May 1957sponsored by Mrs. Lewis L. Strauss, and commissioned on 23 December 1957with Commander James F. Calvert in command.
"Skate" conducted shakedown training out of
New London, Connecticutuntil 29 January 1958, when she cruised to the Bermudaoperating area, then returned to her home port on February 8. Sixteen days later, the nuclear powered submarine set a course for the Isle of Portland, England. Before returning home, she had also visited ports in Franceand the Netherlands.
On July 30, "Skate" steamed to the Arctic where she operated under the ice for 10 days. During this time, she surfaced nine times through the ice, navigated over 2,400 miles under it, and became the second ship to reach the North Pole, earning the
Navy Unit Commendationaward for "... braving the hazards of the polar ice pack...." On August 23, she steamed into Bergen, Norway. The submarine made port calls in the Netherlands, Belgium, and France before returning to New London on 25 September 1958.In the following months, "Skate", as the first ship of her class, conducted various tests in the vicinity of her home port. In early March 1959 , she again headed for the Arcticto pioneer operations during the period of extreme cold and maximum ice thickness. The submarine steamed 3900 miles under pack ice while surfacing through it ten times. On March 17, she surfaced at the North Poleto commit the ashes of the famed explorer Sir Hubert Wilkinsto the Arctic waste. When the submarine returned to port, she was awarded a bronze star in lieu of a second Navy Unit Commendationfor demonstrating "... for the first time the ability of submarines to operate in and under the Arctic ice in the dead of winter...." In the fall of 1959 and in 1960, "Skate" participated in exercises designed to strengthen American antisubmarine defenses.
"Skate" returned to General Dynamics in January 1961 for a regular overhaul and to have her reactor refueled for the first time. She put to sea in August and, for the next 11 months, conducted exercises to increase the operational readiness of her crew.
7 July 1962, "Skate" again set course towards the North Pole. Five days later, USS|Seadragon|SSN-584, did likewise from Pearl Harbor. The two submarines made their rendezvous on 31 July. After meeting, they operated together for over a week. Both submarines surfaced at the North Pole on August 2 and official greetings and insignia of Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet and Submarine Force Pacific Fleet were exchanged.
"Skate" returned to New London and performed fleet and local operations for the next several years. She entered the
Norfolk Naval Shipyardon 28 April 1965, the first nuclear submarine overhauled there, for nuclear refueling and installation of the SUBSAFE package. "Skate" was the first submarine to finish this major conversion program, which was instituted after the loss of USS|Thresher|SSN-593 in 1963. The process was not completed until September 1967.
After sea trials and a shakedown cruise in the
Caribbean, the submarine returned to New London and participated in exercises involved in the development of new undersea tactics and equipment.
In October 1968, "Skate" was deployed to the
Mediterraneanwhere she operated with the Sixth Fleet for two months. The polar veteran operated under the Arctic ice again in March and April 1969 , in October 1970 , and in February 1971 . The remainder of her at sea time was spent in various Atlantic Fleet and NATOexercises. In July 1971 , she began her third regular overhaul at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard and did not return to New London until 17 November 1973. In August 1974, "Skate" operated as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet.
She was decommissioned
12 September 1986, stricken from the Naval Vessel Registeron 30 October 1986, and disposed of by submarine recycling at Puget Sound Naval Shipyardon 6 March 1995.
The submarine appeared in
Tom Clancy's novel Without Remorse.
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