- Mikhail Lazarev
Education and early career
Lazarev was born in Vladimir, a scion of the old Russian nobility from the Vladimir province. In 1800, he enrolled in Russia's Naval College. Three years later he was sent to the British fleet, where he would stay for a continuous five-year navigation. From 1808 to 1813, Lazarev served in the Baltic Fleet. He took part in the Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809 and Patriotic War of 1812.
Career as an explorer
As a commander of the ship Mirny and Fabian von Bellingshausen's deputy on his world cruise in 1819-1821, Lazarev took part in the discovery of Antarctica and numerous islands. On January 28, 1820 the expedition discovered the Antarctic mainland, approaching the Antarctic coast at the coordinates and seeing ice-fields there.
In 1826, Lazarev became commander of the ship Azov, which would sail to the Mediterranean Sea as the flagship of the First Mediterranean Squadron under command of Admiral Login Petrovich Geiden and participated in the Battle of Navarino in 1827. Lazarev received the rank of Rear Admiral for his excellence during the battle.
In February–June 1833, Lazarev led a Russian squadron to the Bosporus and signed the Treaty of Hunkar-Iskelesi with Turkey. In 1833, Lazarev was appointed Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, the Black Sea ports, and also military governor of Sevastopol and Nikolayev.
Influence and legacy
Admiral Lazarev was influential both in technical matters and as a mentor to younger officers. He advocated the creation of a steam-powered fleet, but Russia's technical and economical backwardness was a major hindrance to this. He also tutored a number of the Russian fleet commanders, including Pavel Nakhimov, Vladimir Kornilov, Vladimir Istomin, and Grigory Butakov.
An atoll in the Pacific Ocean, capes in the Amur Liman and on the Unimak Island, a former island in the Aral Sea, a bay and a port in the Sea of Japan, bay and sea in the South Ocean, a settlement near Sochi and other locations bear Lazarev's name.
Several ships were named after the Admiral:
- A Light Cruiser ordered for the Imperial Navy in 1914, completed and renamed the Krasny Kavkaz after the revolution.
- A Sverdlov class cruiser built in the early 1950s.
- The Kirov class battlecruiser Frunze was renamed Admiral Lazarev after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Lazarev is buried with his disciples Nakhimov, Kornilov and Istomin in the Admirals' Burial Vault in Sevastopol. A minor planet 3660 Lazarev, discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1978, is named after him.
Honours and awards
- Order of St. George, IV class
- Order of St. Vladimir, 1st class
- Order of St. Alexander Nevsky
- Order of White Eagle
- Knight of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom)
- Military Order of St. Louis (France)
References and notes
- ^ V.V. Rummel, V.V. Golubtsov, Rodoslovnyi sbornik russkikh dvorianskikh familii, vol. 1, Sankt Petersburg, 1886, p. 504. The Russian noble family Lazarevs shall not be confused with the Armenian family Lazariants who russified their surname from Lazariants into Lazarevs.
- ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 308. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. http://books.google.com/books?q=3659+Bellingshausen+1969+TE2.
- A map of his Antarctic expedition (in Russian), attention - all dates there are Julian
- Mikhail Lazarev at Find a Grave
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mikhaïl Lazarev — Portrait de Mikhaïl Petrovitch Lazarev. Mikhaïl Petrovitch Lazarev (en russe : Михаил Петрович Лазарев) est un amiral et un explorateur russe, né le 3 novembre 1788 et décédé le 11 avril 1851 … Wikipédia en Français
Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev — Mikhaïl Lazarev Portrait de Mikhaïl Petrovitch Lazarev. Mikhaïl Petrovitch Lazarev (en russe : Михаил Петрович Лазарев) est un amiral et un explorateur russe, né le 3 novembre 1788 et décédé le 11 avril 1851 … Wikipédia en Français
Mikhail Sergeyevich Lazarev — Mikhail Lazarev Personal information Full name Mikhail Sergeyevich Lazarev Date of birth February 27, 1992 ( … Wikipedia
Lazarev — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronymes Lazarev (masculin ; Лазарев) ou Lazareva (féminin ; Лазарева), également Lazareff (transcription désuète), est un… … Wikipédia en Français
Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev — ( ru. Михаил Петрович Лазарев, November 3, 1788 mdash; April 11, 1851) was a Russian fleet commander and explorer, and Admiral (1843). Education and early careerLazarev was a scion of the old Russian nobility from the Vladimir province [ V.V.… … Wikipedia
Lazarev — ( ru. Лазарев), or Lazareva (feminine; Лазарева) is a Russian last name and may refer to:People*Alexander Lazarev (b. 1945), a Russian conductor *Dmitry Lazarev (1922 1991), a Soviet army officer and Hero of the Soviet Union *Ivan Alexandrovich… … Wikipedia
Mikhail Kasyanov — Михаил Касьянов Prime Minister of Russia In office 7 May 2000 – 24 February 2004 President Vladimir Putin Preceded by … Wikipedia
Mikhail Somov — Mikhail Mikhailovich Somov (Russian: Михаил Михайлович Сомов) (7 April 1908, Moscow 30 December 1973, Leningrad) was a Soviet oceanologist, polar explorer, Doctor of Geographical Sciences (1954). Mikhail Somov graduated from the Moscow… … Wikipedia
Mikhail Illoukhine — Born November 21, 1966 (1966 11 21) (age 44) Tula, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Nationality Russian Height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) … Wikipedia
Lazarev Bay — (coord|69|20|S|72|0|W|display=inline,title) is a rectangular bay, 15 nautical miles (28 km) long and 13 nautical miles (24 km) wide, between Alexander Island and Rothschild Island and bounded on the south by ice shelf joining the two islands. The … Wikipedia